Short on time?

Get essay writing help

Suicide Essays

78 samples in this category

Based on materials presented in previous lectures, I have chosen to research Emile Durkheim’s theory of suicide. Suicide is often defined as ‘the act or an instance of taking ones own life voluntarily and intentionally’( ). I choose this topic because I believe it is sociologically significant and it is a common topic in the modern world. Sociologist Emile Durkheim began his work “Suicide” in the 1890s. Durkheim was was looking to establish a strong link between societal structure and people taking there own lives. Durkheim’s initial definition of suicide was that “suicide” is any death that is the immediate or eventual result of a positive (for example, shooting oneself) or negative (for example, refusing to eat) act, accomplished by the victim himself ( Suicide, 1897). Durkheim however, ran into many issues with this definition and later said, “The distinctive characteristics of suicide, therefore, is not that the act is performed intentionally, but rather that it is performed advisedly – the agent knows that death will be the result of his act, regardless of whether or not death is his goal” ( Suicide,(1897)). Durkheim set suicide into four categories; egoistic, altruistic, fatalistic and anomic.

Egoistic suicide is when a person commits suicide as they feel they do not belong to a society or have weak societal links. It is a response by people who feel completely isolated from society. Usually, people are integrated into society by work, familial bonds and community, and other social bonds. When these ties are weakened or lost through retirement or loss of family members and friends, the chances of egoistic suicide increase. Elderly people, who suffer these losses are most likely to fall victim to egoistic suicide.

Altruistic suicide is when one gives up their own life to save or benefit others, for the good of a group, or to save the traditions and honor of a society. It is often a result of excessive regulation of individuals by social forces such that a person may be moved to kill themselves for the benefit of a cause or society at large. Altruistic suicides are marked by cultural approval and benefit the social order. They occur in social groups where there is a low value placed on the individual. The principal loci of altruistic suicide are primitive societies and the modern military. In such social circumstances, people are so strongly integrated into social expectations and society itself that they will kill themselves to achieve collective goals.

Anomic suicide is when a person commits suicide due to lack of regulation. One might feel lost, confused, and highly stressed and therefore disappointed. Anomic suicide is an extreme response by someone who is experiencing anomie. Anomie usually occurs during times of intense social, economic, or political upheaval, which leads to quick and extreme changes to society and everyday life. Such circumstances can often leave someone feeling so confused and disconnected that they choose to take their own life.

Fatalistic suicide is suicide resulting from overregulation. Feeling overly controlled by the values and beliefs of society, the person becomes hopeless and believes they will never. Escape these oppressive external forces. Durkheim associated fatalistic suicide with preindustrial social orders, citing suicides of slaves as examples, and believed it to be of little contemporary relevance.

The stigma among mental health in past decades throughout societies has led to many unfortunate taboos about suicide and depression. “Someone, somewhere, commits suicide every 18 minutes” ( ). Suicide is the leading cause of death amongst young people, both in Ireland and worldwide. It is said that almost 1 million people die by suicide around the world each year ( ). Attempted suicides are much more common than actual suicides. Statistics show that there are about “120000 attempted suicides in Ireland each year” ( ). Studies recently conducted by the centers for disease control and prevention show that one in ten college students, and one in five high school students, admit to having seriously considered committing suicide. Based on previous studies, statistics show that “the overall suicide rate in Ireland is roughly 12 suicide deaths per 100,000 people” ( ). According to the latest World Health Organisation (WHO) figures, “Ireland is 9th in the European Union rankings, and 37th out of 87 countries surveyed by the United Nations body” ( Suicide statistics differ with gender and age. It is believed that women are more likely to attempt suicide or take part in other types of self-harming behavior. However, more men tend to succeed and die by suicide. Three times the amount of men die by suicide each year than women. “ Cases of suicide have been reported in people of all ages however, in men suicide is more common in people who are between 15-44 years of age. In women, suicide is more common between the ages of 45 and 74” ( ). Among men aged 25-34, “Ireland holds the 2nd highest suicide rate in the EU, with 34.6 suicides per 100,000 in 1996” ( ). Statistics show that Ireland also has the “2nd highest male-female suicide ratio in the EU, with 5.5 male suicides to one female suicide” ( ). However later, Durkheim claimed to have shown that, for each social group, there is a specific tendency to suicide that can be explained neither by the “organic-psychic constitution” of individuals nor by the nature of the physical environment (Suicide, (1897)). Durkheim believed that humans may commit suicide if they have too little interaction with society. This links to the Irish societal views on mental health as many people faced with a mental illness turn their backs on society in fear of judgment.

