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The Main Rules for Images Citing in IEEE Style

The IEEE academic writing format, which stands for the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, is a long-time standard in the composition of research assignments among the Data Science, Computer Engineering, Programming, Electronics, and Information Technologies university students. IEEE image citation frequently becomes necessary if a person wants to reference a certain image or even include an artwork. Luckily, this particular style does not contain anything out of the ordinary and things get fairly easy since most engineers prefer practical work rather than meticulous citing challenges. 

Some general rules that must be remembered:

  • Each citation must be referenced within the text by using non-superscript sequential numbers enclosed in square brackets like [1].
  • Citations must be numbered exactly in the same order as they appear. If you already mentioned some source, it keeps the same number throughout the paper.
  • There is no difference between print and electronic sources when numbering your citations.
  • Leave space before the bracket after the text and try to keep within the same line of text.
  • Every online source must have an addition of the word [online] after the access date part.
  • Bibliography page also starts with the numbers in square brackets regardless of ABC reference.

The Basic Templates of IEEE Image Citation

Regardless if you need to cite a photograph or some artwork piece that relates to your research, these templates will help you understand the correct formatting. Let’s start with an artwork reference example for something discovered online:

[1] A. Surname, “Artwork Title,” Date of Creation, Website Title in italics. City, State, Country: Publisher, Month Day, Year. [Online]. Available: URL or Database, Accessed on: Month Day Year. 

For an artwork that has been seen in person at some gallery, see the changes that are reflected below:

[2] A. Surname, Artwork Title, Repository or Collection, City, State, Country, Date of Artwork. [Medium]. Viewed on: Month Day, Year.  

Finally, if our image is not available online and comes from the book, it follows this template:

[3] A. Surname, “Artwork Title”, Date of Creation, In Title of Book or Anthology, A. Surname, Ed. City, State, Country: Publisher, Year, Page(s).   

Before we proceed with the actual examples, it must be remembered that IEEE picture citation in terms of placing a figure has its special numbering. See our example below: 

 [Your Image] 
Figure 1: SpaceX Shuttle Launch
Source: Adapted from [14]. 

This information must appear below your image that is included in your text. Figures and tables must be numbered separately. As one can see, we used source number 14 for our particular case. It also appears under the same number on our References page. 

IEEE Image Citation Examples

Images

[4] A. Surname, “Artwork Title,” Date of Creation, Website Title in italics. City, State, Country: Publisher, Month Day, Year. [Online]. Available: URL or Database, Accessed on: Month Day Year. 
[4] “President Donald Trump toured NASA’s crew quarters at the Kennedy Space Center on Wednesday,” May 30, 2020. The New York Times. New York, USA: Doug Mills/ The New York Times, May 30, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/30/science/spacex-launch-nasa.html, Accessed on: October 1, 2020.
 
IEEE cite image guide states that tables, figures, or equations must be cited only inside your text and are not mentioned in your Bibliography page unlike other media types like photographs or artwork. Still, you must include certain information. See our examples below.

Tables

The tables must be enumerated with the help of Roman numerals. The explanatory notes below the table are usually included if a student sees it as necessary. It should be done in Times New Roman or Arial font 10 in the same way as the footnote style

See this caption template:  

Table 1

Title of your table

[table itself] 

Caption

Source: Adapted from [7]. If you have no source, ignore this part. 

Figures and Equations

Please, note that the IEEE writing style only uses “figures” or “fig.” reference, which means that we cannot apply anything like “diagram” or “graph” for our citations. If referring to something specific in a table, add a lowercase letter in parentheses. See this template: 

[table] 

short description underneath

Fig. 1. Description. (a) note 1. (b) note 2. 

Speaking of equations, variables and numbers must be put in italics, while such elements as function names, words, units, or any abbreviations should be left in the usual style. Equations must be centered and mentioned with the help of Arabic numerals. Align them right and place them in parentheses. As you mention equation in your work, omit the word “equation” and use “As seen in (7)” instead. 

Photographs

[3] A. Surname, “Artwork Title”, Date of Creation, In Title of Book or Anthology, A. Surname, Ed. City, State, Country: Publisher, Year, Page(s).   
[5] J. Canterbury, “The Vicar’s House”, c. 1878, in English Architecture Art Anthology, N. Goodridge, Ed. Liverpool, UK: Cornwell Limited Press, 2004, p. 32. 

Artwork

[6] A. Surname, Artwork Title, Repository or Collection, City, State, Country, Date of Artwork. [Medium]. Viewed on: Month Day, Year.  
[6] J. Leyster, Self Portrait, Dutch National Gallery, Den Haag, The Netherlands. c.1630. [Oil on canvas]. Viewed on: October 1, 2020. 

4 Reasons to Use our Generator for IEEE Image Citations

  • It is completely free and allows you to reference as much as necessary without limitations. 
  • It is a great time-saver that lets you choose between media types and switch to books, journals, newspapers, or any online sources free of charge. 
  • You keep yourself safe from plagiarism that happens with a manual citation approach as you avoid formatting, style, or grammar mistakes. 
  • You can cite automatically by entering your URL link or do so manually with the information you have. Our IEEE generator will do the work for you! 

Try our online IEEE image citation generator for stress-free bibliography making!

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