How to Revise an Essay: Steps to Make a Strong Paper

Have you ever poured your heart and soul into writing an essay to only receive a less-than-stellar grade? We've all been there. The truth is, the first draft is just the beginning. The real magic happens during the revision process. Revision is the key to transforming your writing from good to great, and it's part of the writing process that cannot be ignored. In this post, we'll explore why revision is so important and provide you with a practical approach to how to revise an essay. Let’s make this process as painless and productive as possible. Let's dive in!

Essay revision made simple: effective steps 

You can approach your essay review differently, but there are key elements you may want to double-check. Here is what you need to look after: 

Step 1: Revise the key pillars of an essay.

When evaluating an essay's content during revision, ensure it is accurate, relevant, and supportive of your key statement. 

Evaluate your thesis statement.

As your essay's central argument, you must check whether it is clear, concise, and relevant to the topic. You can ensure that the statement is effective by considering the following:

  • Does it reflect the scope of your essay? It needs to reflect the breadth and depth of your essay, being specific enough to guide it and give the reader a clear idea of what to expect.
  • Is it arguable? An effective one should present an argument that can be debated or questioned. If it is too general or factual, consider revising it to include a more specific argument.
  • Does it inspire interest in the reader? Your thesis statement should be compelling enough for the reader to read. If it lacks impact, consider revising it to make it more engaging.

Check the relevance of each paragraph.

To revise an essay, you must ensure that each paragraph is relevant to the thesis statement and provides supporting evidence for your argument. Evaluate if any irrelevant sections can be removed.

Double-check your evidence.

Go through your essay and check that you have provided enough evidence to support your claims. Make sure that your evidence is relevant, reliable, and up-to-date. If you lack evidence to support a particular point, you may need to do more research or revise your argument. Additionally, check for gaps in the arguments. Are there any counter-arguments you haven't addressed or evidence contradicting your thesis statement?

Step 2: Ensure a logical flow of the paper.

Checking if your essay is well-organized and the ideas flow logically is crucial in making the most of your paper. 

Evaluate a coherence of an essay. 

To evaluate the coherence of an essay, you need to assess how well the different parts of the essay fit together to form a cohesive and unified whole. For that, you can make sure that each paragraph focuses on a specific idea or topic and that the paragraphs are arranged in a way that makes sense. Additionally, check how long is an essay ─ you may need to shorten it a bit or add more details. 

Using cohesive devices can also help define how coherent your paper looks. Cohesive particles such as pronouns, conjunctions, and repetition can link ideas together and create a sense of connection.

Smooth transitions are the key. 

Transitions are important because they connect your ideas and help your argument flow smoothly. Check if they are effective and that each paragraph builds on the one before it. If you find gaps in your transitions, you may need to revise your essay to ensure your argument is well-connected.

Check for repetition and redundancy.

Remove any sentences or paragraphs that are repetitive or redundant ─ this will help to make your argument more concise and compelling. Here are a few tips to make it happen:

  • Using a Thesaurus can help you find synonyms for words you have used repeatedly in your essay. It can help you vary your language and reduce repetition.
  • Look for places where you may have repeated the same sentence structure multiple times. For example, starting several sentences in a row with the same word or phrase can create a sense of repetition.
  • When revising an essay, consider the context in which the word or phrase is being used. Sometimes repetition can be an effective rhetorical device, such as when used for emphasis or to create a sense of continuity.

Step 3: Fine-tune your essay.

To make a strong essay, you need to watch for its tone, formatting, and style.

Consider your writing style.

Evaluate whether your writing style is appropriate for your intended audience and the purpose of your essay. Check for consistency in punctuation, capitalization, and other style elements throughout your essay. Make sure that you have used the same style consistently, such as whether you have used serial commas or not.

Check for appropriate tone and voice.

Consider whether your essay has an appropriate tone and voice for the intended audience and purpose. It must demonstrate an appropriate level of formality and tone matching the essay's purpose.

Review the use of headings and subheadings.

If your essay uses headings and subheadings, make sure they are consistent in style and format. Check that the headings accurately reflect each section's content and that they are appropriately formatted.

Tips to help you with the revision process

By following these simple tips, you can improve the overall quality of your essay and make it more effective in communicating your ideas to your intended audience.

Understand your target audience. Consider what your audience wants to know and how you can best communicate your ideas to them. Make sure that you have provided enough background information and context for your reader to understand your argument.

Read your essay out loud. Reading your essay out loud can help you identify awkward phrasing, repetitive language, and other errors you may have missed when reading silently.

Take a break between revisions. After you've made revisions to your college essay, take a break before reviewing it again. It will help you approach it with fresh eyes and make it easier to spot errors or areas that need improvement.

Ask for help. Some things are better seen from a distance. Do not hesitate to ask your mates to take a short look at your paper and evaluate it with the checklist. You can also get suggestions from professionals by simply asking, ‘revise my essay, please’.

Essay revision checklist

Here is an essay revision checklist you can use to make sure you have thoroughly revised your text:


  • Ensure that the essay is formatted correctly according to the assignment guidelines.
  • Check that the essay's headings, subheadings, and font sizes are consistent.
  • Check that the margins, spacing, and page numbers are correct.


  • Does the introduction grab the reader's attention?
  • Does it provide a clear and concise thesis statement?
  • Is the thesis statement relevant to the topic and well-supported throughout the essay?
  • Is the introduction well-organized? Does it provide a roadmap for the rest of the essay?

Body Paragraphs:

  • Are the body paragraphs well-organized and easy to follow?
  • Do the body paragraphs provide relevant, accurate information supporting the thesis statement?
  • Is there enough evidence to support each point?
  • Are there any gaps in the argument that need to be addressed?


  • Does the conclusion summarize the main essay points?
  • Does it restate the thesis statement differently?
  • Does it provide a final thought or call to action?

Language and Tone:

  • Is the language appropriate for the intended audience?
  • Is the tone consistent throughout the essay?
  • Are there any awkward or unclear sentences that need to be revised?
  • Are there any words or phrases that could be replaced with more concise alternatives?

Grammar, Spelling, and Punctuation:

  • Use a grammar and spell-check tool to catch any errors.
  • Review your essay manually to catch any errors that automated tools may miss.
  • Ensure that all punctuation marks are used correctly.

Clarity and Conciseness:

  • Read the essay out loud to identify any awkward phrasing or unclear sentences.
  • Remove any unnecessary words or phrases that do not contribute to the argument.
  • Make sure each sentence is clear and concise.

Wrapping Up 

Revising your writing will help ensure that your ideas are communicated effectively and your message resonates with the audience. While the revision process may seem daunting initially, it becomes easier with practice and dedication. By following the steps on how to revise and edit an essay outlined in this post, you can transform your writing from mediocre to outstanding. Remember, the first draft is just the beginning, and revision is where the real magic happens. So take your time to revise your paper and check it for errors. Your writing – and your grades – will thank you for it.

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