In previous years suicide has become a critical, national problem. While everyone’s reason for carrying out this tragic action is different there are a few main causes, the first being vulnerability to suicide. It is believed that there are several factors that determine how vulnerable a person is to suicidal thinking and behavior. The following factors make individuals more vulnerable; genetics and family history, lifestyle for example people who misuse alcohol and drugs, jobs, for example, people who experience low job satisfaction or are unemployed, relationships for example people who are socially isolated or lack close relationships often end up dying by suicide. Mental health conditions play a huge part in the number of suicide deaths that take place each year. It is said that 90% of people who attempt suicide or die from suicide have had one or more mental health conditions throughout their lives ( ) such as depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, borderline personality disorder, anorexia nervous and generalized anxiety disorder. Other factors that can increase risk of suicide include; experiences of sexual and physical abuse, experiences of emotional, parental and physical neglect, having a parent or close relative who died by suicide, being homeless and misusing drugs and alcohol ( While it’s impossible to tell exactly how people are thinking there are a few signs that may indicate signs of suicide. When people are thinking of suicide they often talk about hurting or killing themselves, express extreme emotions of rage, revenge or anger, self-harm, show feelings of being trapped, withdraw or disconnect from friends, family and the community, show signs of anxiety, a change in sleep patterns and show signs of having no reason to live.

While writing about the topic of suicide I most certainly came across many shocking statistics however, I believe with a little more awareness raised with regard to this sociological topic, these figures could definitely be reduced drastically. We as humans all know things about suicide, but unfortunately not enough. To tackle this issue teachers, schools, families and universities all need to do more and learn more. “If you are depressed, reach out to someone. And remember, suicide is a permanent solution, to a temporary problem” (Robin Williams, 2013).

Show More

Immanuel Kant's Categorical Imperative And Suicide In Society

The worth of human life is the most invaluable asset in human societies. Nevertheless, suicide raises some moral questions. While various theories elucidate the reasons why some individuals decide to attempt or commit suicide, there is a need for philosophical examination to justify such actions. Today, human beings are faced with numerous problems, some of which ultimately lead many individuals to prefer death to life. A significant body of literature documents different reasons that make these individuals commit suicide. These...
6 Pages 2797 Words

Aboriginal Mental Health And Suicide

Aboriginal individuals represent 2.5% of the whole population in Australia. An ongoing survey of community uncovers that crosswise over seven reviews, indigenous grown-ups perceived to have more self-announced mental illness as opposed to non-indigenous individuals. Also, information on passing from 2001 to 2010 regarding suicide have demonstrated to be twofold than non-indigenous individuals in Australia. (Chalmers et al, 2014). This report is about to see the mental status and suicide issue among aboriginals. The major goals are to explore the...
4 Pages 1616 Words

Adolescent Suicide: The Dangers And Seriousness Of Taking One’s Own Life

Throughout the ever changing world, and the innovations of technologies substantially increasing, there is seen to be a direct correlation between that and the increase of personal responsibilties and social pressures. These pressures and responsiblities of the individual, in some cases can be too much to handle. More Specifically, with the change of society there are higher pressure on adolescents to succeed faster and earlier in life. Despite the positive connation with success, this societal view can result in negative...
6 Pages 2804 Words

Masculinity: Military Mental Health And Suicide

Every year, approximately 45,000 people lose their lives through the act of suicide, making this the tenth leading cause of death across America. Statistics show that it is more common for men to go through with self-harm and be successful than women. In the military, suicide rates have been significantly increasing over the years. This is the second cause of death in the United States military, majority involving the use of firearms due to the easy access of these weapons....
1 Page 680 Words

