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1984 Essays

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Each text or literary work is interpreted differently by various readers. After reading a novel or a short story, the reader asks himself questions about the reasons why the author wrote it and what it means. Questions lead readers to interpret links to literature. People refer to what they read by connecting to their own lives, other texts, and the state and events of the world. The interpretation depends primarily on where the reader reads the text. That is also the case in the fictional novel by George Orwell 1984.

The book 1984 depicts a great deal of totalitarianism. A totalitarian government is one in which the government controls all aspects of life. How people spend every minute of their time, even in private, with whom they can relate and what they can say. Totalitarian governments are even trying to control what people feel and what they think. In the late 1940s, George Orwell wrote 1984. He knew that totalitarianism was based on the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany. These governments did not take place long before 1984 but were still not well understood. Orwell’s aim was to give his readers a clear picture of life if a free country such as England had a totalitarian system. In 1984 totalitarianism was written into practice in the world. Of course, different generations of the audience differently interpreted 1984.

Two major readers read 1984: people who lived in the past war and young adults in the 21st century. The main difference between the two groups is that one group has experienced a totalitarian state, while the other group has just been told stories of totalitarianism. The fact is that both pay attention to various factors from 1984.

The group of readers with totalitarian experience, on the one hand, will pay attention to how the government oppresses its people. The group of readers who have not experienced totalitarianism, on the other hand, read 1984 in search of certain aspects of 1984. An example of this is the increased supervision of the lives of its citizens by the government. Since both groups focus on different aspects of the book, they interpret it differently. In 1984, the first group interpreted totalitarianism as an explanation and a response to the question, what if a free country like England had a totalitarian regime? The reason for such an interpretation lies in the world’s state. When readers read it when it was written (1948), Britain was at war and these people knew that the government was watching and controlling them. They would also recognize the propaganda in the book as: ‘WAR IS PEACE,’ ‘FREEDOM IS SLAVERY,’ ‘IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH’ and ‘BIG BROTHER IS YOU’ This group could easily recognize the similarities between the 1984 propaganda and Hitler’s propaganda. They will remember the Nazis ‘ contradictory views that promised peace and wealth but brought only war and poverty. This can be compared with the contradictory ministry of peace, the ministry of abundance, the ministry of truth, and the ministry of love, which deal with war, hunger, lies, and torture. In 1950, a reader first knows more about the fear of being monitored and controlled. The media were controlled by the Nazis during the Second World War. Radio, for example, broadcast only positive news for Germany. Houses were checked regularly to ensure that nobody heard anything else secretly. It was not only to see if people listened to an illegal radio station but also to see if they hid Jews. When they were founded guilty, they were immediately sent to a concentration camp. This is compared to Thought Crime and the Ministry of Love. P 21: “they’ll shoot me in the back of the neck I don’t care down with big brother they always should you in the back of the neck I don’t care down with big brother.” This is a quote from the Winston diary. Even writing in his own private diary is a crime at home because he did not obey the party leader, Big Brother. The fact that he caught it so quickly and was full of errors demonstrates that fear is caught and observed.

In 1984, the second modern group could be seen as a future forecast. Many years later, the foreknowledge of the book continues to drive its popularity, but the focus is changing. In the current cycle of news and politics, which includes alternative facts, false news, post-truth, and most recently, pre-knowledge, Winston Smith’s news world, doublethink, the Ministry of Truth, and Big Brother’s personality cults seem all the more relevant. For these readers of the 21st century, the book may be prophetic, but it certainly stores, moves, creates, and can not be denied. The 60-year-old book is more relevant than ever, as it alarms us too.

These subjects are information control technology. The theme of control is the most prevalent and most important message reflected in 1984 for the second group. It is closely linked to the last two topics because they appear in the lives of the second group every day. When these readers think about the world of 1984 they picture surveillance cameras, government spying, and monitoring through personal technological devices. The level of technology is very sophisticated and there is a lot of control over government information. Since the second group is so connected, they pay more attention to these aspects of the book than to other aspects, giving their group of readers a unique interpretation.

