When future engineers, programmers, and network engineers have to write a research or do an essay reflection paper, IEEE style format is recommended. Standing for Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, this style is unique due to specific rules. As a strict organization that stands behind diverse standards in engineering and industrial processes, IEEE format is used for engineering journals, research papers or lectures on subject. Since most college students in the United States find it difficult to cope with IEEE style, we offer IEEE citation generator that can make even the most complex formats easier, free, and quick. In addition, we make a handy IEEE guide that will explain in-text citations and references with real-life examples.
First of all, when it comes down to in-text citation in engineering format, it should be noted that all what students have to do is use square brackets with appropriate numbering. It should refer to full source citation that are mentioned full in References list. In other words, one should not ever mention author’s credentials or publication date when supporting arguments. For example, a part of text where a quote is given should always end with  or  for second source, corresponding to specific entry in your Bibliography.
There are three main rules that have to be remembered for in-text citations in IEEE:
Put brackets citing within paper text before any punctuation comes up. Use space before first bracket.
Each source should maintain the same numbering pattern as it has been previously specified.
Once citing several sources at once, it is recommended to list each number in separate brackets. A comma or a dash should be placed for separation. As an example: , , . Alternatively, students can use  – .
See how in-text citations are mixed with text:
“…as a result, software complications became more user-friendly .”
“It could provide several options for mechanical engineering that were less challenging financially, compared to surveys done in 2005 .”
“Williams  has argued that Python programing can be…”
“Several research platforms , ,  have shown that…”
“As most professors recommended, refer to .”
As one can see from examples above, IEEE citation style takes away the challenge of in-text citation when there are several authors or no author is given. All that has to be done is accurate numbering, so that References page coordinates well with each entry.
Reference sorting should be listed numerically (using numbers) and not alphabetically like in APA or MLA formats.
Before we proceed with Reference examples, let us remind you of these obligatory page layout rules:
Let us review Reference examples. Notice that square brackets have specific numbers that will have according numbers until the end of our guide.
For sources that are in print, follow this example:
[Number] A. Last Name and B. Last Name, Title. City, State: Publisher, Year.
For such case, title or entry name are used in italics.
[Number] “Title”, Source. City, State: Publisher, Year.
Remember to italicize book:
[Number] A. Last Name, “Title,” in Book, First Name / Initial. / Last name, Ed. City: Publisher, Year, pp. 1-2.
 First name / Last Name, First name / Last Name, and First Name Last Name,
E-Book title, 2nd ed. City, State: Publisher, Year. [source type] Available: source.
[Number] First Name / Initials / Last Name, “Title,” Article, vol. Edition, pp. , Month. Year.
[Number] First Name / Last Name, “Title,” Journal abbreviated, vol., issue, pp. , Journal source. DOI: xx.xxx/0000000
Remember: When citing from journals, always use special abbreviations. If unsure, contact one of our expert writers for consulting. Journals should have italics and all words capitalized, except for connecting words. First word and subtitle should be capitalized as well, placed in quotation marks. When looking for abbreviations, use similar sources online to check correct format.
[Number] First Last Name and First Name Initials Last Name, “Title,” Journal abbreviation., Vol, pp. 00-10, Month. Year.
[Number] Website, “Article,” Source, Publisher Code or Database, Year [Online] Available: URL. [Accessed: Month. Day, Year]
If one has to cite personal website that has no company or publishing, use this:
[Number] First, Last Name, “Title,” Month, Year. [Online}/ Available: URL [Accessed Month. Day, Year].
For most social media websites, remember to mention description or form, like an image for Instagram. See below:
 A. A. Author (year, month day). Post [Description of form]. Available: Internet
address. [Accessed: Month day, year]
[Number] First Last Name and First Last Name, “Title,” in “Source”, Abbreviation for Conference and Year, City, State, Country, Date, Author, Eds. City: Publisher, Year. Pages.
[Number] First Last Name and First Last Name, Eds., Title. Source, Month or Date, Year, City, Country. Publisher, Year.
[Number] First Name / Last Name, “Title,” Journal, p., Month Day, Year. [Online]. Available: XYZ, URL. [Accessed Month Day, Year].
[Number] First Last Name and First Last Name, “Title,” Source Database abbreviated., University Abbreviated, City, Source Type. Source Code, Month. Day, Year.
[Number] First Last Name, “Title,” Patent, Month, Day, Year.
 ABC Criteria for XYZ Company Systems, IEEE Standard 504, 2001.
Follow this template when citing video or film:
[Number] A. C. Author (year, month day). Video [Video file]. Available: Internet
address. [Accessed: Month day, year]
Generally, when one has to cite from online forum or any other online source, make sure to provide information that can identify an entry. Follow an example and template:
[Number] Z. X. Author (year, month day). Post [Description of form]. Available: Internet address. [Accessed: Month day, year]
According to manual, there are no exact rules for Internet resources, therefore, each source can follow an example above. Contact one of our experts 24/7 online to check twice.
Follow this template:
Any engineering work and research have to support arguments and ideas with clear sources. Nevertheless, there are personal ideas as well to make college professor see that there is research and analysis that have been done. The greatest risk for students is plagiarism and academic dishonesty. In IEEE citations style, accuracy is extremely important. Doing so right is even more important! Talking to our engineering experts and looking through formatting guide, we offer IEEE citation generator. Here are some benefits that you will find efficient:
Does IEEE use Works cited or References list and what is font size?
According to manual style format, correct word is References. Use 9 point font size with Times New Roman with 10pt interline space.
What are IEEE page layout rules?
Keep research text within printing area. Page numbers should be in pencil on the back of each page in light font. If ready for print, first page is started in one-column format. Usual text is single-spaced, Times New Roman, 12 point. No additional spaces between paragraphs. Tables, graphs, and captions should be in Helvetica font, 10pt, and bold.
What are Abstract page requirements in IEEE?
If one uses Abstract page, it should include about 150 words in length. Text should be italicized. Two spaces should be left between an Abstract and heading of first paper section. Font for abstract should be 10 point. Header should be 14 point size and in bold, centered.
How to use an in-text citation if author’s name is unknown?
For such case, one should use  number even if sources differ by type. If one has to include a reference in text, use organization’s name or general title of an entry.
Can I use German or Spanish languages inserts in IEEE document?
According to Engineering Standards Manual issued by IEEE, only English quotes and information is acceptable, therefore, for foreign entries, make a reference to original with paraphrasing, if applicable.