APA Website Citation Rules: How to Cite a Website in APA
It is hardly possible to imagine a research paper or any written assignment without digital sources and website references these days. From YouTube video citation to a website with no author’s name, this formatting style has specific rules. In addition to APA format website citation generator that we provide you with, our writing experts at EduBirdie have worked hard to present you with a brief APA citation format guide. It will assist you with formatting rules by showing both actual APA in-text citation website templates and the Reference page citation examples. Here, we focus on correct citation format, so get your digital sources ready!
APA Website Citation Rules and Examples:
Article on a website APA citation
When citing single web publications, articles or documents hosted online, APA format requires similar rules as it is in print content. If necessary, the URL entry can be made active. Any information about translators, publication date or editing should be included as with most print sources.
Website article with an author
Author, A. B. & Author A. B. (Publication Date). Page title [Formatting description]. Retrieved from https://www.address.com/
Jones, R. (2014). Nursing Theorists Analysis [PDF]. Retrieved from http://site.com
If a website refers to some publishing company, it has to be included and put in italics.
APA Citation Website with No Author
If web site article’s author is not known, start with a title, year, and proceed with a source or website’s name, finished with the URL. In APA citation for website that has only title, for both in-text and References, use this example:
(“Marine Moleculas,” 2016) Marine Moleculas. (2016). National Archive of Marine Sciences. Retrieved from http://www.site.com/
APA Citation Website With No Date
If there is no date of publication listed, use the (n.d.) abbreviation. As in example:
Nuclear Synthesis Made Easier. (n.d.). Website or Source Name. Retrieved from https://www.site.com/
Article from an online periodical with DOI assigned
In the latest APA, sixth edition, DOIs are given as alphanumeric strings that are the active links. Follow an exact format as presented in a source. If there is an older numeric string, use that.
The main formatting template is:
Author, A. B., & Author, X. Y. (Publication Date). Article Title. Journal’s title, volume number, page range. doi:0000000/000000000000 or https://doi.org/10.0000/0000
Article from an online periodical with no DOI assigned
In APA, if no DOI number is given, it is necessary to write the URL or any source information that will help to find and identify the article’s location.
Author, A. B., & Author, X. Y. (Publication Date). Article Title. Journal’s title, volume number, page range. Retrieved from https://www.journalhomepage.com/full/url/
Online scholarly journal article: citing DOIs
Due to online peculiarities when citing DOIs in online periodicals, it is necessary to avoid cross links and resolvers. If there are links to online libraries, look for a front page or footnotes where the DOI number can be found as it’ll help to create accurate APA website citation.
Online interview on website citation
If an online interview is not in audio or print form, such interview type is cited only in paper’s text as an in-text citation, but not in References page. As a rule, provide month, day, and the year.
As shown below:
(“Personal Interview,” March 13, 2011).
If an audio file or transcript are available online, it follows this format:
Anch, R. (Interviewer) & Sterling, R. (Interviewee). (2009). Business Management Outsourcing [Interview transcript]. Retrieved from XYZ website: https://www.site.com
Government documents on website
For APA website citation of government documents, follow this format:
Government Department (Year published). Document title (pub no). Retrieved from http://www.url.com
U.S. Department of Finances. (2009). Managing Tax Payments: A guide for Parents (DOF Publication No. 04-2340). Retrieved from http://www.site.gov
Book on a Website in APA citation
Electronic books or books published on a website relate to personal websites or databases.
This format is only used when it is not possible or difficult to find a book in print.
If not directly available online, use “Available from” instead of “Retrieved from”.
Include publishing date, if available, in parentheses, after specifying author’s name.
If DOI is available, it is provided at the end of a reference.
Michaels, J. (2018). The Indian Tales. Available from https://www.site.com
Social Media: Twitter, Instagram Facebook
Twitter handle (Tweet date). Tweet text [Twitter post]. Retrieved from Tweet URL.
As in example:
Scuba_Diver. (2009, June 24). This year scuba diving in Egypt has been… . [Twitter Post]. Retrieved from https://www.site.com
Account owner’s Last Name, First Initial or Username (Year, Date Published). Photo title [Photo description]. Retrieved from URL
If account owner’s full name and a username are both available, place full name first and then the [username] inside brackets right next. If there is an official title, place its description in brackets for APA style.
This example can be seen below:
Glacier Archive [@Glacierarchive]. (2018, January 3). [Photo of Northern Lights by Gustav Berg]. Retrieved from http://www.instagram.com/url/?taken-by=glacierarchive.
Username or Group Name. (Date or n.d.). In Facebook [Page type]. Retrieved Month Day, Year, from http://www.facebook.com/specificpageURL
Blog post citation on website
For APA website citation for blog, both message’s title and URL should be included. Remember that titles for items in online communities (like blogs, newsgroups or forums) are never italicized. If author’s name is absent, use the screen name instead.
R Cole. (2018, May 1). Abbreviations and slang online. [blog post #23]. Retrieved from https://www.site.com
Youtube or video blog entry APA citation
Since most creators of YouTube and online videos go by diverse screen names, include such information after the author’s name exactly as it is written (capital letters, if there are any), if available.
Author, A. A. [Screen name]. (year, month day). Video Title [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.url.com/full/url/
Image on a Website APA
To cite an image found online, use its title or a general description in a text. Then cite it using the first element in your References page and date. For an in-text citation:
The Thinker (Plateau, 1810) has puzzled art critics…
Creator’s last name, first initial. (Creator’s Role). (Creation Year). Image’s Title or description. [Type of work]. Retrieved from URL/database
Educational materials on Website
For APA website citation of educational materials, follow this format:
Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial., & Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Year). E-textbook title: Subtitle (Number ed.) [edition]. Retrieved from URL.
Presentation slides citation (для Alternative Section title – Presentation slides)
For any lecture notes and presentation slides, make sure to include the file format in brackets after placing a title. For example [PowerPoint], [Word document]. Follow this format:
Harley, V. Shakespeare’s Motives and Settings [PDF document]. Retrieved from XYZ Website: https://www.site.com
Since most encyclopedias and dictionaries do not provide author’s names, place entry’s title to the front. Provide publication’s date or use (n.d.), if there is none. For example:
Futurism. (n.d.). In Encyclopaedia Britannica online. Retrieved from https://www.url.com/
General Rules for Accurate Referencing
APA format stands for American Psychological Association, which is most commonly used for Psychology and Social Sciences writing assignments and research papers. According to Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association handbook, the latest is 6th edition. Here are additional APA website citation rules:
Using APA style, the brackets should directly surround one’s content without spaces. Like: [PDF].
Include the year, month, and date, in References page, if available.
If month and date are unknown, use publication’s year.
If you speak to an idea from some other work, yet not quoting directly, use only author’s name and publication year. Do not use page number in an in-text reference.
In Reference page, only the first word of a Title is capitalized. An example: Gospel hymns in Chicago.
Make sure to include relevant keywords from online sources in an Abstract page.
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Majority of the modern college students in the United States have to face 7-8 written assignments at once, which makes the References part time-consuming and way too challenging. Citing 10-15 sources in APA format can take more than an hour due to all checking and making sure that everything is alphabetically and in place. Keeping the fact in mind, the writing experts at EduBirdie came up with the APA citation generator, which can help you save time and work with any kind of sources automatically. Alternatively, available information can be entered manually.