With technology advancing faster than it has ever been, the second group faces a different problem. For example, military-level software that has been harnessed by a company called Hidden Technologies allows users to insert a thumb drive into any device and extract all the information from it. This means deleted search history, private messages, encrypted files, and everything in between is vulnerable to the user. The scariest part is that this device leaves no trace and you will never know that the information was ever  

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1984 and Panopticon: Utopia and Dystopia

Over a long period of time, humans have discussed and developed the idea of forming and keeping society. Throughout these studies, they have created various concepts or words, like Utopia and Dystopia The word ‘Utopia’ was made by Thomas More in 1516. It is the term of nonexistent imaginative society that has perfect levels of everything for people. Dystopia, the antonym of Utopia, means ‘bad place’ in Greek. In fiction, it is usually described as a world with dictatorship or...
4 Pages 1769 Words

Rhetorical Analysis Of George Orwell's 1984

Rhetorical Analysis The passing of World War II not only gave rise to geographical and social changes throughout the world but also gave new forms of expression from which Orwell was able to seize the opportunity, emerging from him the great idea of ​​writing his famous book: 1984, in which he describes a totalitarian government, a society repressed and monitored all the time. Orwell, in writing this book, intends to demonstrate what may happen in the future; a government badly...
2 Pages 785 Words

Repression of Freedom and Importance of Memory in 1984 and The Giver

Humans have been telling stories since we could speak. We tell stories around the campfire, we write plays, novels, short stories and make movies. We do this because stories are an opportunity to share our personal experiences. Common human experiences that arise and are relatable to readers are the repression of freedom and the importance of memory to both individuals and political collectives, since such freedoms are necessary for a healthy society. The power of story is that it has...
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Theme Of Rejection To Political Apathy In 1984

George Orwell’s 1949 satire Nineteen-Eighty-Four, ignites new ideas about human behaviours prompted by totalitarian government’s degradation of individual and collective experiences and thus invites the reader to see the world differently. Orwell explores how oppressive authorities suppress societal expression and freedom to maintain power. He then reveals how this suppression brutalises human behaviour and motivations because it undermines emotion and complex thought. Ultimately, Orwell argues that we must resist the political apathy that enable such regimes to maintain power and...
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Living the Life: 1984, Allegory of the Cave, and Why Do People Follow The Crowd

How would you feel to be under constant surveillance, to be told what to think and do? If you had the slightest taste of freedom in a controlling environment would you fight for that freedom or not even try to grasp it. In both 1984, Allegory of the Cave, and Why Do People Follow The Crowd, you have selected citizens that break the rules of society and learn the dark secrets of their puppet masters. From controlling government to a...
2 Pages 717 Words

Totalitarian Hegemony In Dystopian Fiction (Brave New World, 1984, Fahrenheit 451, Lord Of The Flies, A Clockwork Orange And A Handmaid’s Tale)

Since the 15th century, humans have been captivated by the idealism of achieving world peace and to live in a place of pure bliss where, “[…] all citizens are equal – rights, property, privilege – […] all sources of envy and conflict are eliminated; desires are satisfied because no unreasonable desires develop.” The tradition of utopian fiction dates as far back as Thomas More’s 1551 Utopia , inspiring many variations on the theme. “In the twentieth century dystopia becomes the...
2 Pages 705 Words

George Orwell’s 1984 to Patricia McCormick’s The Plot to Kill Hitler: Comparative Essay

While there are many differences between fiction and non-fiction titles, when comparing George Orwell’s 1984 to Patricia McCormick’s The Plot to Kill Hitler, many similarities emerge along with differences. The setting in 1984 consists of a political system that is authoritarian, oppressive, and ruthless in nature. It is post-revolutionary Britain, now called Oceania after the Socialist revolution, in the year 1984. Physically the state is scarred from war and revolution, buildings destroyed, rubble covering the streets, etc. Psychologically, however, the...
1 Page 536 Words

Portrayal of Human Experiences in ‘1984’, “Harrison Bergeron”, “The Unknown Citizen” and ‘Racism and the Australian Dream”

In our world today, we seem to be losing contact with our language, our understanding of literature is moribund. However, literature is crucial for our understanding of the world and ourselves and reading literature is vital in order for us as a society to function . Literature helps us to gain an understanding of oneself and human experiences because it allows us to expand our thinking about society and its mannerisms. Storytelling is important because it allows us to see...
3 Pages 1401 Words

Propaganda in 1984: Essay

World War II negatively impact the world as totalitarian political parties fought to control the world. George Orwell’s dystopian novel 1984 paints the picture of how the continuation of totalitarian governments would result in a fearful society. 1984 reveals how constant surveillance, low food rations, and propaganda allows for citizens to practically become government property. Orwell uses symbols to develop themes such as the telescreen to develop how government surveillance results in citizens with modified behavior, blue overalls to prove...
2 Pages 1043 Words

Essay on Similarities Between '1984' and North Korea

‘1984’, a novel by George Orwell, represents a dystopian society in which the people of Oceania are watched by the government almost 24/7 and have no freedom which is a society we could never imagine real. But, today citizens of North Korea can be considered the same way as the novel. Though different technological and personal ways of keeping watch, today’s government is able to monitor most aspects of people’s lives. ‘1984’ might be a dystopian society, but today’s world...
1 Page 576 Words