Morality of Suicide and Euthanasia

Suicide is when someone willingly ends their own life. Euthanasia is when a physician assists in ending a person’s life. Reasons for suicide include Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), bullying, mental illness, and substance abuse (alcohol, drugs, etc.). The reason for euthanasia is usually terminal illnesses or old age. The morality of dying in either of these ways is a heavily discussed topic. Some people who discuss the morality of suicide and euthanasia are John Hardwig, Richard Brandt, Carl B. Becker,...
2 Pages 835 Words

How Shakespeare Uses Female Suicide in His Plays

In the Roman plays it (suicide) is justified by History; and for the others the audience is asked to exchange for a moment its Christian morality for the more primitive pagan sentiment, a less noble feeling, doubtless, but one which is perfectly intelligible to all men because it is instinctive. This, then, is the true attitude of Shakespeare towards suicide. It is an attitude which implies no moral theory, which has, in fact, nothing to do with morality, being determined...
3 Pages 1393 Words

Value Of Life: Abortion, Suicide, Death Penalty, Life Ending

Introduction Life in terms of biology definition refers to time between a person’s births till his or her death. It is the one and only thing that breathes essence of various activities which separates us from inanimate objects. As opined by Heywood and Mullock (2016), there is no definite answer to value of life. Each individual reflects and leads his or her life based on values and ethics which they endear most. Period of living is unique and different from...
5 Pages 2349 Words

Prerequisites And Reasons Of Farmer Suicide in India

Introduction India is an agrarian economy. The Economic survey of India, 2019 suggests that agriculture and related activities employ 42% of the population but only accounts for 14% of the Gross Domestic Product of the nation (Economic Survey of India, 2019) This discrepancy can be attributed to a variety of factors, viz., dependence on precipitation, lack of technological development in the field of agriculture, dependence of primitive forms of irrigation and cropping, etc. the consequence being low productivity in terms...
5 Pages 2336 Words

The Problem of the Development of Gun Culture in the American Society

Today’s media highlights current news events that are controversial while also imposing their personal bias of the event. This influences the audience’s behavior by significantly increasing the rate of public conversation on these topics. Public conversation and controversy can initiate social movements like protests, activism groups, and incite the continuous division between political parties. The general public is usually quick to adhere to one of two sides, based on information solely presented through biased media. This may give rise to...
3 Pages 1590 Words

Suicidal Thoughts and Behavior of Chinese Youth in Kuala Lumpur City

The ideology and term of suicide or killing oneself to get out of life is turning into a trend in this modern society. Most of the ones that expresses the idea meant it as a joke and do not mean to actually conduct a self-harm activity. Many memes and jokes regarding killing themselves because they’ve succumb to a difficult task, seeing something ‘stupid that it hurts their brains’ and even merely wanting to get out of life can be seen...
5 Pages 2128 Words

Suicide of Megan Meier: Role of Myspace Account

1. Megan Meier Case: 1.1 Introduction of Case: On October 17, 2006, a 13 year old American teenager, Megan Taylor Meier, committed suicide by hanging herself from a fan in her room. Megan had always been a victim of depression and anxiety. When social networking sites were on the rise, Megan wanted to be on popular site Myspace. Megan’s mother Tina Meier allowed her because her friends were on it. As soon as she joined the site, she received a...
3 Pages 1434 Words

Real Situation with Suicides and Breakdowns: Romanticization of Mental Health in Mass Media

1 in every 5 Australians (about 4 million people) suffer from a mental illness. 4 million people with pain, stress, and discomfort every single day. Mental health is a very taboo topic in the media, but when it is discussed it’s portrayed in all the wrong ways. The most common mental illnesses a person experiences are depression and anxiety. The romanticisation of mental health isn’t and shouldn’t be acceptable like the way it’s treated in TV, the news, and social...
2 Pages 805 Words

Law Of Suicide: Need To Humanise The Criminal Justice System

Since the advent of mankind, suicides have been a complex part of society. It is considered as a factor contributing to the premature or unnatural end of precious lives. It is an act of self-destruction. It is an outcome of an unfit mental thought-process. It is not the nature of a person. It is an act which is as involuntarily done as voluntary it seems to be. A person is in such an irreversible ideation that he loses the prudence...
7 Pages 3226 Words

