The CSE citation style is not as common as MLA or even Chicago referencing, which is why those students who are forced to use it often feel lost and confused not knowing what rules must be used. Things become even more complex with CSE website citation since the talk mostly goes about research paper writing.
CSE abbreviation stands for Council of Science Editors, which makes it evident that this format is made precisely for scientific papers and lengthy research assignments.
While it often deals with Biology or Genetics, it is not limited to any particular subject as long as the scientific approach is being followed. As the majority of modern sources seem to appear online, knowing how to cite a website in CSE becomes a must.
General Rules for Citing Full Web Sources and Portions of Websites in CSE
Our citation guide will follow the 7th edition, which is used by most universities and colleges worldwide. Even though the citation of web sources is not so common for CSE style works, there are some rules and exceptions that must be noted right away. For example, if you are referencing formal documentation like Word files or PDF sources found online, it is necessary to cite them exactly like books or any other journal articles that have been discovered online. It means you must include relevant information about the publisher, if available.
Now if you have to cite a page that represents a web site, it is necessary to start with its title, publication date, and anything that helps to identify your source. Make sure you include at least these eight crucial elements:
Author information goes with her Last Name, First Name.
A publication date goes with adding “c” letter before.
Website title (if you refer to an online source).
Place of publication with relevant information about the publisher or some organization behind the website.
Webpage title if relevant and date of the post.
Access date or the latest update of the article if mentioned.
Estimated volume of cited material in brackets that may include pages, file size, or anything that can explain the size of cited material.
“Available from” part that has the colon with the URL.
Speaking of in-text references, the CSE style format uses a name-year format, which means that that the author’s name and the year are included in parentheses. It goes like this:
It also serves as the reference to sources that you have included in the Bibliography / References part.
Citing a Website Portion in CSE
According to the CSE citation manual, in such a case it is necessary to start by citing the homepage, then continue with the title of the portion that includes a semicolon and space. Remember to provide the date of the publication of the portion within the square brackets if it differs from the main page. The date must end with a semicolon and the URL.
When learning how to cite a website CSE style, remember that since most research sources will have a DOI information, it is recommended to include it as well. It is important to specify the type of container that you have. For example, it can be [Internet] for the web pages or [magazine] if you are citing a web magazine
The General Template for Website Citation in CSE
In practice, the template looks this way:
Last Name First Name. c (Year). Website Title [Internet]. City (State): Publisher Information. [updated year month day; cited year/month/day]. Available from: your URL.
It brings us an example you can follow when you need to cite a web page where a research article appears:
Scientific American Mind: More Synapses Mean More Brainpower [Magazine] c 2012. New York (NY): Scientific American Publishing [cited 2020 Aug 30]. [About 12 pages]. Available from https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/more-synapses-mean-more-brainpower/
CSE citation for website (home page) source will look this way:
MedServe Innovations: Therapy Innovations [Internet]. c2007-2020. Daventry (UK): Med Serve Innovations. [cited 2012 Jan 7]. [About 3 screens]. Available from: https://www.medserveinnovations.co.uk/
The Types of Website Sources You May Need to Cite in CSE
deCode Genetics Solutions: A Global Leader in Human Genetics [Internet]. c1996-2020. Reykjavik (ISL): deCode Genetics Solutions. [cited 2020 Aug 1]. [About 4 pages]. Available from: https://www.decode.com/
Web Page With an Author
Morin Amy. c (2020). Risk Factors Associated With Teen Violence [Internet] Sacramento, LA: Dot Dash Publishing. [Updated 2020 Jun 30; cited 2020 Aug 30]. [About 7 pages]. Available from: https://www.verywellmind.com/what-makes-some-teens-behave-violently-2610459
Web Page With No Author
CSE format for websites that have no author starts directly with a title or place where the link has been discovered if no clear definition is available.
Psychoacoustics. c(1998-2020). Dictionary.Com [Internet]. London: Collins English Dictionary Online [cited 2020 Aug 30]. [About 1 page]. Available from: https://www.dictionary.com/browse/psychoacoustics
Website of Organization
Kids Help Phone Association. c(2020). Kids Help Phone [Internet]. Vancouver, Canada: Kids Help Phone Charitable Organization. [updated 2020 June 12; cited 2020 Aug 30]. [About 8 pages]. Available from: https://kidshelpphone.ca/
Social Media Resource
Social media reference follows its special guidelines unlike when CSE citing a website,
which is why you should follow this template for any Facebook/Twitter/Instagram or any other social media source:
The Bibliography CSE citation for social media sources starts with the Username (exactly as specified) or a page’s name if nothing else is available. Then follow the posting date and time if given. Use the network name (be it Facebook or anything) with a brief explanation of what your post is in square brackets and the semicolon afterward. Then [Access Date] and the URL either with the full link or the main domain.
See this example:
@Asiageoff. 2020 Aug 26, 7:01 p.m. Twitter [Tweet]; [Accessed 2020 Aug 30]. https://twitter.com/asiageoff/status/1298651773503246339
Why Manual Citation is Out of Date?
There are several reasons why citing web pages manually is unsafe and even dangerous. Since we deal with the list of unknown sources, it is only natural to type something wrong or forget about that dreary semicolon that must be put after the update of a particular page. Imagine dealing with over ten CSE sources and things easily turn to a nightmare that takes time and nerves.
Thankfully, there is no need to risk your academic future when you can use our CSE citation generator that costs you nothing and allows you to pick up all the required information for your CSE style Bibliographies automatically without searching for relevant information for hours. Most importantly, it is completely free and does not have any limitations. Just enter the webpage URL or DOI number and generate complete CSE citations in seconds!
Is your CSE Website Citation free?
Yes, it is completely free and does not require registration or passing through any surveys. Just enter the information that you have by pasting the web link, and our generator will help to compose a correct citation.
How to cite in-text when I do not have an author but only an organization?
CSE format recommends using the name of the organization with the year. An example:
What to do if I quote several works by the different authors in my research paper text?
It must be done chronologically from the oldest to a recent source. The sources are separated by a semicolon like this: