Many students have difficulties when it comes to writing cause and effect essays. After all, this is an essay type that is based on an author's personal reflections, and when a teacher assigns to write such a paper, it is difficult to come up with anything coherent.
What is a cause and effect essay
A cause and effect essay is aimed to prove presence or absence of a connection between an event, a person and an object, and events or discoveries that have occurred. Here, interpretation of historical and scientific laws, one’s own experience, and various facts are in play. And sometimes this reasoning about cause-effect relationship is so subjective that it results in a paper having nothing in common with known facts.
Such essays are written in two cases. Either an examiner or a teacher needs to find out whether a student is capable of thinking or how he/she uses analytical skills in scholarly writing. In this case, abilities, general knowledge, and interests come first. Often, topics are determined by the field of science, morality, ethics or philosophy chosen by professor. And in rare cases, topic frames are not defined at all.
How to write a cause and effect essay
Wondering how to start a cause and effect essay? Here are some answers!
Write down the characteristics of assignment. Few tasks sound like this: "Write a cause and effect essay." In most cases, you will be required to analyze a specific historical, social or political fact.
The size of the essay. Double-check what to write about: a long or a short essay. Details and subject of discussion can take three to fifteen pages (in latter case, you need to conduct a detailed study).
Number of sources. Check if you have inquired how many sources are required to be studied.
The meaning of your cause and effect paper in accordance with the topic being studied. This concept is known as volume of your work. You need to find out which option suits you: a long essay in which your opinion is expressed, or a small essay whose topic is determined by your teacher.
Determine whether the cause was given and whether it was necessary to describe its effects or vice versa. Often, you will be given a known cause or effect and asked to determine their relationship.
- In some cases, you might be asked to determine the causes and effects of a particular situation, but in most cases, you will need to prove either the cause or its effects.
- Select reason or effect you want to write about. Make brief notes during research so that you have opportunity to choose out of several causes and effects.
- Analyze the reasons and effects that you want to prove. Carry out a detailed study to find convincing arguments that support your theory.
- Write a thesis statement of your essay. Thesis statement should contain relations that you plan to prove in the essay itself.
Divide your work into five paragraphs. These include an introduction, an explanation of the reason, an explanation of the effects, an explanation of their relationship and conclusions.
- You can break up your work into more paragraphs if necessary. Similarly, you can develop an argument.
List the facts following your cause and effect essay outline. Do not forget to quote sources, statistics, dates, data and other materials obtained during the research. Place them by the outline of essay in order to highlight reasons, effects and their interconnection.
Write an introductory part. Lay the foundation for future essay. Explain which aspects you will discuss. Add a thesis statement at the end of the first paragraph.
- Begin your cause and effect paper with a paragraph in which the reasons will be described. Number of required paragraphs will be determined by the number of points of view that you try to prove. In each paragraph, you need to zero in on a separate point of view.
- Explain conditions of the situation in paragraph, which describes its reasons. Illustrate circumstances with help of a solid argument.
- The task of the above provisions is to familiarize a reader with the situation and multifaceted approaches. You can push a reader to an understanding of correlations, which will later be discussed in your essay.
- Start a paragraph in which the effects will be described. Decide on the number of paragraphs.
- To each solid opinion, there should correspond one paragraph.
Pay attention to specific factors.
- In your cause and effect essay you should explain in detail how certain reasons led to specific consequences. Start with a general description, and then go into details.
- Illustrate examples with arguments. It is now time to express your opinion about the cause-effect relationship that you will explain in the next part of essay.
Devote one paragraph to explaining the importance of the cause-effect relationship. Explain the general meaning of your thesis statement.
Complete writing your essay by coming up with a final paragraph. Draw conclusions from what you have been able to prove. Explain the importance of such conclusions for modern world or a particular reader.
Reread the essay. Carefully check it by reading it aloud and writing a few drafts.
Cause and Effect Essay Writing Tips
- Titles: You can use title, in which you communicate your own view on the situation.
- Readers: Think about your readers. Is there something that can interest them the most?
- Topic Sentences: Each reason ought to be stated with the help of one sentence. In most cases, you will need to present 2-3 reasons as to why a reader will see your reason as valid. These will act as evidence for your topic sentences.
- Thesis: If you are specifically instructed to provide a thesis sentence, then you can write one sentence at the very beginning of your work.
- Opting for unique ideas: It is a good idea not to make your reasons and/or effects overly obvious to a reader. You need to come up with compelling ones that a reader would not ordinarily have in mind. Nevertheless, if your causes are rather familiar to your reader, you can provide some supporting evidence to make them more appealing without proving your causes conclusively.
- Support: Each of your reasons should be supported by solid evidence.
- Speculating About Causes: When it comes to cause and effect papers, the task is to guess the possible causes while making your guesses seem plausible without proving them conclusively.
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