Any college student who has ever faced the task of writing a typical college assignment knows that composing a good essay conclusion is no less important than choosing a suitable topic or coming up with a great thesis statement. Our guide will explain all the things you should (or should not!) do as you think about how to start a conclusion in an essay along with the mechanics of writing and examples. Reading through our guide, you will no longer fear the moment when your homework task only requires the final bit to be finished!
What is an Essay Conclusion?
Without a doubt, most of us know what a conclusion in a typical paper stands for, yet not many students know what has to be included and how exactly it must be approached. The thing is that the standard definition of any conclusion type will tell you that it stands for something at the end of your writing. Still, it must be noted that your conclusion is also
a summary of what you have learned and the listing of outcomes that you have achieved as a result of some research.
Include a powerful concluding statement, which must reflect the essence and the topic of your paper. Since the majority of college professors will take a close look at your conclusion of an essay, they will evaluate your unique opinion, fair judgment, unbiased attitude, some suggestions, literary devices, or your position that you could work out with the help of logical reasoning or the key facts that have been pointed out in your paper.
Therefore, it is so difficult to write a good closing sentence because it must be connected to your thesis and all the things that you have already mentioned in the preceding paragraphs.
As you think about how to write a conclusion that will work best, you must remember that
Even if a person starts reading your paper right from the final part, it should make sense and still explain your topic and all the crucial elements that make it important for you and for related research.
This way you can always check your writing and modify it accordingly because any college professor will check your paper for the good intro, the thesis statement, and the final part.
Do's and Don'ts on How to Write a Conclusion For an Essay
Before we dive into some deeper aspects of writing a good conclusion, we shall review the list of conclusion tips that will show you what to do and what to avoid when thinking how to write a conclusion for an essay.
- Summarize your entire paper.
- Show the readers what you have accomplished and what was the purpose of your paper again.
- Let your audience know that you could prove your thesis statement.
- Show the closure of your topic by naming the most important points in a simpler language.
- Provide hints and guidelines to inspire your readers for even more exploration.
- Add an emotional element to your conclusion paragraph to have a powerful impact.
- Include a call to action if you see it necessary.
- Avoid introducing any new ideas in your conclusion part.
- Do not repeat ideas from the last paragraph or in the same style. Try to word them differently.
- Do not copy your thesis statement.
- Do not make assumptions or ask questions that do not relate to your body paragraphs.
- Do not make your conclusion more than 10% of your paper's content volume.
- Talking about your thesis statement, put it in simple terms.
- Do not use any terms or expressions that may need an additional explanation or a quote to support them.
Keeping with these simple rules will help you with writing a conclusion paragraph without mistakes or any aspects that can lower your final grade!
How to Conclude an Essay Paragraph Outline Structure
Starting your conclusion paragraph, remember to make a brief outline structure in your mind before you write any sentence. Do not forget that keeping things within 10% of your text is not that easy. For example, if you have to write something with a 1600 words limit, then your conclusion part will be around 160 words only. Since it is quite difficult to fit all your thoughts, we decided to provide an outline structure that will help you see what must be included.
- Start with the crucial points of your essay. You can turn to your original outline or the task guidelines to see why it matters and what must be accomplished.
- Provide some importance of your subject in a practical scenario. For example, dealing with a Mechanical Engineering essay, you can provide some examples that will add life to your writing by making things relevant.
- Connect your conclusions with the topic paragraphs or continue where you have left off in the paragraphs that come before your conclusion part. While this trick may seem rather simple as you think about how to end an essay, it will add a logical continuation to your paper.
- Do not just summarize your writing but continue with a clever synthesis of things that you have learned. You can even link all your topic sentences and key statements in your conclusion part.
- Provide something unusual without introducing any new ideas by stating what you have discovered and how it can be helpful. It will add more meaning to your written assignment.
- Add some challenges to your writing by offering your audience to explore the topic. Make a call-to-action sentence, which always works, especially with socially-driven papers.
- Talk about why your paper is relevant today and what else could be explored.
- Pose a question to your readers and provide something valuable they can think about.
- Speaking of how to write the last sentence of an essay, you can ask yourself a question about what is the most important part of your work and provide your answer as the final sentence.
The tips above will provide you with the general structure that might fit within the majority of college essay topics. Of course, you may alternate what comes first for your particular case, yet it is recommended to keep within these guidelines and re-reading your assignment to determine that you have not made a mistake while learning how to write a conclusion for an essay.
Top Strategies for Writing a Conclusion
Finding the right words to start a conclusion may seem like rocket science to some college students, especially as we all feel exhausted by the time we reach the final part, yet one should not despair because you only have to implement one of the helpful strategies to get things done. Here are some conclusion examples to consider:
Predict Things to Come.
Think about something that may inspire your readers as you close down your paper. It may be approached just like a good movie's ending when they propose you to take a look into the future. It works the same way with your paper because any "will be relevant even in ten years" sentence might make sense if you make a clever assumption. For example, when you are dealing with special education of middle school children:
"Separating children with special needs from the rest of the class is not always a good strategy, which can be seen by many mixed classrooms where the children have learned more about responsibility. Such an approach is also a good way to bring up responsible citizens and inspire the youngsters to explore this subject more with each other and the family members. If we want to change the attitude to people with special needs, we must let our children be the ones who make a positive change by letting everyone feel equal."
