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To Kill a Mockingbird Essays

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This issue, of racism, is popular but tends to be acceptable by the way some people see it. The book, To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee has many minor themes that are present. Such as racism, legal injustice, sexism, coming of age, and classism. However, the largest and major theme of the book is racism. All of the events and themes in the book had one purpose which is to support the theme of racism. Racism has negative effects and is very common but there is still hope.

Racism plays a big part in the world, especially in the 1930s. Racism has always been a problem in America and all around the world. To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee shows racism from the characters, how they deal with African Americans, what they call the N-word. In the article, “Kids exposed to racism have a higher risk of depression and sickness,’ by Washington Post talked about a group of children’s doctors who were warned at the end of July that racism can have long-term effects on children’s health. The article, states that a report comes at a time when racism is making the news. It makes sense that racism hurts people who support African Americans because in To Kill a Mockingbird when Atticus supports Tom Robinson, an African American, other people did not like how Atticus is supporting an African American. Atticus says that there is a case in every lawyer’s career that “affects him personally” (Lee 100). Atticus says that because he has to make a decision to help cases or not where he accepts or declines the case. In the case of Atticus’ decision-making, he accepts to help Tom Robinson. If Atticus had not taken the case, he would have been accused of being racist because Tom is an African American, that is why he accepted to help Tom. Also, he did it to help Scout and Jem to not have to defend Atticus and his choices. In today’s society, it relates because some people will not like them because they are different races and they support each other. A similar thing in the article “Kids exposed to racism have a higher risk of depression and sickness,” that kids have a lot of health issues than others because they are more exposed to racism. The author is saying that kids have to worry more and think of doing dumb things to themself because they do not know what else to do because they are being slurred at because of racism. Racism still affects today’s society and others have opinions of racism and what they do about it.

Two main characters in the book carried hope for the generation that is to come, that things will change. “Why reasonable people go stark raving mad when anything involving a Negro comes up, is something I don’t pretend to understand” (Lee, 100). Both Scout and Jem, two important characters, were inspired by their father Atticus, who believed that racism is a disease from which his kids should be saved. Education informs people, gives exposure to different viewpoints. It also teaches the American population that people of all races have lots of things in common. Segregating people of all kinds prevents countries and nations from making huge progress, which wastes lots of time. “Why don’t they like the Jews, you reckon, Miss Gates?” (Lee, 281). That is one of the quotes Harper Lee was trying to show others. Societies changed for better, more and more people got educated and they learned about kindness and equality.

Many people know that racism is wrong and offensive, yet people still show racism in today’s society. Even though racism is not as bad as in the past, lots of people are hurt in many ways. To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee shows racism through unfairness in the courtroom. “Alright” by Andrew Limbong shows racism by giving information about how black people have to deal with the cops and what that cops make black African Americans do unnecessary things. Both stories, “Alright” and To Kill A Mockingbird, show how different lives in the United States are not fair and arent treated the same way. It is hard to win a trial when the city that your facing is mostly white people that do not trust and respect African Americans, like Tom in To Kill A Mockingbird. In To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus is at court and says that Mayella Ewells is taking advantage of her white privileges by accusing an innocent man, Tom. “If you had been on that jury, son, and eleven other boys like you, Tom would be a free man” (Lee 295). Atticus is saying to the people at court that if you had more people of your race and you are on trial you would win. Then somewhere in chapter 23 Atticus talks about Mayella taking advantage of her race and talking to the people to get them on her side. Even though Mayella Ewell did not prove her innocence to court and Tom still becomes a victim of a crime he did not commit. Then Tom steps in and he says something about decision of the court should be free from discrimination because the court is a place where justice exercises races and color. A similar shameful scene occurs in the article, “Alright” by Andrew Limbong, when a 14-year-old boy, an African American, was outside playing with his airsoft and the cops showed up, the cops gave him orders to do and the boy did do what the cops told him. “According to the incident report, officers asked the 14-year old for his mother’s name and address, who gave to them” (Limbong). Yet the cops still do unnecessary things like trying to cuff the young teen. While this is happening other African Americans show up and got their phones out to record the whole thing also there were many there and they surround the cop cars and the cops then sprayed them with pepper spray without any warning and people suffer the pepper spray. Until the mother arrived, the cops take them into an ambulance and let them free, after all the unnecessary things the cops did. Sadly, many people know that racism is wrong and offensive but they still occur over and over in the past and in today’s society.

Racism, an effective way to hurt people and it breaks down people in many ways but, there is still some hope that it will change. For this, authors and writers use and show racism in their writings to let people know it is bad and unfair. Most uses of racism are people who already learned and know what effects it does yet, people don’t listen to the effects and want more problems.

