200+ Argumentative Essay Topics That Will Blow Your Mind

Updated April 2021

Argumentative essays are very popular projects in universities, especially in English composition, history, political science, etc. The reason why professors like to assign them is because they want to see how well you can reason and support an argument. This article will not only show you how to choose argumentative essay topics, but it will also teach you how to write the project, as well!

List of Controversial Argumentative Essay Topics 

Argumentative Essay Topics

What are the most controversial topics?

When it comes to controversial topics, these are often caused by conflicting ethical principles (e.g. euthanasia), by going against traditional values (LGBT rights, gender roles), by having to do with societal taboos, with delicate or painful issues/collective memories, by the existence of polarized groups in society having different beliefs/stances (e.g. religious groups, atheists, gun ownership supporters), etc.

Here are some topics that are appropriate for hardworking students who want to achieve the best grades:

Argumentative Topics for College

Argumentative essay writing is a crucial skill for every student. As a college student, you need to find a “controversial” or “gray-area” topic to argue against or for. Your argumentative essay should include deeply researched facts that will support your claims.

Argumentative Essay Topics for High School

Argumentative Topics about Family

The family is the fundamental unit of society which has direct links to the individual and influences/dictates many other higher level social processes/structures/hierarchies. Hence, its role for the individual and collective existence of humans is simply monumental. This makes it a topic worth researching and exploring from a sociological, cultural, psychological, etc. perspective.

Moreover, given the current cultural transitions characterizing liberal societies, traditional values on which families were build have known a dramatic shift due to a shift in gender roles, the recognition of LGBT rights. Thus, families nowadays are facing existential questions – many of the aspects we grew accustomed to are simply redefined (same sex marriages and parents). Here is a short list of argumentative essay topics related to family:

Society Essay Topics

We are all defined by the societies we live in. Whether we are aware of this or not, it slowly carves our personalities as we grow up, mature, age. This influence is exerted through the families we grow in, our friends or romantic partners, our teachers/ professors and academic colleagues, our professional contacts, the churches we attend, and through any other person we interact with on the street, on the phone, online. etc. A fundamental principle according to which society functions is “My liberty ends where your liberty begins”.

While this depicts the general spirit, every individual situation/ social relationship is characterized by peculiar circumstances that all need to be considered in order to reach a mutually satisfying solution (or at least a compromise). Last but not least societies worldwide are undergoing serious changes nowadays, that also need to be addressed. Find below a selection of argumentative essay topics related to society:

Argumentative Essay Topics on Immigration

Immigration is a controversial topic that has been discussed often in the last decade. This is what makes it perfect for an argumentative essay. It allows you to give strong reasons behind supporting, rejecting, or changing how immigration is handled.

Law Topic Ideas

To manage all the complexity of interactions happening in society (involving individuals, groups of people, property owners, employers and employees, commercial entities, criminals, foreigners) a clear and transparent set of rules had to be implemented - a fundamental prerequisite of every society starting with the most ancient ones.

Writing legislation, however, is an ongoing process and given the speed with which new technologies appear nowadays and the shifts in mentality we undergo, adopting the laws that help manage all emerging problems is quite a challenge. In fact, adopting a law might solve one problem but create others, so oftentimes, it is a cycle of trial and error.

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Ethics argumentative essay topics

Ethics deals with the challenge of taking right decisions from the standpoint of moral values. Oftentimes, it is involved when discussing conflicting subjects – those in which, at first sight, both conflicting positions seem to have a valid reasoning and seem to be driven by high moral principles.

By delving deeper into these problems, it is often possible to see additional layers, to learn about specific circumstances, typical case scenarios but also to dissect problems and reflect both on their causes and potential solutions. Here are a few argumentative essay topics on some ethically controversial issues:

History Argumentative Essay Topics

History can be viewed as the collective memory of humankind that typically records big or remarkable events affecting lots of people or signifying important societal, cultural, economic, etc. changes/transitions. The chief practical motivation for learning history is to never repeat the errors we made as a species in the past but the subject has also great intrinsic value, since it describes our evolution from hunter-gatherers to individuals living in extremely sophisticated societies.