Mimic Your Introductory Paragraph Writing.
This one may sound a bit tricky, yet do not let it frighten you! All you have to do is echo your first paragraph and create a logical full-circle completion. Here is how our conclusion sample would look in practice for Psychoacoustics paper:
"Introduction: Studying neural acoustics has been quite difficult for me when I started. My role as a sound engineer has always been limited to dubbing work and simple TV shows. Not knowing much about how the perception of sounds worked, I have entered this interesting college course purely out of curiosity. It has taught me a lot and has made me see that I must be responsible for the sound quality that I produce.
Conclusion: It is never easy to start with something new, which is why we must challenge ourselves as it is the only way to learn and develop. As a sound engineer, I could learn a lot and become more open-minded in the perception of sound in any kind of work that I take. My initial curiosity has helped me to become a responsible person and a better professional who works hard to deliver only the best."
Adding More Emphasis.
In some cases, as you think about how to make a good conclusion even better, you can approach your main thesis and thoughts from a different angle. Taking our previous topic samples, we see the following:
"Even though Psychoacoustics represents an interesting field of science, it is not a subject that anyone can handle. It took me a while to understand all the physical principles and mental aspects that a sound sculptor must take. One must enter a very different mindset and become responsible as one learns. It will always depend on your professional background and how you approach the science of sounds. Entering this course purely on enthusiasm has helped me to leave my comfort zone of being a sound engineer and start learning."
The Final Reinforcement.
Also known as the "clincher sentence", it is what helps students to reinforce the main essay idea by adding some twist to the writing or food for thought. It is safe to say that it works exactly the same way as your hook sentence for an introduction paragraph where you make your readers inspired and interested enough to continue reading. The purpose here is to keep your readers interested, which is why this sentence can be either at the very beginning of your conclusion paragraph or closer to the end. It must show a sense of being complete.
Likewise, you can add a famous quote for your essay conclusion or place a rhetorical question, especially when talking about controversial, environmental, or social issues.
How to Conclude Different Types of Essays
You might be wondering whether argumentative or analytical essays will have the same ending as you have made it to this paragraph. Of course, it will always depend on your grading rubric and the guidelines from your professor, yet some rules still apply. See these examples as you think of how to write an essay correctly:
Compare & Contrast Essay. Place emphasis on similarities and differences by highlighting what has surprised you and what was out of the ordinary. Provide some thoughts and history as to why you think it is so or what you have discovered regarding the underlying reasons.
Descriptive Writing. Use descriptive imagery and keep things emotional by summing up your ideas. Cover the most critical issues and provide a thought-provoking final bit to leave a good impression.
Personal Essay. Create a classic sense of reading a book by linking to your thesis part and recall the most powerful moment in simpler terms.
Informative / Argumentative Writing. Provide synthesis instead of a summary. When talking about your major facts and statements, reply to the question as to what difference does it make and what makes it matter to you and the others.
Narrative Essay Conclusion. Talk about the lessons that have been learned with a moral conclusion.
Lab Reports Conclusion. Describe the goals and the outcomes, talk about whether your methods have been successful, analyze the final data that has been received.
Research Paper Conclusion. Provide your thesis explanation in simpler terms and summarize the key ideas. Next, show why your work matters and how exactly, suggest some further research or make a call-to-action.
Most importantly, it has to be engaging and simple enough. Approach writing a conclusion as a short synthesis of all the most important things. Do it in a format as if you were to write a mini version of your college essay!
Learning By Essay Conclusion Examples
Without a doubt, it is best to learn by various conclusion examples that show how to get things done. Keeping this fact in mind, the Edubirdie team came up with an example that you can follow and brainstorm your ideas as you compose your next assignment.
In our essay conclusion example, we shall take Narnia Chronicles by C.S. Lewis and the religious significance.
“While we could see how philosophers and educators had their unique take on the legacy and perception of Lewis’s work, it is safe to conclude that the purity and narration style that goes way beyond the children’s book relates to Biblical references. It is the moral lesson that makes a difference as it is enchanted with a play environment where each aspect is made accessible yet filled with a moral lesson. It only proves that almost any children’s book has way more between the lines, something we are yet to find.”
- What makes a good essay conclusion?
A strong synthesis of your thesis statement and the lessons that have been learned or the outcomes that one has achieved.
- How long should a conclusion be?
Generally, it should be 10% of your total text. It should be stated in clear language with no new ideas.
- What is the best strategy for writing an essay conclusion?
It will always depend on your original structure and subject, yet the best strategy is to link your final paragraph to the body topic sentences and your thesis by using the "book conclusion" method.
- What does a concluding statement mean?
It is the last paragraph of your essay that provides a summary of your arguments in a shorter form. It explains why your essay matters and what you have achieved.