Since Chicago style citation is not as popular as MLA or APA academic formats, it is often considered as something too complex. In reality, it is one of the old writing standards of American English. CMOS, which stands for Chicago Manual of Style, is a common format for research projects and already includes all the necessary elements required for publishing. The only challenge to cite an article Chicago style is learning about two separate reference styles. It all depends on what course you have taken. For example, History, Arts, English will require “Notes-Bibliography” citing patterns. Now if you are majoring in Physics, Engineering, or Natural Sciences, use a well-known classic “Author-Date” format. The good news is that our Chicago writing guide is here to assist you and explain with the help of detailed examples!
How to Cite an Article in Chicago Style Correctly
The basic article citation in Chicago format (17th edition) includes at least three citing versions. While it may be confusing at first, it is only necessary to see our examples. Let us start with the basic pattern for article citation:
First Name. Last Name, “Title,” followed by Journal Title Issue, and publication number (date): page cited, DOI or URL (if available online).
Now short version will include:
Last Name, “Title (make it shorter if necessary),” page cited.
Last Name, First Name. “Title.” Journal Title Issue, number (date): page range. DOI or URL.
It should be mentioned that citing an article in Chicago requires the phrase “Retrieved from” before any web link.
General Requirements for Chicago Style
Now that we have the basic patterns as examples, it is crucial to learn a little bit more about the aspects of Chicago manual style format citing. Before we proceed with some real-life examples, these rules will help you to avoid the most common mistakes.
When you mention a particular source, be it an article or any other reference, a short note or a footnote always goes with the corresponding number. In this case, a superscript number should be added next to your reference.
When you mention some notes more than once, like for a second or any subsequent time, do not include full reference details any longer. It is enough to include a relevant superscript number with the last name of the author, title of your article, and a page number. See below:
If there is more than one author related to a source, Chicago manual of style article citation recommends this template:
Author 1 and Author 2. “Title of Discovered Article.” Name of a source. Month Day, Year. URL.
Our first footnote reference:
₁. B. R. Timmins and T.E. Collins. “Belgian Diamonds Exploration,” Jewellery Online, July 1, 2019, http://www.your.url.
₂. Timmins and Collins, “Belgian Diamonds Exploration.”
Chicago Citation Structure for Articles
Regardless of a resource that you have found for your source to cite in your course paper or some specific research project, see these general patterns to see what must be included:
Basic Article Citation
First Name, Last Name, “Title,” Journal Title with its Issue, number (date): page cited, DOI or URL.
Last Name, “Title” and the page number.
Last Name, First Name. “Title.” Journal Title followed by Issue, number (date): page range (if available). DOI or URL.
See examples for the first in-text footnote:
David, Bowie, “Ground Control Essentials,”, Space Aeronautics Review 104, no.3 (1984): 211. DOI: 10.1234/url
Bowie, “Ground Control Essentials,” 211.
Bowie, David. “Ground Control Essentials.” Space Aeronautics Review 104, no.3 (1984): 211-225. DOI: 10.1234/url
Article in Print
The major difference of articles found in print, compared to Chicago online article citation format is the absence of URL or DOI number. Still, in some cases, it still appears in a print source, yet is not used for citing purposes.
See this example: Footnote/Endnote Reference:
Jesse James, “Adaptive Psychology in Adolescents,” American Psychology Review 16, no. 1 (2005): 34.
Short citing further in text:
James, “Adaptive Psychology in Adolescents,” 34.
James, Jesse. “Adaptive Psychology in Adolescents.” American Psychology Review 16, no. 1 (2005): 34-36.
Now Chicago citation for online article differs only with an addition of relevant URL or DOI number if it is found in an online database or elsewhere as long as it can be accessed online.
For footnote/endnote reference:
Tom Petty, “Civil Citizenship and Responsibility in the Southern States,” Social Sciences Review 91, no. 13 (2009): 61. DOI: 10.3133/chr.xxxx.
Petty, “Civil Citizenship and Responsibility in the Southern States,” 61.
Petty, Tom. “Civil Citizenship and Responsibility in the Southern States.” Social Sciences Review 91, no.13 (2009): 61-67. DOI: 10.3133/chr.xxxx.
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How Do You Cite an Online Article in Chicago Style?
Compared to any print edition, you only add the URL or DOI number, if it has been found in some online database. Follow this example:
For either footnote or endnote referencing:
Bill Gates, “Microsoft Ethical Code Analysis,” Data Science Review 21, no. 13 (2001): 11. DOI: 15.1334/chr.xxxx.
What are the rules of italics and quotation in Chicago style?
The use of italics (or quotation marks in some cases) for in-text citations depends on a source that you use. It follows the rules that apply to footnotes and bibliography. If there are larger references like a book or some journal, – use italics. If it is some smaller source like a book chapter or article – place quotation marks.
What is the format for URL links in Chicago?
It should start with “Retrieved from” prefix with your URL going next.