It is barely possible to imagine college students writing a serious research paper that would not have to deal with APA style citation and format rules. American Psychological Association, is most commonly used in social sciences research papers. In our experience, we have seen students struggle with APA format style even after reading manual. Taking notes, researching this complex format style, we tried our best to put all available helpful citation information together.
Remember that even using APA citation generator, it is vital to understand all existing document format details. From in-text citations to References page and formatting rules, our free APA Citation guide with real-life examples aims to make citing challenges easier.
The latest APA citation format style refers to 6th edition, so we are going to focus on all the formatting rules that meet these latest style requirements. Turning to APA citations generator, learn from provided guide to see that text in italics like this is done intentionally!
In this case, follow author-date format, as in example:
Follow this example for two authors:
If there are more than two authors, use this example:
In your subsequent citations, only use:
Likewise, if there are more than six authors, only use:
When sources have no known author or an organization, cite it by title in a signal phrase. Alternatively, use the first word or two in the parentheses. Titles of books and reports are italicized; titles of articles, chapters, and web pages should be in quotation marks. If there is a well-known organization as an author that you refer to, follow this example:
In such case, for APA 6 style, use chapter or paragraph number, yet only if the chapter or a paragraph are clearly present in the original source. If it is not the case, the page number is not required.
Such authors are separated with a semicolon and are sorted alphabetically. Follow this example:
If such thing happens, provide first initials of both authors like in provided example below:
According to APA format rules, book’s title or an article like in example below:
Here each source is distinguished with an addition of a lower-case letter after publication’s year. As an example:
If page’s author is unknown, start with existing title instead. If publication date is not listed, use abbreviation (n.d.). Like in this example:
However, if you cite from an online periodical, the final result should look this way:
An indirect source is when you have a source that is also cited in a different source. If such challenge is faced, name original source in your signal phrase. Next, list secondary source in a reference list and include this secondary source in parentheses. As an example:
APA References page is where you have complete list of sources. They have to be sorted alphabetically. In APA style format, a second line of each source should have an indent that can be made with a TAB key. Note that ITALICS in each example are obligatory! Even when you use APA citation generator, make sure to check that indents are in place.
Format it this way:
Basic academic APA article citation format:
Citing most common web page types, follow this format:
If there is no author per se, use the (n.d.).
Encyclopedia citing example:
Citing an article in an anthology with several editors, follow this format:
Make sure to follow this example:
It should include poet’s name, poem title in quotes, book title (italicized), if available, name of the editor, city of publication, a publisher, publication year, and page’s number(s).
If cited poem is only available online and not published:
General reference format:
For personal interview citation, use:
According to APA manual, do not include personal communication in References list. Simply parenthetically cite communicator’s name, phrase “personal communication,” and date of communication in your main text only. See below:
For social media sources, Include title of the message, and the URL of source newsgroup or discussion board. Remember that titles for items in online communities (e.g. blogs, newsgroups, forums) are not italicized. If author’s name is not available, provide the screen name. If possible, provide the URL where cited message is archived (e.g. “Message posted to…, archived at…”). See this example:
For online blogs, always include message title with a working web link. Once again, titles for items in online communities (e.g. blogs, newsgroups, forums) are not italicized! If no author name is known, use the screen name.
For music recordings, citing format is:
For movies and video sources, see this example:
Youtube APA citation:
Presentation reference should include Author’s surname and Initial, Year of publication. Title, Format, Location. Example:
Conference citing in APA follows this format:
Using translated books, follow this template:
There are many more citation examples that you may easily get help with from APA citation generator or asking our APA format citation experts at EduBirdie.
Wrapping up APA citation guide, we want to remind that even if an ordinary college student uses APA citation generator, it is better to be safe and know APA format basic rules well. Even APA citation machine can make mistakes as a generator, EduBirdie expert writers won’t. Turning to writing experts, any student can receive timely help online 24/7 and choose skilled writer that will fit personal academic requirements and strict deadlines. Thanks to EduBirdie writing experts, students can follow these safety rules, including:
What do I do if required information for APA citation is missing? Can you help me?
Absolutely! Any citation type can be nailed down by EduBirdie writing experts. Choose the most fitting writer from experts list and share any challenging format tasks! You can also use our APA citation generator for help!
Can you provide me with an APA template and examples of Title Page and Abstract?
Yes! Our writers have helpful templates for any format and can assist you with format example, suited to particular assignments.
Can my APA paper be checked for accuracy?
Yes, this is what proofreading professionals do. Choose one of EduBirdie expert writers!
I have sources, but they are in MLA / Chicago / Harvard format. Can you help me turn them to APA?
Yes, such service is possible! Just share your sources and assignment’s requirements with professional writers and get things done in time! Additionally, such task is done by APA citations generator machine.
How to translate another language quote in APA?
Let’s review real-life APA translation example:
Original Dutch language passage:
Translated quotation that appears in APA paper:
In reference list, provide citation for chosen work in its original language. Next, provide an English translation of work’s title in square brackets after provided foreign-language title, without italics. An example for References page:
Where should I put APA citations in my research paper assignment?
As a rule, citation should be put right after some statement is made that has to be supported by quoting. Alternatively, a student is allowed to starting paper’s paragraph with quotes that support main idea that follows. In general terms, most college professors in the United States do not recommend putting citations at the end of assignment’s paragraphs. Use APA citation generator for help!