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1984 By George Orwell: Political Ideology

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“1984” is George Orwell’s view of how a totalitarian government will look in the future. Winston Smith, who works in London, in the United Kingdom, works in the Ministry of Truth, which is mainly the center of government propaganda. Winston begins to question the government and wants to know more. This book is a warning, inspiring your readers with a foreboding of what the world might resort to in the not-so-distant future. This book is not just a book, it is a warning about how our life would have changed if the government had full control over everything. In 1984, lies, myths, and false information control the thinking of citizens.

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The party uses propaganda as a deadly weapon of control. Propaganda raises the morale of citizens and makes them think that what the party tells them to do is always right. There are basically two types of propaganda: one changes the truth, the so-called double thought, and the other generates fear. Double Speech can often be seen in the 1984 world. The great slogan of the GUERRA ES PAZ party. SWEET FREEDOM Ignorance is power ”(George Orwell 4) is a good example. The idea of ​​the slogan is to convince citizens that they want what they already have. Only war can create peace and harmony so that peace is no longer peace, it becomes war; he who is a slave and wants freedom already has freedom; You can only strengthen yourself by not knowing things and being ignorant. The slogan changes the truth and leads people to believe that everything they want, except what their government wants, can only make them unhappy, so no one will consider rebellion because they believe that the party’s form of government is the best. the only way. “BIG BROTHER SEARCHES FOR YOU” (George Orwell, 3) is another central slogan. It is almost everywhere in the country and is usually shown under the image of Big Brother on a poster. This creates a fear of privacy among citizens, warning them that they are constantly monitored. At the same time, the slogan also emphasizes Big Brother’s ability to tell citizens that they are actually safe. The party uses this to make them believe that there can be nothing wrong with the party, and without Big Brother, they would not have such lives. Everyone thinks he is safe in Oceania because of Big Brother, but in fact, they are always in danger.

Laws are another powerful tool for politicians in 1984 to restrict citizen freedom. No parties, no meetings, no love, no citizens walking down the street after curfew, laws everywhere in Oceania. Although they are strictly implemented, theoretically they cannot be called theoretically, because they are not recorded in the system. In 1984 no laws were written, no constitution or court, but this is how fear is created because citizens always live in conditions of uncertainty. For example, “However, it is a fact that if Syme understands the nature of his secret views on Winston for at least three seconds, he will immediately betray his thoughts to the Police” (George Orwell, 30). There is no law defining a mental crime. Nevertheless, Winston can be arrested at any time for committing a mental crime, even for a small jerk of his face, which involves a fight, and his nervous system literally becomes his biggest enemy. Since there is no written law, the party is free to change and regulate the severity of laws at its discretion, citizens will never know if they have committed a crime, so no one is brave enough to challenge the party in any way. level so fear is created. In addition, Newspeak is another law that is used to consolidate party control. People use the language to express their ideas, excluding words and replacing such emotional words as “excellent”, “wonderful” and “fiction” with one word “good” and its comparative degrees “plus good” and “plus plus”. Many thoughts are truly limited because they cannot be formed in the minds of people. Citizens cannot have their critical thinking, and they do only what they are told, they work like computers, which surprisingly have only two words. In Oceania, surveillance is carried out almost everywhere, most often used television. Each apartment and on the street has a double-sided screen called a television, but they only serve for monitoring and propaganda, the party simultaneously gets a picture of what people are doing. You can even detect facial expressions. Only the main members of the Inner Party have the right to shut them down for a short time. Children also use to track their parents: “Children, on the other hand, systematically opposed their parents and were taught to monitor them and report their abnormalities”. In fact, it was used by the Chinese Communist Party during the cultural revolution. With extremely strong vigilance, citizens cannot express their ideas about the negative side of the party, and even thoughts are controlled because the party can “re-educate” people for incorrect facial expressions. Using language as a control tool and As evidence for prayer, Orwell creates a world in which language, words, or phrases can determine a person’s life. Through language, he plays a key role in the propaganda of the party, in strict laws and vigilance we get complete physical control and psychological manipulation. In Oceania, thoughts are suppressed until they disappear from generation to generation. There is nothing free in this world, not even a bird.

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1984 By George Orwell: Political Ideology. (2021, August 16). Edubirdie. Retrieved June 9, 2023, from
“1984 By George Orwell: Political Ideology.” Edubirdie, 16 Aug. 2021,
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