Indigenous Knowledge And Conceptualisations In Combating Suicide In Indigenous Youth

Suicide is a humanitarian crisis; it is the fifth deadly killer of Indigenous people and according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, over the past decade there has been a 21% increase in youth suicide rates. Mental health is a multi-layered issue that requires a holistic tailored response to adequately address the root social, economic and historic causes of suicide in Indigenous communities. It is alarming to think about the suicide of a young adult who still has much to...
4 Pages 1881 Words

Suicide In The Family: Causes And Effects

CAUSES Suicidal thoughts can come about for many reasons, some of them internal and others external. One of the reason a person results to taking their own life would be feelings of worthlessness. This is one of the most common ones, as it comes from within and takes a lot of effort to stop feeling this way. Many people feel as though the world would be a better place without them and therefore result in taking their own lives. Other...
2 Pages 750 Words

Sociology Of Suicide: Most Enigmatic Of Human Behaviors

Suicide is a subject that is not openly talked about in society. The act of taking one’s life of their own causing death results directly or indirectly act of the victim themselves which they know the consequences of. According to Section 309 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC 1960), the attempt to die by suicide was a criminal offense, however, the Indian parliament in MCHA 2017 has implied the change of word for mental illness into severe stress that has...
4 Pages 1925 Words

The Peculiarities Of Physician-Assisted Suicide

November 1, 2014, Brittany Maynard ended her life. In January of that year, she was diagnosed with terminal brain cancer. What was first a grade 2 astrocytoma, within four months, turned to a grade 4 astrocytoma (glioblastoma) with a prognosis of six months to live. After many failed treatments Maynard decided to take advantage of her right-to-die. Living in a state where physician-assisted suicide was illegal, she decided to move her and her family from California to Oregon and take...
4 Pages 1794 Words

Suicide And Religion: Can It Be Reasonable To Commit Suicide?

Suicide rates are expanding significantly. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that every year roughly one million people die from suicide, which speaks to a worldwide death rate of 16 people per 100,000 or one death every 40 seconds. It is anticipated that by 2020 the rate of death will increase to one every 20 seconds. Over the most recent 45 years suicide rates have increased by 60% worldwide. Suicide is currently among the three leading causes of death among...
6 Pages 2688 Words

The Reasons Of Suicides In Romeo And Juliet

In play The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, young love and passion play the most important themes throughout the entire play, the elements were being discussed and questioned when the passion and love had form between Romeo and Juliet by each other’s first sight. The play become dramatic when the two lamentable star-crossed lover had to face their family feud and other obstacles in order to obtain the relationship, risking their own life to see each other,...
3 Pages 1192 Words

Legalization Of Physician Assisted Suicide

Physician assisted suicide should be legalized to help patients with constant suffering of pain from illnesses and age. Many patients tolerate the pain while being bedridden unable to move, States in the United States of America should lift the ban on Physician assisted suicide to give an option of passing peacefully with dignity and grace relieved from their pain. California, Colorado, Oregon, Vermont, and Washington have legalized physician assisted suicide due to the actions as life will take its course...
1 Page 552 Words

Assisted Suicide Or Voluntary Euthanasia

The debate surrounding voluntary euthanasia is one that brings into question the ethics of choice and the importance of human life not only to the individual, but to the collective. There are those that argue that the patient should be able to choose for themselves if they believe that assisted suicide is the best option. They can understand that sometimes life is meant to end and by forcing it to continue, they are simply making a peaceful ending more painful....
2 Pages 1053 Words

Why Suicide Is A Horrible Turn Of Events

Suicide is an easy way out to not face difficulty in life , that seems ridiculous to people, but that’s not an understatement as well . People are suffering whole life due to their poor choices or rather karma , that’s a whole different aspect of thinking , but let’s talk about some common issues for carrying out such a horrible step , which are depression , impulsive , overburden , or can be bullying . Everyone has a bad...
2 Pages 808 Words