Theme of Isolation and Fear Caused by Totalitarian Governments in '1984' and 'V for Vendetta'

The novel ‘1984’ and film ‘V for Vendetta’ are both works that explore how totalitarian governments cause isolation and fear through control. They demonstrate how methods such as propaganda, surveillance and fabrication of information assert control over the lives of their citizens and remove the individual freedom to create a mass of people living in a single unified movement. ‘1984’ In George Orwell’s novel ‘1984’ the government, known as the party, uses surveillance as a disciplinary tool to isolate the...
2 Pages 804 Words

Theme of Suppression of the Right to Personal Freedom in 'Blade Runner' and '1984'

“Power is not a means, it is an end. One does not establish a dictatorship in order to safeguard a revolution; one makes the revolution in order to establish the dictatorship” (‘1984’). In a society where citizens are stripped of their right to form an individual thought, forced into their line of work and have every action watched by their government, a dystopian society is formed. Leaders of these toxic bubbles strip their citizens bare of basic human rights and...
3 Pages 1397 Words

Analysis of ‘The Giver’: Compare and Contrast Essay

A society is essentially a community of people living together with there being a sort of order to everything. In novels, there can be two types of societies that can be present. The first is a utopian society which is defined by as “a place of ideal perfection especially in laws, government, and social conditions.”The second type of society is a dystopian society which is the complete opposite, in which there is an imaginary society where everything is unpleasant...
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Loss of Individuality in 1984

The society we live in will always push and suppress our individual thoughts, freedom, action and integrity; whether we like it or not. These classic pieces of literature, George Orwell’s ‘1984’ and Arthur Miller’s ‘The Crucible’, show us how our society’s loss of individuality is still being searched for even since the 1950s. A predominant theme in ‘1984’ and ‘The Crucible’ is the restriction of personal freedom by absolutist power which illustrates a common message allowing authors to position contemporary...
3 Pages 1473 Words

Human Behaviour In 1984 And Lord Of The Flies

That is part of the beauty of all literature. You discover that your longings are universal longings, that you’re not lonely and isolated from anyone. You belong. You find yourself in the stories you read. You find it comforting and cathartic to read about characters who struggle with the same things you do. You’re experiences, struggles, longings aren’t unique. They’re omnipresent. George Orwell’s dystopian novel, 1984, and Harry Hook’s adaptation film Lord of the Flies can be effectively compared and...
2 Pages 853 Words

The Problem Of Evil In Lord Of The Flies, Othello And 1984

Evil and vicious actions have been demonstrated throughout novels, poems, literature, media and real life. Some actions are regarded as too evil, like murdering someone. Some actions are considered ‘less’ evil, like stealing something from someone. In Lord of the Flies by William Golding, Othello by Shakespeare and 1984 by George Orwell, evil actions are highlighted by the author throughout the stories. Also in everyday life, one is exposed to a lot of evilness, such as student having fights in...
5 Pages 2383 Words

The Portrayal Of Government In Ray Bradbury's Fahrenheit 451 And George Orwell's 1984

Government is one of the constants of Human life on Earth, whether it be a freedom loving Democracy where everybody is equal, or a Totalitarian dictatorship in which human rights are quelled below the idols of money and power. Many pieces of popular culture display Governments as the latter. This is seen very well in ‘1984’ By George Orwell and ‘Fahrenheit 451’ by Ray Bradbury. ‘Fahrenheit 451’ is set in The United States and follows Guy Montag a fireman, who...
4 Pages 1881 Words

The Sources Of Complex Human Emotions In 1984 And Fahrenheit 451

Dystopian societies demonstrate the human emotion through the use of characterisation, specifically in regards to the way the character expresses themselves through their behaviour and language directed towards both themselves and other characters. This type of characterisation demonstrates the complexity of human emotions. Society affects the human experience through how it affects the human emotion due to the way it is managed. Commonly within dystopian societies, there are many negative side effects which can lead and does lead to negative...
1 Page 575 Words

1984 And Fahrenheit 451: The Understanding Of Reality And The Need To Challenge Injustices

Both 1984 and Fahrenheit 451 reflect a dystopian future where information is tightly controlled and the populace seems to care little for the fact that they are being lied to and manipulated into working for the ambitions of their government. Both governments in the story have taken control of the media, and thus the population and both characters are a part of agencies that help keep the government in control of the people. The novels explain how when a large...
4 Pages 1775 Words

Allusions in Brave New World and 1984

In both the novels ​1984​ by Orwell and ​Brave New World​ by Huxley, the story takes place in a dystopian world controlled by tyrannical governments where individuality doesn’t exist. Aldous Huxley who is an English writer, novelist, philosopher, and author of ​Brave New World ​argues that authoritarian governments are a threat to individuality and free thought which will lead to the loss of one’s identity. The book was written in 1931 right around the time assembly lines first became popular,...
2 Pages 756 Words