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Metaphor, Foreshadowing And Allusion In The Book To Kill A Mockingbird

To Kill A Mockingbird is a book that talks about growing up, and innocence. This book is told from the point of view of Jean Louise Finch, also known as Scout. Scout is a small girl growing up in the small town of Maycomb, Alabama. She has a lot to learn in her upcoming years in Maycomb, as she is just a child and is oblivious to the real world. Throughout this book the author Harper Lee uses literary elements...
2 Pages 916 Words

The Relationship Between Book And Movie To Kill A Mockingbird

It is often a challenge for movie producers to create a movie exactly the same as a book; therefore, they try their best to make the story have the same meaning, to let the audience explore the same questions as a book, and to give the same experience of empathy. The movie adaptation of the book “To Kill a Mockingbird,” by Harper Lee, directed by Robert Mulligan, is similar to the book by the following features: firstly, the narrator, Jean...
3 Pages 1223 Words

Segregation In To Kill A Mockingbird

Colored skin people, particularly African Americans, have been under pressure and stress of racial injustice throughout history. After the mid-nineteen-century’s abolition of slavery, there seemed to be a shift in Whites ‘ relations with Blacks, but Whites emancipated Blacks by passing segregation and Jim Crow Laws. In Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird the ideas of racism and segregation are hinted throughout the story. Lee portrays her characters with different attitudes and strong beliefs towards race relations and segregation which...
2 Pages 843 Words

Logos, Pathos And Ethos In The Novel To Kill A Mockingbird

To Kill a Mockingbird, written by Harper Lee it was one of the most widely read books in America since its publication in the 1960s. It was the story of good and evil. It highlighted the transition of Jem and Scout from the perspective of innocence. By the end of the story Jem and Scout lose their innocence from the lessons of their father Atticus Finch and the Tom Robinson case. To Kill A Mockingbird uses the literary devices of...
2 Pages 1115 Words

What does Boo Radley Symbolize: Kindness and Innocence

In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, children live in an imaginative world where mysteries flourish but little exists to actually cause them harm. Scout and Jem spend a lot of their time making up stories about their reclusive neighbor, whom they’ve labeled a “malevolent phantom”. Arthur “Boo” Radley is said to be an outsider who never sets foot outside his house. However, he represents a powerful symbol of kindness and innocence, leaving thoughtful gifts for Scout and Jem in...
2 Pages 800 Words

The Topic Of Racism And Justice In A Lesson Before Dying And To Kill A Mockingbird

After reading the first chapter of A Lesson Before Dying by Ernest J. Gaines, I immediately made a connection to To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee. I decided to reread the trial from To Kill a Mockingbird and compare it to the trial in A Lesson Before Dying. The obvious connection is that black men are convicted of crimes that they evidently did not commit. However, since the men live in racist communities, they are essentially guilty until proven...
1 Page 635 Words

The Theme Of Good And Evil In The Novel To Kill A Mockingbird

The novel To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee is a reflection of life in the south of America during the Great Depression. Through the main protagonist, Scout, we see how certain events in her life changes and helps her mature, and how she eventually learns that the world is full of bigotry and hatred. She is a young girl who lives with her family, which consists of her father Atticus and her older brother Jem, along with her African-American...
2 Pages 969 Words

Racial Segregation In 12 Years A Slave And In To Kill A Mockingbird

12 years a slave There were two sets of reasons. Wealthy Southerners used it to divide the working class by colour. It’s hard to realize it now but the South was, until late in the 50s, a very backward place, the rural economy which provided low wages for everyone who had to work for a living. By segregating blacks and treating them far worse than they treated whites, the Southern establishment was able to keep the whites in their place,...
2 Pages 720 Words

The Theme Of Justice In The Novel To Kill A Mockingbird

To Kill a Mockingbird was published in 1960 at the height of the Civil Rights movement in the US. Set in the depression, circa 1930, it was an instant success and focussed on common humanity through the eyes of an innocent, uncorrupted girl, Scout Finch. Set in the South, Scout’s young female voice navigates the reader through the complexities of human nature and societal conform such as morality and inequality. Human morality is a prominent theme in To Kill a...
2 Pages 924 Words

Symbolism In The Book To Kill A Mockingbird

Throughout Harper Lee’s Novel To Kill a Mockingbird there is extensive symbolism throughout. Some subtle and others obvious. The most preeminent symbol is undoubtably the mockingbird itself. A symbol of courage, innocence and adulthood. These are illustrated throughout the characters Atticus Finch, Boo Radley and Tom Robinson. Atticus Finch demonstrates courage when he chooses to defend Tom Robinson in a legal case that no one else would even consider taking, a seemingly unwinnable fight. The opposite of courage in their...
2 Pages 875 Words

