Atticus Finch As A Protagonist In To Kill A Mockingbird

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To Kill A Mockingbird (TKAM) is a prose novel that was written by Harper Lee. It was set in the 1930’s and published in the 1960’s. The author has has identified the protagonist in the story as Atticus Finch who is a lawyer and an upstanding citizen of the town. The author has identified that Bob Ewell is racist and uneducated and Atticus Finch is unprejudiced and he upholds the law.

Cultural assumptions and beliefs shape Bob as the antagonist and Atticus as the protagonist. A clear example of this is “You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view, until you climb into his skin and walk around in it.” This metaphor finds Atticus giving Scout a piece of advice that helps her development for the rest of the novel. His ability to relate to his children is that everyone should think about other peoples opinions. Atticus believes that everyone should not judge one another by what they look like and what colour they are, and everyone should be treated with the same respect. Atticus defended Tom Robinson who is a black man even after all of the backlash he got because of it. Meanwhile Bob Ewell treats everyone with no respect as he thinks that he is a “high” person, but really he isn’t. Bob also treats all black people like trash. Bob and Atticus both have very different beliefs based on cultural assumptions.

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In my opinion Bob Ewell is playing the role as the antagonist. Bob Ewell is very racist towards Tom Robinson who is a black man that has been accused of rape towards his daughter. Bob Ewell is uneducated, racist and happy to let an innocent negro go to jail for a crime that he didn’t commit. When the author writes “He stood up and pointed his finger at Tom Robinson. “—I seen that black nigger yonder ruttin’ on my Mayella!”. The technique used in this quote is derogatory language by calling Tom a “nigger”. At the trial, Bob is trying to tell everybody what he thinks Tom did. He is talking about how he thinks that Tom Robinson should go to prison on a death sentence. Bob’s words are not true, but the reaction to the statement from Tom and Atticus in the courtroom makes it clear that the things did not happen the way that Bob Ewell describes them. Bob makes the statement up because he believes that because he is a white man and Tom Robinson is black, the jury will believe him and then make Tom go to jail for a crime he did not commit. Because of the actions that Bob Ewell performed, this proves that he is the antagonist in the story.

The author is trying to convey that the protagonist in the story is Atticus Finch who is a lawyer and an upstanding citizen of the town he is defending Tom Robinson, a negro that is accused of rape. Atticus is a very caring person and is always nice to most people. This can be shown by “This time we aren’t fighting the Yankees, we’re fighting our friends. But remember this, no matter how bitter things get, they’re still our friends and this is still our home.”. The technique used in this quote is characterisation because it shows us that Atticus is moral and ethical. Based on the evidence, it appears that Atticus’ morality towards his family and the black people in the town is quite strong. Based of the evidence to suggest that Atticus is moral and ethical, it proves to us that he is the protagonist in the story.

Based on the evidence stated, it has been shown by the author that Bob Ewell has been identified as the antagonist while Atticus Finch has been identified as the protagonist. They are both very different characters. Bob and Atticus have quite a different view towards their both of their lifestyles.

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Atticus Finch As A Protagonist In To Kill A Mockingbird. (2022, Jun 09). Edubirdie. Retrieved May 26, 2024, from
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