It is usually easy for people to understand cause-effect relationships. A student who has not done his homework understands that this may result in some kind of penalty. Cause and effect essay is an academic form of writing that aims at clarifying cause-effect relationships like this one in a manner that tells how one event leads to another event. Although US students learn to write cause and effect essays in high schools and colleges, skills they gain serve them well even when they pursue higher education or transition to workplace. Take a look at content that follows to find out more about cause and effect essays, their organization patterns, and purposes they fulfill.
What is a Cause and Effect Essay and How It Differs from Other Essays Types
Have you ever tried to explain to someone reasons why you behave in one way or another? Or have you discussed some event? This is exactly what a cause and effect essay does. It explores either reasons due to which some events or situations occur or consequences of some things and events that are already in place. Although name “cause and effect essay” suggests that both causes and effects are examined, students often have to choose on which factors to focus most. The choice depends on topic and your own preferences unless task has already been provided by teacher. If your professor likes to provide students with freedom of choice when it comes to topics, we have some good cause and effect essay topics you can use right now.
If you consider comparing a cause and effect essay with other essays types, you will easily notice differences. Specific structure and approach to reasoning distinguish this kind of essay writing from other essay types. Although some students may confuse cause and effect essay with a reaction/response essay. They are comparable in the way they present reasoning to stated opinion. But these two essays pursue different goals, and transitional words and phrases that students use in cause and effect essays often clearly distinguish them from reaction/response papers.
Tips for Proper Essay Structure
So, how to write a cause and effect essay? Like any other work, your cause and effect essay should have three basic structure components: introduction, body, and conclusion. Introductory essay paragraph should attract readers with a hook. You may use an anecdote, bold opinion, statistic, or unusual fact to fulfill this aim. The introduction should also clearly explain your writing purpose in a well-worded thesis statement. You should mind that good cause and effect thesis statement tells not only what essay presents but also how it does it.
Each body paragraphs should have a topic sentence, that presents cause and effect paragraph content, as well as explains how it relates to thesis statement. Also, each paragraph should discuss only one theme, be it cause or effect, bringing evidence relevant to this theme. Body paragraphs should contain transitions clarifying essay focus and explaining links between examined notions.
In concluding paragraph, you should summarize specific essay points and restate your thesis statement using words other than in introduction. In conclusion, you should reassert opinion regarding discussed causes and effects sequence. EduBirdie writers know exactly how to make your cause and effect essay really appealing, so you can ask them for essay help online.
Read Also: What’s Costco Essay and How to Write It?
Organization Patterns for Cause and Effect Paper
When it comes to cause and effect essay writing, structure is very important. You will reveal your opinion more effectively with a well-thought-out organization reasoning. Depending on essay focus, its structure varies, and EduBirdie prepared for you three major organization patterns you may use to write the best essay. Two these methods are frequently applied in high school and college writing. Third method is not that widespread, but in some cases, you may benefit from using it. When deciding on structure of your future paper, consider topic and ask yourself which of two things you want to do: 1) to explore effects or 2) to examine causes. Depending on your response, you should choose one of following options of essay organization:
- Effects-Focused Method
Essay that focuses on effects analyzes how one or usually more effects result from a particular cause. If you choose this organizational pattern, you will need to explain in separate paragraphs several effects of a certain situation or event (your chosen cause).
- Causes-Focused Method
If you choose this pattern of organization, you will need to explain how one or usually more causes lead to a single effect. This structure type suggests that each cause will be examined in a separate paragraph.
There is one more approach to structuring a cause and effect essay. It is not as popular as mentioned two, but in some cases, it may turn to be just what you need:
- Causal Chain Method
Apply this pattern when you need to explain “domino effect” of how events lead to one another. This structure requires you to devote each body paragraph to an event caused by some other event and leading to one more event. Causes should build a chain, uniting the first and the last event in a logical sequence, which explains cause and effect process. If I had no time to decide which pattern of organization fits my topic best, I would ask EduBirdie for a time-saving solution: I would choose professional writer who would write a paper for me.
Cause and Effect Essay Outline
Like other essays, cause and effect paper can adhere to standard five-paragraph structure. You may always add more body paragraph if your topic is too complex to be discussed in such a limited number of paragraphs. For US high schools and local colleges, this number of paragraphs is often enough, so you can use sample outlines when planning your own paper structure.
Peculiarities of such essay components as a thesis statement and cause and effect paragraph often depend on essay’s focus and your choice of structure. Do you want to find out how thesis and body paragraphs change depending on focus? To clarify this point, EduBirdie has prepared two brief sample outlines that illustrate differences. You should either use one of them or ask EduBirdie for a ready-made detailed cause and effect essay outline that addresses your topic.
Hook: The United States is most obese country in North America with more than 36% of population having a body mass index of more than 30.0.
Thesis statement: Many suffer from obesity in the US because they watch too many commercials, buy cheap fast food, and play too many video games.
Body paragraph 1. Watching too many commercials contributes to obesity in the US, because viewers believe adds and buy foods that are actually bad for their health.
A. Commercials influence decision-making.
B. Commercials promote foods that contain too much sugar.
Body paragraph 2. Cheap fast food consumption is another factor that contributes to obesity.
