Crime & Its Effects on Society: Crime Reduction Initiatives

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Identify approaches used by public services to reduce crime, disorder, and antisocial behaviour:

NIM: The National Intelligence Model is a thoroughly structured Policing system/ reference approach. NIM features aspects of the following areas –

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  • Devised development – through collection and subsequent analysis of corresponding data, succeeding initiatives relating to reduction in crime can be drafted, altered, practiced, and advanced.
  • Acknowledgement & action of potential risks - Addressing connected risks, opens opportunities for further measures; to recognise and expect these dangers prior to the undertaking of pre-planned methods increases the possibility of reducing/ completely preventing such consequences prevailing.
  • Appropriation of sufficient resources – Where necessary, arrangements will need to be made in regard to supply, distribution, and assemblage of indispensable resources (these including monetary determinations, scientific research, employees, establishments, technology, etc.).

CSP’s: Community Safety Partnerships are groups formed collectively of local Public Service representatives (sourced from the Health Service, Fire Brigade, Police, etc.) collaborative function allows for effective indication of potential issues and thus, productive practices can be put in place.

PCSO’s: Through liaison approaches, Police Community Support Officers are responsible for alleviation of smaller conflictions. These Officers may pose to be the human embodiment of a deterrent; their presence and social abilities are implemented in a number of roles within the Police: For instance, front-line assistance, residential questioning, overseeing of crime scenes, and to communicate with members of the general public with the intent of reducing crime.

Neighbourhood Watch: Members of the Neighbourhood Watch merge to preserve the safety and welfare of their respective communities. As a voluntary organisation with members from all areas nationally, they have a total of over 2.3 million serving members.

CCTV (Close Circuit Television.): As a deterrent, surveillance cameras have been statistically proven to aid in the reduction of certain types of crime, in alliance with further preventative measures such as flood lighting. Security cameras have been seen to successfully avert vehicle theft/ damage. However, when observing similar data in respect to violent crime, there is little to no-difference in crime rates contributed towards by this technology.

NACRO: Similar to the neighbourhood watch, Nacro is a large charitable organisation, fuelled in the pursuit of supporting locals (of all backgrounds and needs) within corresponding communities. Approaches of communication, legal advice, and dedicated efforts made toward youth interrelations – crime is subsequently reduced through effective support and lawful intervention.

‘A new approach to fighting crime’ (Home Office): This modernised method of crime prevention/ intervention, is devised with the function of addressing serious and organised crime at a national level: with a delegated department for the upmost severity, it is believed greater focus and time can be invested in other forms of crime reduction strategies – including Community Safety Partnerships. To take place, a Police reform – revolved around objectives – is planned to instil greater levels of accountability and fulfilment of coinciding expectations. Police and Crime Commissioners are to be selected through election – their roles inclusive of budgeting, district representation, and management structure. Data collected will be made openly accessible to the public also, this is considered to aid in processes of community cooperation.Analyse how the strategies used by local community public services work to reduce crime disorder and antisocial behaviour. (M3):

Installation of security cameras holds many benefits to those utilising the equipment, not only present as a deterrent, CCTV footage may be used as evidence toward the investigation of a crime committed onsite or elsewhere, for example – where a missing person case is under analysis, local businesses may be asked to present corresponding security footage for the purpose of identification. Misconduct within one’s own establishment may also be acknowledged/ deterred in the presence of a camera. To regulate efficiency and security, this equipment is commonly implemented when granting access to a building – where a supermarket continually has staff members leaving & entering (during not open to the public hours) delegated persons will be responsible in admissions. Instead of having to repeatedly go to the door and physically check, a camera can be used here in coalition with a hand-held device to speed up the process yet preserve the security of the building. As for personal use, surveillance technology set to the exterior of the house and overlooking a drive way is likely to discourage any form of vandalism/ theft, and where such misdemeanours do occur, evidence collected via security footage can be used for the Police report and insurance claim.

A new approach to fighting crime: As the prevalence of serious organised crime continues to worsen, and the leaders of these feats avoid detection, this modernised initiative aims to strike the route cause and supress the outgoing consequences of subordinate associates. Taking county lines for example, individuals coordinating distribution, supply and hire workers that bypass their personal possibility of arrest through sending forth ‘risky’ manoeuvres over to young, impressionable or vulnerable people - run corrupt enterprises with no interlinked regard for the welfare of their ‘employees’ (who are likely under the age of eighteen.). The purpose of this initiative is to direct policing resources to the route of the problem, dealers who otherwise escape detection, rather than the continued expenses needed to counter subsidiary assistants obliged in keeping their employers anonymous to relevant services. Obviously, given the sizable tasks put forward to this department – funds required can be extensive, yet attending to this area of criminal conduct is to significantly hinder these dominating infractions currently debilitating Policing institutes.

In collaboration with the Police and other relevant services, members of the neighbourhood watch are accountable for the proper and thorough reporting of crime/ suspicious behaviour as well as the promoting of stronger and safer communities. The generalised motive for this group is to increase awareness and intervene before criminal behaviour occurs. For those particularly vulnerable, members of the watch will task themselves in ensuring that these people are safe and sufficiently supported. Where crime does ensue – these are recorded, and over extended periods a broadened theme can be assessed and tackled by the Police. Dependent on ones involvement (which is entirely voluntary) the responsibilities of these contributors vary.

Evaluate a local public service initiative designed to address crime and its impact on the community. (D2):

A large portion of the information and statistics discussed within this segment are sourced from the document referenced underneath.

To begin, a generalised demographic of crime prevalent in North Yorkshire, the strategies in place to counter these issues, as well as the anticipated outcomes of these approaches including potential obstacles that may surface. Due to the area’s lower population concentration, it should be expected that crime is of a lower occurrence, and that is true – North Yorkshire is considered to be the safest place to live. However, with that said there has been an increase in the quantity of crime taking place; that being a thirteen percent growth (data sourced from the Office of National Statistics “Crime in England and Wales (2018)”.). From the same source, it is easy to grasp a visual understanding of problem themes, public order offences, robbery, sexual offences, and possession of weapons are a few categories to see a vast increase in the number of accounts recorded.

As I began this brief overview on the basis of numerical data – I will conclude in the same manner. (Source for all numbers featured will again be present underneath.).

Recorded anti-social behaviour crimes have decreased rather significantly over the last two years, in February of 2018 there were 2008 incidents compared with the year 2020 (February) in which 1409 were recorded. When looking to violent offences, there seems to have been a dramatic increase (though I am only including the numbers documented in singular months – preceding dates also follow the same theme unless stated otherwise.) violent crime during February of 2018: 945 | February 2020: 1466. Public order offences have too seen an escalation in the amount reported: February 2018: 130 | February: 201. Those were the numbers for specific crime, I will now showcase the overall totals of recorded crime in the North Yorkshire area: The total for February 2018 was 5008 and for February 2020 the total was 5033.

Overall, I would say that the crime initiatives being introduced are a positive addition to all Public Services, as society develops and changes new obstacles are continually arising and these need to be addressed for lawful regulation to persist. Whilst the statistics featured above, excluding those relating to anti-social crimes, have seen little change or worsened in the duration of 2 years. Processes such as those mentioned within the North Yorkshire Community Safety Partnership strategic plan, will take time to pose effective. Modernised input does not have an instantaneous result without true priority and corresponding funds.

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Crime & Its Effects on Society: Crime Reduction Initiatives. (2022, September 15). Edubirdie. Retrieved July 19, 2024, from
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