Individual And Human Morality In The Merchant Of Venice And To Kill A Mockingbird

Compelling texts draw in the responder to confront new ideas regarding the inconsistencies within personal and collective experiences. The Merchant of Venice depicts the struggle of the individual against the imposed obligations of society, while To Kill a Mockingbird, explores the human morality where the distinction between right and wrong can be seen. Throughout The Merchant of Venice, assumptions of women having less power than men are accentuated through gender barriers in the renaissance period, and how fate and destiny...
2 Pages 739 Words

Social Inequality in to Kill a Mockingbird

In Harper Lee’s novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, Lee focuses on the social inequality in a few different forms during her novel. Most of the social inequality that we see throughout Lee’s story is because of the mindset that the people of Maycomb have and their unwillingness to change their ways. This view that the people of Maycomb have is due to the time when there was many cases of discrimination that included not only race, but also of wealth...
2 Pages 837 Words

To Kill A Mockingbird: Good Vs. Evil

“You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view… until you climb into his skin and walk around it”(Lee 189). This means you can’t judge a person about what they are and what they stand for, you have to understand where they are coming from and what they really like within themselves not what other people say. Scout and Jem finch the main characters in Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird. They learn good...
2 Pages 1098 Words

Evil, Good And Innocence In To Kill A Mockingbird And Pan’s Labyrinth

The web of our life is of a mingled yarn, good and ill together. Such has Shakespeare’s notion remained part of history throughout medians of literature, plays and films to this day and this was no different during the period in which Harper Lee’s tale To Kill a Mockingbird and Guilmero Del Toro’s epic Pan’s labyrinth were set. Both narratives explore the idea of Evil Versus Good by challenging its demeanour and coexistence through the portrayal of innocence in characters...
4 Pages 1874 Words

Collective Humans Struggle In The Merchant Of Venice And To Kill A Mockingbird

Prejudices borne by persecuted individuals, and born out of stereotypes, corrupt an individual’s relationship with self and society. The exploration of prejudice, as a human experience in texts, highlights the collective struggle humans inhabit as a result of institutionalised notions within society. William Shakespeare’s classic play, ‘The Merchant of Venice’, and Harper Lee’s ‘To Kill a Mockingbird’ illustrate this innate struggle humans endure, through careful characterisation. The human condition desires to find acceptance in society without the compromise of self-expression...
1 Page 602 Words

Good And Evil As The Main Theme Of To Kill A Mockingbird

Harper Lee’s To Kill A Mockingbird depicts a range of themes like bravery, the law,racism,social inequality and so on. All of which she put in a way that all themes relate in one way or another, but I think the main theme in To Kill a Mockingbird is good and evil. This book shows the early life of the writer Harper Lee, who lived in the south and through the 1930s, which was the time of the great depression and...
1 Page 673 Words

Father Daughter Relationship In To Kill A Mockingbird And The Merchant Of Venice

“Fathers, you are the head and strength of the family unit. If you are not in place, there is a weakness in the link.” (Marinoff). This quote signifies that a father must be present for his family. If a father is absent, he becomes the least dependable member. In “To Kill A Mockingbird” by Harper Lee and “The Merchant Of Venice” by William Shakespeare, the two main antagonists destroyed their reliability, which in the long run ruined their father-daughter relationship....
2 Pages 816 Words

The Aunt Alexandra Effect In To Kill The Mockingbird

Harper Lee’s To Kill A Mockingbird was one heck of a novel. In the beginning I really didn’t like the book and with some parts I still don’t, but after all, this book was good. In this novel a lot of characters had an impact, some big and some small. The story really pertained the main characters of Scout, Jem, and Atticus. But, there were multiple people playing the background, and I would like to point out the character of...
1 Page 616 Words

The True Courage In The Novel To Kill The Mockingbird

Growing up as a kid, we as a whole have times where we looked up to those with strength, toughness, and those with no fear in their paths. While figuring out how to face bigotry, foul play, and analysis, Jem and Scout find that a large number of her role models are exhibiting bravery in various manners. Many people in To Kill a Mockingbird mistake courage for strength and believe that mental fortitude is the desire or ability to utilize...
2 Pages 940 Words

Strong Power And Influence Of Courage In The Book To Kill A Mockingbird

Courage is standing up or fighting for what one believes in, even when the odds are against that courageous individual. Courage is one of the most significant themes in To Kill a Mockingbird. In the novel, Harper Lee shows both types of courage using the characters throughout the book, as well as illustrating her own way of writing this novel to demonstrate all characteristics of courage. She shows actions taken by characters in a courageous act even when Lee makes...
3 Pages 1197 Words

