How to Choose a Dissertation Topic: Complete Guide with Steps

Writing a dissertation is a significant milestone in any academic career: it’s a culmination of years of study, research, and dedication. That’s why you should pay extra attention to your chosen topic: it should reflect your interests and align with the academic program's requirements and expectations. When you pick a strong dissertation topic, it sets the stage for a compelling and rigorous study, contributing to the existing body of knowledge in your field. It showcases your expertise, passion, and ability to engage with scholarly discourse critically.

This article will provide you with valuable insights on how to choose a dissertation topic, exploring each step in detail and delving into its importance. 

Step 1: Understand what you’re being asked 

When you choose a dissertation topic, it's crucial to begin by thoroughly understanding the specific guidelines set by your department. You demonstrate your attention to detail and professionalism by carefully reviewing and adhering to them. It also helps you stay organized and focused throughout the writing process. Here are some points to keep in mind:

  • Take note of the word count, formatting style (e.g., APA, MLA), citation requirements, and any other specific instructions.
  • Be aware of any restrictions or limitations on dissertation topics. It could include ethical considerations, resource availability, or alignment with program focus areas.
  • Familiarize yourself with the timeline for completing your dissertation. Note any deadlines or milestones to ensure you can effectively plan and manage your research.
  • Create a checklist or spreadsheet to keep track of the requirements and ensure you meet them throughout the writing process. 

Step 2: Choose a field of research

Finding a field of research that aligns with your interests and academic background is paramount in choosing a dissertation topic. This way, you are more likely to stay engaged throughout the lengthy dissertation process. Do the following: 

  • Gather ideas that align with your interests and academic background.
  • Consider the potential for conducting in-depth research and generating new insights. 
  • Consult with your advisor or professors for guidance on choosing a field of research. Is it relevant? Does it have a potential for meaningful contribution?

Step 3: Find out more about your field

Before you choose a dissertation topic, take the time to study the field thoroughly. By immersing yourself in the topic, you position your research within the broader academic context and gain insights that will inform your study. Here’s how you can make it happen: 

  • Engage in extensive research to gain a comprehensive understanding of the chosen field.
  • Utilize reputable sources such as academic journals, books, and online resources to gather relevant information and insights — you can briefly review them to understand if you have enough resources to write a dissertation.

Step 4: Focus on one concrete topic

After familiarizing yourself with the field, narrowing a topic to a specific and focused area is important. It allows you to delve deep into a particular problem or aspect, allowing for a comprehensive analysis. These steps will help you find a dissertation topic: 

  • Identify a research gap, problem, or specific aspect within that area that you intend to address. 
  • Ensure that your topic is neither too broad nor too narrow, as you will need to spend a lot of time and resources resourcing and analyzing tons of information. 
  • Evaluate the availability of resources, data, and research opportunities for that specific topic. Ensure it is manageable within the timeframe and the expected dissertation length
  • Narrow your topic to a specific and focused area. For example, suppose the broad topic you’ve chosen is ‘climate change’. In that case, the title after you’ve narrowed it down should say something like: ‘Assessing the long-term impacts of rising sea levels and increasing temperatures on the biodiversity and resilience of coastal ecosystems in XYZ region.’

Step 5: Choose the research methodology

Picking topics for a dissertation involves selecting the appropriate research methodology. Carefully consider whether your research will be experimental, theoretical, qualitative, quantitative, or a combination of methods. The chosen research approach should align with your research questions and objectives, ensuring you gather data effectively and answer your research inquiries. Once you choose the one that suits you most, delve into available research methods that can contribute to the depth of your study. 

Step 6: Make sure it’s relevant & significant 

As you progress in your dissertation journey, assessing the relevance and significance of your chosen topic within the broader academic and research context is crucial. Here’s how: 

  • Analyze the existing literature and identify the specific gap or question your study aims to address. Assess whether your topic fills a void in the existing body of knowledge or offers a fresh perspective. As a bonus, some additional dissertation ideas can come to your mind. 
  • Reflect on the potential practical implications of your research and the key thesis. Think about how your findings can be applied or provide insights for real-world scenarios, industry practices, or policy-making. 
  • Determine whether your topic offers a novel and original contribution to the field. Assess if your study introduces new concepts, methodologies, or approaches that have yet to be extensively explored or applied before. 

Step 7: Ensure it's realistic

Before delving deeper into your research, assessing the feasibility of your chosen topic is vital. It guarantees that you can conduct thorough research and collect the necessary data, leading to robust findings and meaningful conclusions. 

  • Assess the feasibility of your topic by considering available resources, time constraints, and ethical moments.
  • Ensure you have access to the data and materials you need for chosen research methods.
  • Seek feedback from your advisor or peers to validate the plausibility of your research topic and methodology.

Step 8: Get approval and advice 

Approving a topic is a significant milestone in your dissertation journey. It provides validation and support for your research direction, which will help with dissertation editing in the future. The approval process allows you to engage in constructive discussions and receive valuable feedback from experienced scholars. Clearly articulate your objectives, questions, methodology, and potential contributions to the field.

By incorporating the feedback provided, you ensure that your research aligns with your program's academic standards and objectives, setting the stage for a successful dissertation.

In conclusion

Remember, each step in the dissertation process requires thoroughness, organization, and effective time management. Regularly communicate with your advisor or committee members for guidance and support. Additionally, maintain a consistent writing schedule, seek peer feedback, and use resources such as writing centers or workshops offered by your institution to improve your writing skills.


What makes a good dissertation topic? 

A good dissertation topic exhibits originality, relevance, manageability, and clarity. It should contribute new insights or approaches to the field, address a research gap or important question, be feasible to conduct within available resources and time, and clearly articulate the focus and objectives of the study.

How does a dissertation length vary?

It can vary depending on the academic institution, department, and field of study. Generally, a dissertation can range from 100 to 300 pages, but getting your specific program's guidelines for the required length is important.

Was this helpful?

Thanks for your feedback!

Related Blog Posts

Join our 150К of happy users

  • Get original papers written according to your instructions
  • Save time for what matters most
Place an order