Some major events on this road were the invention of laws, capitalism, money, state institutions, constitution, separation of powers in a state. Many recent historic events help understand current relationships/processes occurring between countries but also within societies. Check the following topics:

Health Argumentative Essay topics

Health topics can be very broad in their scope: these could discuss various medical conditions arguing in favor of new treatment approaches or revealing new evidence regarding the causes of certain diseases (e.g. allergy), problems faced by the healthcare system and ways to address them best, various medical practices, the influence of modern lifestyle on our health, myths about a healthy lifestyle (and their debunking), problems with untrustworthy medically-related information on the web and how to address the issue, etc.

Psychology Argumentative Topics Ideas

As a psychology student, you need to find interesting topics that are relevant to the field of psychology. Students need to use their psychology knowledge, research, and analytics skills to write essays with backed information that supports their claims.

Argumentative Essay Topics on Education

The role of education in shaping our future is obvious and direct given than current generations of students would be in positions of power within a few years and for the following few decades. Hence, the state/society should attend to the needs of current generations and ensure a harmonious and qualitative intellectual, moral, and physical development, while also ensuring that these generations are not only adapted to the requirements of these times but that they have the skills, wisdom, and determination to make things evolve in a correct direction (addressing current global problems).

Here is a list of topics:

Foreign Policy Topics

These topics have to do with international diplomacy including in relation to armed conflicts, frozen conflicts, commercial treaties and commercial wars, military alliances or cooperation, weapon commerce, peace-keeping operations, traditional and emerging ties between countries, and many others.

The foreign policy of a country is often determined by politics, national interests, economic circumstances, social issues (e.g. low tolerance against immigrants), values, and traditions, history of diplomatic ties. Feel free to check the essay topics below for inspiration:

Read also: 90 Best Capstone Project Ideas 

Economics Argumentative Essay Topics

A strong economy is essential for the well-being of a nation since it is the engine for individual prosperity, for infrastructure projects benefiting millions, for well-financed medicine, education, military, which, in turn, is the warrant of national safety.

Argumentative essay topics related to economy could deal with policies regarding economic development (tax cuts vs increased taxation for big corporations/small and medium enterprises, protectionism vs joining free trade treaties), socio-economic doctrine (socialism/communism/capitalism), the investigation of reasons behind economic crises, indices of a strong economy, how to solve economic problems in developing countries.

Military Science Topic Ideas

According to a popular saying, “if you don’t want to feed your own army, be prepared to feed the enemy’s army” – this summarizes the role played by the military for any given nation. While, according to the statistics of the last decades, we seem to be moving away from wars, these still occur and given the weaponry of today, they can be very destructive.

Nowadays, military science is not only resumed to the use of strategies and tactical maneuvers, but also to the mastery of a number of advanced technologies (nuclear weapons, drones, AI-powered devices, lasers, satellites).

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Sports Argumentative Essay Topics

Are you a sports fan? Even if you are not, you can still pick relevant and interesting subjects to discuss and explore in your upcoming assignment. First, you will have to choose your position and makes sure that you have a clear idea of your thesis statement. Later on, you will have to come up with relevant evidence to support the other side of the argument. Check this list of controversial essay topics:

6th-grade Topics Ideas

For a 6th-grade student, picking the right topic for the upcoming essay can be a real challenge. Although you might think that you are better off when your teacher assigns the topic, it is interesting to make a choice on your own. Here are some topics that are appropriate for hardworking students who want to achieve the best grades.

8th-grade Argumentative Essay Topics

Technology Argumentative Topics

Technology plays a crucial part in our lives, and this role keeps on growing every single day. The technological breakthrough is currently improving the quality of life for millions of people but is also changing life as we know it. Here are some controversial topics to write about:

Social Media Argumentative Topics

The rise in popularity of different social media platforms caused a lot of changes across the globe. For starters, memes and trends spread too fast that one single meme can be viewed and shared by millions of people in one single hour. Privacy, safety, and social responsibility are becoming extremely important as more people are relying on social media to communicate, study, work and affect the lives of others.

Funny Argumentative Essay Topics

Who said that education shouldn’t be fun? Picking the right funny topics is going to spice up the atmosphere in class and stir up a few laughs. Here are some ideas to think about before you decide on the topic of your next task.

These lists provide amazing ideas that you can use in your upcoming assignment. Browse them and make sure that you choose a relevant one to discuss in your writing.

What are good topics for college essays?

Good college essays may explore problems or challenges faced by students or youth, career choices, educational opportunities, inspiring people, but also global or local challenges faced by current generations of students, the dangers and potential they will be exposed to, the change they need to bring into this world, etc.

