Cyberbullying is a form of bullying or a kind of harassment using electronic means. Cyberbullying are also known as online bullying or cyber harassment[footnoteRef:1]. Cyber bullying has become more common among teenagers more than the adults. Cyberbullying is mostly done through social media and online web sites. Harmful bullying behaviour can include posting rumours, threats, sexual remarks, a victim personal information, or pejorative label. [1: ]
Bullying can be identified by repeated behaviour and an intent to harm. Victims may have lower self-esteem, increased suicidal ideation, and a variety of emotional responses, including being scared, frustrated, angry, and depressed.
Awareness in the US on cyber bullying has increased a lot in the year 2010, there are many case high cases based on cyber bullying in US. They have a specific several laws specific to cyberbullying. Some are designed to specifically target teen cyberbullying, while others use laws extending from the scope of physical harassment. In cases of adult cyber harassment, these reports are usually filed beginning with local police.
Many consequences has been removed in cyber bullying. Internet is one of the important reason for cyber bullying. Communication through internet has been increased a lot now days. Before the usage of social media there was no much cyber bullying, since the technology has improved a lot the usage of social media is more and the crime rate has increased equally. Internet trolling is a common form of bullying over the Internet in an online community in order to elicit a reaction, disruption, or for someone's own personal amusement[footnoteRef:2]. [2: ]
Cyber stalking is same as the cyber bullying or cyber harassment. Cyber stalking means stalking someone through online or through social media without their permission. This is also crime when it leads to threaten case. Not all negative interaction online or on social media can be attributed to cyberbullying. Research suggests that there are also interactions online that result in peer pressure, which can have a negative, positive, or neutral impact on those involved.
Definition of cyber bullying:
A frequently used definition of cyberbullying is 'an aggressive, intentional act or behaviour that is carried out by a group or an individual, using electronic forms of contact, repeatedly and over time against a victim who cannot easily defend him or herself.' There are many variations of the definition, such as the National Crime Prevention Council's more specific definition: 'the process of using the Internet, cell phones or other devices to send or post text or images intended to hurt or embarrass another person.[footnoteRef:3] [3: ]
Cyberbullying is often similar to traditional bullying, with some notable distinctions. Victims of cyberbullying may not know the identity of their bully, or why the bully is targeting them. The harassment can have wide-reaching effects on the victim, as the content used to harass the victim can be spread and shared easily among many people and often remains accessible long after the initial incident.[footnoteRef:4] [4: ]
The terms 'cyber harassment' and 'cyberbullying' are sometimes used synonymously, though some people use the latter to refer specifically to harassment among minors or in a school setting. [footnoteRef:5] [5: ]
Origin of cyber bullying:
There is no proper origin of cyber bullying. This has started in early 2000, where the smart phones were introduced and when the technology has increased a lot like the introduction of social media. The instances of cyberbullying grew when people realized that they could bully others online and get away with it – this interestingly coincides with the year Facebook became widely available to the public. Smartphones or other devices that take a user online whilst out and about have further increased the accessibility for bullies to contact victims[footnoteRef:6]. [6: ]
Objective of the study
- To know the concept and background of cyber bullying in India.
- To identify the process for which cyber bullying has been enacted.
- To study the practical problems and Prospective of the cyber bullying.
- To study and observe the awareness regarding cyber bullying among the people.
Effect of cyber bullying on teen is more than adults. It’s compared between two groups of peoples, whereas one is within 25 and other group of people is above 25.
Significance of the study
This work will help to know the awareness and legal provisions of cyber bullying, among the peoples.
Materials and methods
The necessary information of the study has been collected both from Primary Data and Secondary Data collection method.
The Primary Data is collected on the 100 respondents of 2 categories among the people. For that purpose, the researcher has designed a systematic questionnaire. The questionnaire was distributed to the respondents. The researcher has tabulated the data collected through filled questionnaire from sample 100 respondents.
The Secondary Data is collected from the published sources like books, journals, newspaper, websites, etc.
Chapter scheme of the study
The study has divided into the following Chapters
Chapter 1: Introduction and Methodology of the Study
The frame work of the study is mentioned in this chapter; that includes introduction of the theme, objectives, hypothesis and methodology is mentioned.
Chapter 2: Legal Provisions Relating to IT Act, 200O
This chapter explains with the various provisions and the statutory provisions relating to IT in other Indian laws and the harmful effects of cyber bullying
Chapter 3- Knowledge
Deals with the awareness level of cyber bullying among the peoples in the country.
Chapter 4: Involvement and Assessment
Deals with first-hand experience of the people who knew, involved in cyber bullying and its awareness. Their expectations and evolution that the people wish to be, i.e., it helps to reforms the society and the provides necessary information regarding
Chapter 5: Conclusion
This is a concluding chapter and typically deals with the findings of the sample collected and this Act in coming future would change many things in India, including people’s perceptions about government agencies and their attitudes. However, more needs to be done to make the act truly effective.