Creating an IEEE paper example: structure & formatting requirements

how to write ieee paper

In technical writing, adhering to established standards is paramount for clarity, credibility, and consistency. In this regard, IEEE offers a widely recognized framework for formatting research papers and articles in the field of engineering and related disciplines. Understanding how to write an IEEE paper is crucial for researchers, students, and professionals. Thus, in this article, we delve into its pecularities, dissecting the components in the structure of an IEEE paper example to provide insights and guidance for effective scholarly communication. Whether you’re a seasoned researcher or a novice writer, mastering this knowledge can elevate the quality and impact of your work.

What is IEEE format?

The acronym IEEE stands for the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, a renowned professional association dedicated to electrical engineering and other related disciplines. Established in 1963, IEEE emerged from the merger of two prominent American institutions: the American Institute of Electrical Engineers and the Institute of Radio Engineers.

The IEEE report format is a citation and formatting style commonly used in technical fields. It’s employed by students dealing with computer science, information technology, and engineering research topics. As a rule, it’s primarily applied in academic research papers, conference proceedings, journals, and technical reports.

How does it differ from other citation styles?

One of the key differences between the IEEE paper format and other styles (like APA vs MLA) is its focus on numerical citations in square brackets, typically referring to entries in a numbered list of references at the end of the document. Unlike other formats, IEEE style does not typically use footnotes or endnotes for citations. Additionally, it emphasizes using the appropriate technical language and mathematical equations, reflecting the nature of the disciplines it serves.

Another notable aspect of this format is its guidelines for the organization and presentation of technical content, including headings and subheadings to structure the paper and tables, figures, and equations to illustrate complex concepts.

The basic rules for IEEE formatting

Discover the essential requirements to follow when preparing an IEEE paper example for submission in a journal: 

  • Center the title at the top of the first page and use a 24-point type.
  • Arrange the text into two columns using Times New Roman font with a size of 10 points.
  • Begin the research with a byline, followed by an abstract and a list of keywords.
  • Position any figures, tables, and equations at the top or bottom of a column, avoiding placement in the middle.
  • Utilize appropriate heading styles for any section headings incorporated in the document.
  • Omit page numbers from the text.

IEEE paper template 

Understanding the nuances of each study section is crucial for ensuring clarity, coherence, and adherence to scholarly standards. Here is an in-depth look at the IEEE research paper structure and how to effectively write each part.

  • Title.

The IEEE cover page is the first point of contact for readers and should succinctly encapsulate the paper’s essence. It should be centered at the top of the first page in bold font, captivating the reader’s attention while clearly indicating the paper’s focus and scope.

  • Authors and affiliations.

After the heading, provide the names of all authors involved in the research, followed by their respective affiliations. In this part, each author’s affiliation, such as university, institution, or organization, should be clearly stated on the IEEE title page. If authors have different affiliations, use superscript numbers to denote them.

  • Abstract.

The abstract summarizes the research, encapsulating the study's purposes, methods, results, and conclusions. It serves as a paper’s snapshot, enabling readers to grasp the investigation’s significance and implications quickly. Thus, keep the abstract within 150-250 words to ensure brevity and clarity.

  • Keywords.

Following the abstract, include a list of keywords highlighting the main themes and topics the manuscript addresses. These keywords aid in indexing and searching for the paper in academic databases, enhancing its discoverability and accessibility to readers interested in the topic.

  • Introduction.

The introduction sets the stage for the research by providing background information, contextualizing the research problem or question, and stating the study’s objectives. Accordingly, it should engage readers’ interest, establish the research significance, and outline the structure of the IEEE format paper.

  • Literature review.

Refer to the relevant literature and previous research related to the topic. Also, analyze existing studies, theories, and methodologies to identify gaps in the literature that your manuscript aims to address. Using transition words, provide a critical synthesis of the sources to establish your study's theoretical framework and rationale.

  • Methodology.

Describe the methodology you apply in your paper, including the research design, data collection methods, and data analysis techniques. Besides, provide detailed explanations of how the study was conducted to ensure transparency and reproducibility. Plus, discuss any ethical considerations and the methodology’s limitations.

  • Results.

Present your research findings in this section, using figures, tables, and charts to illustrate key results and trends. Additionally, provide a clear and objective presentation of the data, avoiding interpretation or discussion at this stage. Lastly, organize the results logically by weighing every IEEE template word to facilitate readers' understanding and interpretation. 

  • Discussion.