Human Experience in 1984 and The Brave New World

Texts such as 1984 by George Orwell and the film The Brave New World (TBNW) directed by Larry Williams clearly illuminate how an intoxication of power leads to the loss of freedom, individualism and relationships, all which are vital aspects of the individual and collective human experience. The human necessity for freedom is eradicated in both texts through the oppressive use of power. This is achieved in ‘1984’ through the constant use of surveillance on citizens. In contrast a drug...
4 Pages 1751 Words

The Concept Of Big Brother In The Novel 1984

Rising communist nations plagued the world with manipulation and oppression as a method to secure complete control. In societies completely controlled by a totalitarian government, no one has freedom. 1984 is a political novel written by George Orwell in which it warns of what can result from a totalitarian government. Orwell took the observations made from existing communist countries in the 1940s and created this oppressed world set in 1984. The authoritarian society, Oceania, is created to be a possibility...
4 Pages 1615 Words

The Character Of Big Brother In George Orwell's 1984

Investigating 1984 as an Impression of Orwell’s Way of thinking George Orwell’s 1984 is a book about Winston Smith, a low-positioning individual from The Gathering which rules the country of Oceania. The territory of Oceania in London is where our first and fundamental character Winston Smith lives. There are signs reminding residents that Big Brother is continually viewing. Big Brother is the pioneer of the gathering where Winston is a part of just as every one of the individuals of...
3 Pages 1197 Words

An Oppressive Society in George Orwell’s 1984 And Animal Farm

Oppression could be defined as “prolonged cruel or unjust treatment of authority”, thus is present in both George Orwell’s dystopian books “Animal Farm” and “1984” as such aspects of tyranny are integrated into the texts in order to create a perfect dystopian novel, introducing the reader into a world of repression and chaos. Orwell enhances the dystopias by presenting a tyrannical government who exploits and mistreats their people, highlighting the victimisation which occurs throughout the novel and novella. However, in...
2 Pages 781 Words

Totalitarian Society In 1984 By George Orwell

Social control is generally a societal and political system where it regulates an individual’s or group’s behavior. Leading to agreements to the rules of a given society, government, and/or social groups. The novel 1984, by George Orwell, is based on the social issues against the dangers of a totalitarian society. He explains that Wilson Smith, the protagonist suffers from maintaining his personality as he is recreated to follow and obey the Party’s image as he loves big brother. What the...
3 Pages 1169 Words

1984 Compared to Today Essay

What is a banned book? Banned books are books or other printed works, such as essays or plays, which are prohibited by law or to which free access is not permitted by other means. The practice of banning books is a form of censorship for political, religious, moral, or commercial motives. One such book is the novel 1984 by George Orwell. The novel had been banned or challenged numerous times on the grounds that it contained communist and sexual content....
7 Pages 2976 Words

The Themes and Ideas in 1984 and Brave New World

In both Orwell’s ‘1984’ and Huxley’s ‘Brave New World’, authority attempts to obtain complete control over their citizens, through destroying their sense of identity. The novels present the battle between individual consciousness and the State’s wishes for society. When ‘Brave New World’ was written in 1931, between the First and Second World War, the world was looking at massive technological advances, which both inspired and scared Huxley, as he imagined how these developments could be abused, for a more ‘efficient’...
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1984 By George Orwell: Political Ideology

“1984” is George Orwell’s view of how a totalitarian government will look in the future. Winston Smith, who works in London, in the United Kingdom, works in the Ministry of Truth, which is mainly the center of government propaganda. Winston begins to question the government and wants to know more. This book is a warning, inspiring your readers with a foreboding of what the world might resort to in the not-so-distant future. This book is not just a book, it...
2 Pages 906 Words

Social Commentary of 1984 as a Dystopia

The society described in Orwell’s 1984 in known as a dystopia. A dystopia is a society almost enslaved to the power in charge. The “Party” from 1984 is an example of an extreme dictatorship, while America is perceived by the world as a society that has abundant civil rights and freedoms. Yes, they seem polar opposites, but when you compare the two core values of both societies, you may see subtle similarities between the two. Mass 24/7 surveillance is one...
1 Page 424 Words

The Role Of Deception In George Orwell’s 1984

“Narcissists try to destroy your life with lies because theirs can be destroyed with the truth.” We are all encouraged at an early age to tell the truth. Told that we can better our lives if we follow this single rule. Yet deception and lies still creep into our lives. We’re each lied to 10 to 200 times a day, and tell a lie to others ourselves on an average of 1 to 2 times in that same period. In...
3 Pages 1165 Words
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