The secret to knowing how to write a response paper is in understanding what is expected of you. You write this particular type of assignment regardless of the original paper you have to respond to. If we put it simply, the purpose of this task, as you will learn in our response paper guide, is to provide your reaction and analysis regarding what you have read (or seen) based on an article, a book, a movie, or any other type of material dealing with a particular subject or an event.
What is a Response Paper?
In the majority of cases, the students are asked to write an essay related to a book or a journal article studied through the course. One should use the first person in a response paper, yet it is necessary to keep things professional and remember the purpose of the original paper. Without a doubt, it can easily get challenging to write a good response paper but it will always depend on how well you understand the material.
It is not enough to say "I agree with ideas encountered in the article" or that "the author has a good writing style." You must also provide supporting evidence and actually respond to what you have studied. Always implement an explanation of relationships between the author's purpose and the ideas that have been presented. If something has helped you to understand the writing, write a response about it as well. You have to respond or reflect using a clear tone. Since the typical response paper will have the classic five-paragraph structure, it also makes it relatively easier to structure one's thoughts when learning how to write a response paper.
The Steps Necessary For Writing a Response Paper Correctly
As we learn how to structure a response paper, it is necessary to remember that you should not just summarize what has already been stated in other words but show your attitude to what you have read through the lens of your vision, beliefs, and perception. It must be written in the first person, which means that you must analyze and brainstorm the ideas while being creative to a certain point.
Here are the steps to consider as you begin:
- Read The Provided Material Twice. It is vital to read your text more than once to understand what has been written. See the purpose of the book or journal in question and identify the important points. It is best to keep some notes to stay focused. Do not think about formatting just yet as the trick is to collect the vital information.
- Set The Response Paper Topic. Thinking about how to start a response paper, Identify the aspect that interests you the most. It will serve as a thesis statement and a topic that makes you inspired and reflects your opinion (thoughts). For example, it can be something meaningful about the text or your attitude to what you have liked or disliked. Alternatively, it can deal with an assumption that you have made after the reading or a question that you would like to explore. In any case, it must be informative and related to the original text
- The Response Paper Introduction. It should have a hook sentence that will both introduce the paper and pose your main point. It must be clear that you are writing the response essay. State your thesis statement to give a taste of what is to come next.
- The Body Paragraphs. As you write a response paper, discuss the subject by providing evidence from the original text. Remember to use relevant quotes and construct your ideas logically without jumping between them without transition words. If your thesis deals with more than one idea, dedicate one paragraph per idea and avoid placing frequent headers.
- Conclusion. Knowing how to finish a response paper is crucial. This is where you have to summarize all the major points and provide a concluding analysis. Make it as brief as you can, yet answer the famous "So what?" question as you sum things up. Avoid any new ideas just like in any academic writing task’s concluding part.
Finally, remember to proofread and edit your response essay. It will contain quotes, references, repetitions, grammar mistakes, and those sentences that will be wordy. Take enough time and ensure that your paper sounds logical and follows your thesis until the final sentence.
The Response Paper Format and Structure
Since the majority of requests that we receive at EduBirdie relate to how to write a response to a book, we shall take "The Things They Carried" by Tim O'Brien dealing with the short related stories taking place during the Vietnam War. As we shall proceed, pay attention to the structure with response paper examples for each part:
Part 1: This is where you have to provide a brief summary of the book or paper in question.
- Summary. "The Things They Carried" by Tim O'Brien is a collection of deep and emotional interconnected stories that depict the group of American soldiers during the Vietnam War. It speaks of real-life experiences with some fictional aspects and philosophical elements as the stories speak in metaphors and allegories where even the "things carried" represent a collection of emotions, memories, acts, and even the lines of poetry as the matters of love, trust, and betrayal are explored.
- Topic Sentence. "The Things They Carried" is not a book about war experience per se because it is the exploration of necessities a human being has where every pound is a metaphorical reference to the burdens and responsibilities of life.
- Thesis Statement. The stories represent a powerful reflection of the allegorical mental bag that we all have with us, which is cleverly exposed in every paragraph, making this book a sincere display of processes that happen inside a group of different people as they are placed in extreme conditions of war.
Part 2: This is where your response takes place.
- Your Reaction. The book has made me reflect on my personal military service outside the United States in Germany, which has been in a peaceful environment, yet it has taught me an important lesson about analyzing the things that I carry myself. Just like every person who has been through military service, this book will hit close to home. It is an emotional collection of truths through the eyes of different, often opposite young people.
- First Paragraph. The figure of Lieutenant Cross is not only that of fear but of a person who sees the war as the passage to a different life as he tries to focus on his love for Martha. It shows that the burdens he carries are always attached to the past where the present is just a picture that will eventually change.
- Second Paragraph. The role of the pounds in the book plays both practical and metaphorical roles as we can see the presence of comic books, which is not typical for a classic soldier’s supplies. It brings up a psychological aspect of having something that would heal those "really bad wounds" as the author notes.
- Third Paragraph. The military aspects of planning and strategy play an important role since every character is described in terms of not only their physical features but also the set of skills that becomes necessary in practice. It makes people question their values and shake off the fear and apprehension.
- Conclusion. The book by Tim O'Brien is a mental exploration for every person regardless if they have been in military service or not. It is an honest reflection where every person can find something to respond to, which makes it especially relevant to me as I look back upon my life.
This is only the basic example of how to deal with the structure by keeping all the critical points there. Of course, your format and structure may vary depending on the source material, yet the response paper examples above must help you to get the basic idea.
The Response Paper Tips to Achieve Good Grades
When you are writing a response paper, consider these simple tips to write better:
- Do not start with your response paper until you fully understand the original text.
- Provide references for your quotes and direct references to avoid plagiarism.
- Use a strong thesis statement that expresses your opinion.
- If you discovered some aspects you do not agree with, support them with evidence.
- Make your conclusion especially strong since it is the summary and the critical point of your reflection.
- Keep things informative as you write and use the first person wherever possible.
- Do not simply summarize the content but analyze it.
- Add personal attitude and vision elements.
- Always proofread your paper to avoid grammar, punctuation, and logic mistakes.
- Use one idea per paragraph.
- Always double-check your writing style format guidelines (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc)
Once again, as you learn how to write a response paper to an article or a book passage, the most important is to understand the original text, which is why it helps if you create an outline to start with the key points as you write them down for your analytical part of the response essay.
Response Paper Example & Different Types
Speaking of response paper examples, one can encounter various types of them when dealing with a typical college assignment. Your writing sample may represent either a single-text response paper or a multiple-text response example. The difference is that with the single-text approach you will have to respond to one text or one book only. It means that you do not have to compare or synthesize anything. In the case of the multiple-text method, it will be necessary to respond to several texts and examine the aspects (or elements) that look the same or totally different. It will be more alike to compare-and-contrast academic writing tasks. It may also be necessary to create a table where you can contrast certain elements. Remember that it must be reflected in your thesis statement.
Our experts are often asked about the difference between a response paper and a summary paper, which is another point that we shall explain in our how to write a response paper guide. In simple terms, the response paper will ask a student to approach the text critically and respond to the reading, while the summary will only overview or summarize the text by highlighting the author's argumentation. When you evaluate something, it is a sign of a response paper. Note that a summary is only used briefly to introduce the topic.
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