In addition to these being good topics for argumentative essay, they can also be very good argumentative speech topics, too!

The Principles of Formatting Academic Papers

Academic papers are normally required to abide by a specific formatting style that is characteristic to the field (APA, MLA, Chicago, Harvard, etc.). This preference for a given formatting style is primarily dictated by the nature of content and the type of in-text citations, bibliography, page header, or footer format that works best with such content.

Thus, MLA uses the author-page number format for in-text citations and lists the first names of the authors in the bibliography section – this makes it better suited for precisely referencing information in humanitarian subjects, characterized by long works written by one or a very small number of authors.

By contrast, APA uses its author-year format and is thus better suited for sciences. Mentioning the year as part of in-text citations makes it easy to visualize the chronology of research cited in the paper. At the same time, APA collapses first names in the bibliography section which is very handy when the number of authors is big which is often the case for scientific publications. Finally, providing page numbers in this case makes less sense given that scientific publications are typically short and often published in online documents without explicit numbering.

To take a shortcut and save lots of time, you could download and use templates for the appropriate formatting styles. The most basic elements required by a given format would be accounted for in these templates: margins, font size, page headers, indentation, first level and second level headings, format of bibliography sources, page numbering, occasionally, footnotes and endnotes, title pages, etc.

How to Prepare Your Essay

There are multiple steps you should take in order to write essay of excellent quality.

  • Research your argumentative essay ideas

Whatever topic you choose, you are going to have to do some reading up on it, because chances are that you don’t know as much about the subject as you think you do.

The best research strategy is to find five reputable sources that support your argumentative essay ideas, and read them each while taking down annotations on the sections you find relevant. For each source you use, write down the title of the book, the name of the author, and the publishing information, as well as the page numbers which you took information from. This will come in handy when you are putting together your bibliography.

  • Brainstorming

In order to organize your thoughts, you should engage in a brainstorming exercise called pre-writing. Get out a piece of paper and a pen and start scribbling down every thought related to your project. Go through this list you’ve created and eliminate any idea you wrote down that you believe won’t help you, and keep those you can use. Eventually you will have a list of words and sentences that you can use to formulate the text of your essay.

  • Outlining

Outlining is when you organize your text before you begin writing. On a blank piece of paper, write your thesis statement down, and underneath it, write small sentences that summarize what you want to say for each paragraph in your main body. As for your conclusion, write a small sentence in plain language that restates your argument, demands a call-to-action, or leaves a warning. When you have a completed argumentative essay outline, you will have a step-by-step guide that you can follow until you are done writing.

  • Writing

Once you begin writing about your argumentative research paper topic or social issues essay topic, follow the structure you wrote down as best as you can, but at the same time, don’t be a slave to it. You are the master of your work, and if you believe that you should try something different in your paper than what you have written in your outline, by all means do it.

Do not do all of your writing on the same day. Work on your project a little bit at a time so that you don’t have to cram to get everything done at the last minute. If you have to write your entire essay in one day, do your best to give yourself breaks so that you don’t burn out.

  • Proofreading

When you are done with your essay, you must not only check it for grammatical errors, but it must also be checked for logical fallacies

To sum up, when writing your argumentative essay, you would typically do the following: identify reliable sources addressing the topic, write down all relevant bibliographic details to identify the sources later; research your question search for evidence supporting your arguments and refuting or supporting your counterarguments, take notes in the process. brainstorm for ideas to be included in the paper; outline the structure of the essay; do the writing; and proofreading.

Structure

Every professor pays attention on the structure of the submitted essay, especially argumentative one. That is why you should master it and be confident while writing texts. Here is a basic argumentative essay structure for you to follow:

  • Introduction

The introduction is where you introduce your topic to the reade. Here you should write a thesis statement, a one to two sentence statement that summarizes the position you will take in your essay. Do not start from the behind, be logical, narrow down your thought and be straightforward. Thesis statement is the most important part of an essay as it shows your position regarding the topic. Demonstrate your attitude towards the topic and support it with the arguments in the body paragraphs.

  • Main body

Here you must present valid evidence to support whatever claim you made in your thesis statement. Place this information in this part of your composition in a manner that seems logical to you, and also make sure you are presenting your supporting facts in a manner that your audience can understand. Start every paragraph with a topic sentence, that supports the thesis. Continue with the evidence you found in outside sources. You can provide a direct quotation or paraphrasing. Remember to cite it properly in order to avoid any plagiarism accusations. Later on, interpret this piece of evidence, show how you understand it and how it relates to the topic you disclose. Continue the paragraph with the concluding sentence, providing a short summary of the paragraph along with a transition to the next passage of the essay.