Analyze and interpret your paper’s results in the research question or problem context. Then, discuss the implications of the findings, identify patterns or trends, and explore potential explanations for observed phenomena. After, compare your results with previous research and theories, highlighting similarities, differences, and areas for further investigation. If you need support when formulating this section, you may send your humanize my text request to our writing website and get effective recommendations.

  • Conclusion.

Summarize the main findings in your IEEE format template and reiterate the study’s significance in addressing the research question or problem. Here, offer insights into the broader implications of the findings and propose recommendations for future investigation or practical applications. End the conclusion with a compelling closing statement that leaves a lasting impression on the reader.

  • Appendices.

Prepare any supplementary material for submission, such as raw data, additional tables or figures, or detailed methodology, in the appendices. Thus, label each appendix with a letter (e.g., Appendix A, Appendix B) and refer to them in the main text as needed. Appendices provide supplemental information that enhances the reader’s understanding of the study without disrupting the flow of the main text.

  • Acknowledgments.

The Acknowledgement section, usually found after any Appendices and before the References, marks the end of the text. Usually, it should be written in the third person. When acknowledging individuals, use first initials followed by the family name, avoiding titles like Mrs., Mr., Ms., and Miss. Titles like Prof. and Dr. can be used individually and placed beside each name. Avoid mentioning financial support here; place such details in the first paragraph of the initial footnote.

  • References.

To avoid copyright infringement, list all sources cited in the manuscript using the IEEE paper style. Make sure to arrange them numerically and provide complete bibliographic information for each source, including author names, publication titles, journal names, volume and issue numbers, page numbers, and publication years. Ensure accuracy and consistency in formatting to maintain scholarly integrity.

Students often ask the universe how to write my research paper. Luckily for you, by following the structure and requirements outlined in this guide, students can effectively communicate their findings and contribute to the body of knowledge in their respective fields.

How to format IEEE in-text citations and references?

Citations are numbered sequentially in square brackets throughout the text, and the full references are listed numerically at the end of the document. Here’s a detailed description of an IEEE format example for in-text citations and references.

In-text citations:

  • Basic format: Use square brackets with a number to indicate the citation in the text. Place the citation directly after the quote or paraphrase.
    Example: “The Internet of Things (IoT) has revolutionized various industries [1].”
  • Multiple citations: If quoting multiple sources somewhere, separate them with commas.
    Example: “Several studies have explored the impact of renewable energy sources on the environment [2], [5], [7].”
  • Range of citations: Using a hyphen to denote the range for consecutive citations.
    Example: “Previous research has shown conflicting results [3]-[5].”
  • Citing specific pages: Include the page number after the citation if referring to a specific page or range of pages.
    Example: “This theory has been widely accepted in the field [4, p. 23].”

Reference list:

  • Format: References are listed numerically at the end of the manuscript, in the order they appear in the text.
    [1] A. Author, “Title of the Article,” Abbreviated Journal Name, vol. x, no. x, pp. xxx-xxx, Month Year.
    [2] B. Author et al., “Title of the Book,” Publisher, City, Abbreviated State, Year.
  • Journal articles:
    [1] J. Doe, “Emerging Trends in Artificial Intelligence,” IEEE Trans. on Neural Networks, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 123-135, Mar. 2021. 
  • Books:
    [2] A. Smith, “Renewable Energy: Principles and Applications,” Springer, New York, NY, 2019. 
  • Conference papers:
    [3] C. Brown, “Advancements in Robotics,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation, Montreal, QC, May 2020, pp. 45-50.
  • Websites:
    [4] “IEEE Citation Style Guide,” IEEE, [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Apr. 1, 2023].

Follow these guidelines meticulously to ensure accurate and consistent citations. If you need clarifications, you may pay for research paper and get professional assistance from writing experts.

Final thoughts

In this comprehensive IEEE formatting guide, we have meticulously outlined the fundamental elements and organizational framework necessary to facilitate clear and coherent scholarly discourse within engineering and its associated disciplines. Through an in-depth exploration, we have elucidated the essential components that contribute to the seamless presentation of academic work, providing valuable insights into the intricate process of manuscript preparation and formatting according to IEEE guidelines.

When embarking on your writing journey, remember that EduBirdie is here to offer guidance at every step. With our expertise and assistance, you can confidently navigate the nuances of IEEE formatting, ensuring your research papers adhere to the highest standards of excellence. Reach out to EduBirdie today and unlock the full potential of your scholarly endeavors!

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