A. It is easier to get fast food because it is cheap and available.
B. Fast food is harmful, as it contains fats that are not good for health.
Body paragraph 3. Because people play too many video games, their lifestyle becomes sedentary, and they gain even more weight.
A. Video games attract many people, who already have extra weight.
B. Video games consume much time, leaving no room for active sports.
If people in the US did not buy unhealthy products promoted in commercials, consumed less fast food, and spent less time playing video games, they would get rid of problem of obesity.
Hook: Climate change is a modern plague.
Thesis statement: It leads to the sea level rise, contributes to the extinction of species, and negatively affects health.
Body paragraph 1. Climate change accelerates sea level rise.
A. Glaciers shrink
B. Melt-water flows into the ocean to increase sea level
Body paragraph 2. Species extinct because of changing climate conditions.
A. Climate change influences an increase in temperature
B. Species extinct because of unfavorable environment and droughts
Body paragraph 3. Climate change negatively affects the health.
A. Heat waves become longer because of climate change
B. People suffer from droughts and extreme temperatures
Climate change is a major cause of sea level rise, extinction of species, and negative effects on human health.
These outlines are very brief and you may want to find out more about process of writing an outline. EduBirdie explains how to write an outline for a research paper in great detail, and you can easily adjust these guidelines to your case and effect essay outline.
Examples with Explanations
If you are looking for cause and effect essay examples for college, EduBirdie has some for you. Go ahead and check how basic patterns of organization can be used to develop strong cause and effect essays.
- Causes-Focused Method
The United States is the most obese country in North America with about 36% of population having a body mass index of more than 30.0 [statistic]. Largely, this situation is caused by choices we make in their everyday life [clarification of focus]. Many suffer from obesity in the US [effect], because they watch too many commercials [cause 1], buy cheap fast food [cause 2], and play too many video games [cause 3].
Watching too many commercials contributes to obesity in the US because viewers believe adds and buy foods that are actually bad for their health [topic sentence 1]. Commercials influence decision-making. Many consumers decide to buy products just because they saw them on TV, without considering effects these products have on health [evidence 1]. Given that commercials promote foods that contain too much sugar, tend to make unhealthy food choices when they blindly listen to commercials [evidence 2]. Unfortunately, modern ads are so convincing that it is hard to ignore them, which aggravates problem of obesity [concluding sentence].
Cheap fast food consumption is another factor that contributes to obesity [topic sentence 2]. It is easier to get fast food because it is cheap and available. [evidence 1]. People can buy it roughly everywhere. Still, fast food causes obesity because it contains fats that are not good for health [evidence 2]. The more people prioritize fast food over healthy diet, the more obese they become, especially if their lifestyles are not active enough [concluding sentence and transition].
Because people play too many video games, their lifestyle becomes sedentary, and they gain even more weight [topic sentence 3]. Video games attract many people, who already have extra weight. It is easier to watch avatar on screen than to participate in sports [evidence 1]. Eventually, video games consume much time, leaving no room for active sports, and this makes people more obese [evidence 2]. Lack of physical ability only contributes to weight-related problems [concluding sentence].
If people in the US did not buy unhealthy products promoted in commercials, consumed less fast food, and spent less time playing video games, they would get rid of problem of obesity [restatement of thesis statement].
- Effects-Focused Method
Climate change is a modern plague [bold opinion]. It has plenty of negative effects, some of which are particularly disturbing [clarification of focus]. Climate change [cause] leads to the sea level rise [effect 1], contributes to extinction of species [effect 2], and negatively affects health [effect 3].
Climate change accelerates sea level rise [topic sentence 1]. It makes glaciers shrink at an unprecedented pace [evidence 1]. As more ice shrinks, melt-water flows into ocean and increases sea level [evidence 2]. The rise of sea level represents a threat to inhabitants, both people and animals, of coastal areas.
Species extinct because of changing climate conditions [topic sentence 2]. Climate change causes an increase in temperature [evidence 1]. Species become extinct because of unfavorable environment and droughts [evidence 2]. Even people who have more means to adjust to changing conditions have reasons to suffer [transition].
Climate change negatively affects health [topic sentence 3]. Heat waves become longer because of climate change [evidence 1]. As a result, people suffer from droughts and extreme temperatures [evidence 2].
Climate change is a major cause of sea level rise, extinction of species, and negative effects on human health. It is important to address causes of climate change to eliminate its negative effects.
A Good Deal of Advice
We defined what cause and effect essay is, explained its purpose, and examined its structure. We also considered several approaches to organization of reasoning in cause and effect essays. Together, we examined several examples that illustrate the application of each approach. If all this information is too complex for you to grab it at once, you can choose another option, as EduBirdie has many professional writers who write papers for money online.
If you are too constrained in time because of busy curriculum, EduBirdie writers are ready to help you. EduBirdie is a special platform. Unlike other companies, it has a bidding system and allows you to choose writer you want on your own. You can also choose price that is most acceptable for you among many bids you will get after placing an order. So get your original cause and effect essay and try all benefits of EduBirdie.