  • Refutation

After presenting the evidence for your argumentative essay topic and backing up your claims, you must then refute the arguments of your opponent. Use evidence such as statistics and expert opinion that contradicts and disproves the position of your opponent. Do not be afraid that it will worsen your own position regarding chosen topic. In contrast, it’ll help demonstrating your ability to contradict arguments of the opponents and stick to your opinion.

  • Conclusion

Once you have presented your evidence and have refuted the positions of those holding an opposing viewpoint, it is time to write your conclusion. You can do several things with your conclusion. You can restate your argument, which is a very common practice amongst essayists. You might also consider calling on your audience to engage in a specific action or behavior - a call-to-action. Also, you can leave your audience with a warning, telling them that there might be dire consequences if they do not take your arguments seriously.

What are the 5 parts of an argumentative essay?

A standard argumentative essay could consists of 5 parts/paragraphs: a paragraph containing the thesis (the claim), 2 paragraphs with supporting arguments/evidence, a paragraph listing potential counterarguments along with their rebuttal, and a paragraph with a persuasive conclusion.

Tips for Choosing Good Argumentative Essay Topics

Which idea should you go for? Theoretically speaking, we can say that the sky is the limit; however, there should be certain guidelines while deciding on your next brilliant idea to write about in your upcoming essay or paper.

  • It Should Be Interesting:

The idea of your next piece of writing should be debatable. This means that you should be able to do the necessary research to find different opinions concerning the idea you have chosen. This topic should be interesting to you, your professor and the audience who will most likely read or listen to your essay. It is difficult to write about a topic that you personally find boring or dull. Since you have an opportunity, you should use it wisely. The more interesting your idea is, the better you will be able to write about it. You should also make sure that you have the knowledge needed to work on your writing. Being able to choose your own idea gives you a good chance to excel.

  • Avoid Using Pure Facts:

An interesting argument essay should be controversial. You shouldn’t depend on pure facts because the purpose of your assignment is expressing an opinion. College and school students might be tempted to rely on facts, but to make a good argument, you should state what you think. Researching to find appropriate argumentative essay ideas will take some time but is totally worth it. You should also do some brainstorming to be able to come up with relevant evidence to include in your task.

  • Your Topic Shouldn’t be Too Wide:

When you look for controversial topics, you might be tempted to choose subjects that are way too broad to discuss. This can be a real problem when you are writing because you will get lost. The more specific your essay or paper is, the better the quality of your writing will be. A very wide topic is going to be confusing for you as well as your audience.

  • You Shouldn’t be Biased:

There are a lot of issues that typically interest you. But while picking one, make sure that you don’t have extremely strong feelings towards it. When you are working on the proposal of your writing, try to choose a subject that is not too sensitive and touches you on a personal level. The purpose of your writing is to provide your audience with a persuasive piece of writing. By picking the right subject and working on your thesis statement, your essay will have relevant evidence that makes it worth reading.

  • Work on your Evidence:

Just because you believe in something doesn’t necessarily mean that it is good enough to be included in your writing. It is crucial to back yourself up with the adequate supportive pieces of evidence to make a valid point of view. You should spend the time to do adequate research to provide enough evidence for your opinion and the opposing one at the same time. This proves that you have worked hard to support your argument by using reliable information.

  • You can Take the Risk:

Topics for argumentative essay should be special and unique. This is your chance to stand and pick something that others might have tried to avoid. Don’t be scared to take the risk if it is properly calculated. Common themes are way too boring and will not deliver the message you mean to send to your audience. But if you are going to choose a unique and controversial topic, you should make sure that you can provide enough information. Include enough data to argue for both sides of the argument.

Read also: 60 Narrative Essay Topics for Students

Use Our Argumentative Essay Ideas and Tips to Get Higher Grades

With the help of our random essay topics generator and our interesting list of topics, you are guaranteed to get a high grade! But, if time is running out, and you have better things to do than write boring essays, the professional writers of EduBirdie can provide you with high quality argumentative essay writing help, buy nothing day essays or they can do your paper for you! Contact our customer service representatives today and get prompt answers to your questions.

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