Moral Of Physician Assisted Suicides

The topic of suicide and physician-assisted suicide has been one of the most polarized and debated topics in philosophy for hundreds of years. Suicide is such an important subject of philosophy because of how it can reveal the most important differences in similar moral systems. A philosophical examination of suicide is extremely important to conduct due to how negatively physician-assisted suicide is seen in the United States. In America, only nine states have legalized physician-assisted suicide. By examining the moral...
3 Pages 1306 Words

Suicide And The Sociological Significance Of The Social Factors That Contribute To It

Introduction The sociological significance of suicide has changed dramatically throughout history. It’s development can be divided into three periods: Pre-Durkheimian, Durkheimian and Post-Durkheimian. This essay will look at all three periods and discuss how the significance of suicide has evolved from a sociological standpoint. It will also look at the different factors that have contributed, and continue to contribute, to the rise in suicide rates worldwide. Examples of the factors that will be examined are, geographical, integration and regulation, and...
2 Pages 946 Words

Teen Suicide: Does The Exposure To Suicide Content Trigger Suicidal Behavior To Predisposed Teens?

Suicide continues to be a serious public health issue across the world. Reporting and portrayal of suicidal behavior in the media may have a potential to negatively influence and encourage suicidal acts to predisposed teens when exposed to such stimuli. Evidence continues to accumulate on the significant impact of media coverage on suicide ideation. Ayers et al. (2017) conducted a quasi-experimental study to find out if there is an increase in suicide search after the release of ​13 Reasons Why​....
2 Pages 1105 Words

Ways To Prevent Suicide In The UK: Opinion Essay

Suicide is an emotional and distressing issue which has been very prominent in social media and in the news in recent weeks and months. But are the British government doing enough to prevent it and to provide support to people who are at risk. Suicide is a growing problem that can affect people no matter what their age, gender, race or class. Suicide is one of the worst and most upsetting causes of death in not just in Britain but...
1 Page 479 Words

The Causes And Effects Of Suicide In Chinese College Students

Suicide is the leading cause of deaths among all the deaths due to injuries. The World Health Organization has acknowledged that suicide behavior is a major global public health problem in every country, with approximately one million people dying from suicide each year [1]. The suicide rate of the college students in only one university in the south was 197, the rate of suicide among the college students was (1.28-2.10)/ 100,000, and the maximum value was reached in 2018 [2]....
3 Pages 1402 Words

Suicide Prevention In Australia

The prevalence of suicide in Australia is a growing concern. In 2017 the number of lives lost through intentional self-harm was 3128. This is an increase of 9.1% from the previous year (‘Causes of Death, Australia, 2017’, 2019). The Australian State and Federal Governments have acknowledged this crisis in recent years. In 2016, the Victorian Government released a 10-year plan to reduce suicide rates called the ‘Victorian Suicide Prevention Framework 2016- 2025’. This aims at halving the current suicide rate...
6 Pages 2741 Words

A Sociological Examination Into Durkheim’s Suicide And Its Connections To Four Example Groups

Suicide — a conscious act of ending one’s life. However, there is much more to that definition. For one to fully comprehend suicide, one must understand the common factors behind it. Émile Durkheim, in his book Suicide: A Study in Sociology, argues that for us to fully comprehend the variations in the rates and types of suicides, we must first consider the social structure, and the two components that make up the structure: social integration and social regulation. This key...
3 Pages 1389 Words

Suicidal Thoughts: Internal And External Reasons

Suicide is the act of taking one’s owns life deliberately. In most countries, it has been ranked as the number 10 cause of death. In recent times, the rates of suicide have increased due to a lot of reasons. There are gender differences in the way males and females carry out their suicide attempts, across the world, suicide rates are significantly higher for men compared to women. Another difference in gender is that men’s attempts being more violent and they...
3 Pages 1148 Words
price Check the Price of Your Paper
Number of pages
Email Invalid email

By continuing, you agree to our Terms of Use & Privacy Policy.

Join 100k satisfied students
  • Get original paper written according to your instructions
  • Save time for what matters most
hire writer

Fair Use Policy

EduBirdie considers academic integrity to be the essential part of the learning process and does not support any violation of the academic standards. Should you have any questions regarding our Fair Use Policy or become aware of any violations, please do not hesitate to contact us via

Check it out!