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How To Cite An Interview In APA Style Format

Why Are Interview Citations Important? 

When you have to write a college assignment or provide first-hand information, it is best to use primary sources that provide initial information that has not been reviewed or altered in any form. An interview is one of such primary sources, which is why it is often used as a resource that helps to provide expert information, analysis, and more. Still, it is vital to provide correct interview citations. If you have to approach APA style format, take your time to learn how to cite an interview in APA as it will help you to avoid plagiarism and give correct references for intellectual property. Our helpful guide will help you understand the basic APA interview citation rules, according to the latest writing standards. 

The Basic APA Interview Citation Rules 

First of all, one must remember that there can be three types of scenarios when you reference an interview. It can either be published, personal or group interviews. Remember that only published interviews can be used for a formal citation as you place a reference. For example, if you have a published interview that you have discovered somewhere in a television program, newspaper, or scientific journal, it should be used as a source for podcast citing as it relates to multimedia sources. 

Likewise, a personal interview that you have conducted on your own needs no formal citing in your references, meaning that when you cite personal communication, you do not have to provide a source. 

Finally, if you are dealing with a complex research project, think about addressing some organisation by stating like, "When I have conducted my methodology, I have interviewed thirty individuals to explore their involvement in social media management." Still, it is not necessary to provide a formal citation in your Bibliography list. 

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APA Interview Citation Examples 

If there is no online source and it is not an interview you conducted: 

Contributor, X. Z., Contributor, N. V., Contributor, R. K., & Contributor, W. C. (Year, Month Day). Title of an interview [Description of a certain contribution]. Title of Symposium/Conference, Location.

James, K. (2011, Jan. 11). Mechanical Engineering & NASA: The use of AI-based tools
          and automation [Conference session]. Mechanical Engineering 2011
          Conference, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, United States.

If there is an online source: 

Contributor, X. Z., Contributor, N. V., Contributor, R. K., & Contributor, W. C. (Year, Month Day). Title of an interview [Description of a certain contribution]. Title of Symposium/Conference, Location. URL. 

Gethin, J. (2019, May 7). Kelly Jones: Stereophonics Lead Singer in Conversation |
          Talks at Google. Talks at Google, Cardiff, U.K.
          https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hu4Yvq-g7_Y

When you cite a personal interview: 

(F. Kirian, personal communication, February 7, 2020). 

As you quote an interview, always think about what kind of source you are dealing with as it may be only necessary to provide an in-text citation like in the example above. 

When you cite a speech in APA format: 

Speaker's Last Name, Initial(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of speech [Speech audio recording or any other source mentioned]. Website Name. URL
Meir, G. (1969, September 25). White House reception address [Speech audio
          recording]. American Rhetoric.
          https://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/goldameirwhitehousereception.htm

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