Innocence And Growing Up In The Novel ‘To Kill A Mockingbird’

A novel in which every scene and detail has its meaning and a single item has symbolism is no other than To Kill A Mockingbird. To Kill A Mockingbird has many themes although one theme, in particular, develops over the course of the novel. In this novel, it focuses on two characters, that being Scout and Jem and their coming of age story. Opening their eyes and seeing the truth behind what they had previously believed, in the small town...
1 Page 557 Words

Theme Of Moral Dilemmas In To Kill A Mockingbird And A Doll's House

Both characters in To Kill a Mockingbird and A Doll’s House are challenged with dilemmas that they eventually learn a valuable life lesson from. In Lee’s novel moral lessons are presented in a ‘seemingly effortless style’ with the character Atticus Finch ,a highly praised lawyer, showing both social and personal morality such as in the way he raises his children and how to tackle racial inequality in Maycomb. On the contrary, in a doll’s house a ‘self made’ morality play...
6 Pages 2732 Words

Prejudice And Discrimination Problems In To Kill A Mockingbird, I Have A Dream, And Letter From A Birmingham Jail

America was founded on July 4, 1776. We celebrate this holiday known as, “the 4th of July”, or as “Independence Day”, every year. The Continental Congress declared that the thirteen American colonies were no longer subject to the monarch of Britain and were now free. This resulted in the Declaration of Independence signed on this day. This document included the unalienable rights; Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. This concept has been true for most people, but not all....
2 Pages 699 Words

Audaciously Courageous Acts Throughout To Kill A Mockingbird

When the word ‘courage’ rings in the air, most people think of Superman or a Disney character. They may think of notable and often times famous people. The word courage has been stereotyped to bring images of war and fame among the minds of the conventionally thinking. But courage is so, so much more than that. Courage is far more often hidden within the actions of inconspicuous characters, and is the foundation of a morally right character. Courage is rooted...
2 Pages 747 Words

The Evocation Of Empathy In Statement On The Assassination Of Martin Luther King Jr. And To Kill A Mockingbird

Empathy allows one to have the capacity to understand and share the feelings of another, yet it’s a difficult emotion to show. It is often absent in countless real-world situations as many are afraid of the vulnerability felt when empathy is put into motion. However, in literature, authors of informational and fictional texts are able to apply a variety of techniques to display the importance of empathy and encourage its readers to have a sense of understanding and compassion. In...
2 Pages 958 Words

Representation Of Loss of Innocence In Literature

First DEF: My first definition of loss of innocence was that it was something that came with time, you will be oblivious to losing your innocence until it all happens in one fell swoop, and that it will happen when you least expect it. Mango: The first text we read was “The House on Mango Street” by Sandra Cisneros. When I chose loss of innocence as my big idea, i already knew what quote I would choose from “The House...
1 Page 625 Words

Role of Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird

Atticus Finch plаyed а cruciаl role in To Kill а Mockinbird. He plаyed the role of the lаwyer which took plаce in Mаycomb, аlаbаmа. In his whole fаmily, he wаs the only one who becаme а lаwyer. He wаs very cаlm thought every situаtion. He wаs а decent person in the book аnd he represents the Voltаire’s quаte thаt relаte the principаl chаrаcter аtticus Finch. The mаin quаlities thаt represent him аre empаthy, courаge аnd legаl justice, which was represented...
2 Pages 763 Words

Are People Born Good, Bad Or Neutral: Analysis Of And Then There Were None, Macbeth, To Kill A Mockingbird

In my opinion people are born neutral. Your behavior can depend on how you were raised. There are people that are very influential to you in a positive or negative way. Our attitude can be changed from being around people who make bad choices. If you are around good people then you will make better choices around others. The books that I will be proving people are born neutral are To Kill A Mockingbird, And Then There Were None, Macbeth...
3 Pages 1148 Words

Depression in To Kill A Mockingbird

The Great Depression was a severe international tragedy that took place mostly in the 1930s and is deemed to be the worst economic downfall thus far. This turmoil was the longest and most wide-spread depression of the 20th century. In most countries, this disaster lasted from 1929 to the late 1930s. The story To Kill A Mockingbird, written by Harper Lee, was set in Monroeville, Alabama during this time. In the United States, the country’s economy crashed as a result...
2 Pages 1083 Words

To Kill a Mockingbird: Historical Aspects

There is strong evidence that racism has existed since the beginning of human civilization. Throughout history, the balance between human races has been unequal, proven by the countless cases of human enslavement and mistreatment through countless human civilizations. Including that of African Americans through the history of the United States. The waters of racial prejudice run deep through generations, and the only way human civilization has been able to put more emphasis on the importance of civil and human rights,...
5 Pages 2284 Words
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