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Double Consciousness in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and Fight Club

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Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is the main character in 'The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by British writer Robert Stevenson. Jekyll used the secret medicine developed by himself to separate the evil in his human nature. However, it is unexpected that the separated evil turns into an independent personality and shows itself, and then kills people on a large scale. Fight Club is one of the works of director David Fincher. The plot of the film develops with the collision and interweaving of jack and Taylor's two personalities. Both of these works revolve around the two sides of each person. My goal in this paper is to talk about dual personality, I think everyone has two sides. It's our bright side and our dark side. We are all a community of contradictions between good and evil.

My paper is mainly divided into four parts. Firstly, it discusses The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Then introduce the film's interpretation of the dual personality. Finally, compare the similarities and differences between the novel and the film. In my opinion, I don't believe that there is completely good or complete evil in the world. As the beloved and respected doctor, Jekyll. He invented a special potion that allowed him to twist his body into another person — the other side of doctor Jekyll, Hyde. Doctor Jekyll drank the potion and became Hyde. He had done all the wrong things in Hyde's body. In showing the contrast to this evil side of man, the author depicts Dr. Jekyll as an individual who is able to control his actions and remains rational all the time. Despite being engaged in the bad, he's able to project his actions to the right most of the time. It is not possible to be encompassed of one half of the being that’s good or evil, but humans are made of the two. As the book says, “did you ever want to be someone else? Are you looking at someone you know and thinking, 'he can do whatever he wants, why can't I? Do you ever want to be someone else who can do whatever you want, even if it's just for one day? No one is going to accuse you of that because no one knows it's you -- it's not you anymore. How exciting it would be to be someone else!” (35). When his body no longer restrained doctor Jekyll, the dark side of his heart burst out unbridled. Some people think it was the potion that made the handsome doctor grow short and ugly, from good to evil, from Jekyll to another man. But I don't think Hyde came out of nowhere. He had been hiding in doctor Jekyll's body, co-existing with him before he took the potion. The terrible power of the potion was that it did not strengthen the evil side of doctor Jekyll, but it made the good side of doctor Jekyll disappear completely. This is why the mere sight of Hyde in the book causes everyone to feel a visceral revulsion and intense revulsion. Hyde is the absolute embodiment of evil, without any of the goodness or goodness of human nature that we celebrate. So, before the potion was invented, Doctor Jekyll's two personalities conflicted, and he recognized the profound duality of human nature. He professed to be as sincere on both points: 'I am myself when I throw aside all restraints and plunge into the scandal, as I am when I toil in learning or alleviate the pain of others in broad daylight.'(25) As for the reason why doctor Jekyll has more distinct good and evil than ordinary people, and why the duality in his human nature becomes a disease, I think it is like this: it is related to doctor Jekyll's unaccepted and unrealized desire.

Good and evil are opposites, but in the novel, the noble and respected doctor and the devil Hyde are one and the same. This also highlights two sides of people. Doctor Jekyll has had great ambition since he was young, and he is talented and diligent. He has a high personal position, wants to achieve great achievements, and wants to be respected and admired by others, so he tries to suppress and cover up his like the writer examines restless love, and pleasure desire. In the book, he said, 'the great ambition I set for myself made me almost look at and cover-up this abnormal state with a kind of a morbid shame.' (17) When he later achieved and became a respected doctor, his inner debauchery and desire need to be carefully hidden from the outside world. Jekyll's entanglement lies in this. His identity conflict shows the conflict between two classes, one discarding the other, separating from the other, loathing each other, and attracting each other from different angles. Instead of being forgotten over time, these desires are subconsciously kept in the back of our minds. They gather energy like living volcanoes until one day, they explode. Doctor Jekyll is more restrained than most people in hiding his dark side. The more he wanted to pursue indulgent freedom, the more the two personalities pulled him apart, forming a state of a split personality. Hyde's evil is actually the evil side of the doctor's personality, but with such a status, he will always want to hide the evil, but once he has a face no one knows, his evil will burst out unbridled.

For the movie, Jack, the hero of the fight club, is an ordinary employee in a car company. His dull work and life are depressing. He yearns for freedom, has a strong desire for destruction, and severe insomnia and mental distortion have split him into another personality, Tyler. Tyler is full of rebellious, cruel, and crackling ruffian hero; he represents the heart of Jack the system's perverse unruly personality. Tyler founded the fight club and grew it, creating a legion of antisocial, destructive mindless believers. Jack discovers that Tyler is out of control and eventually discovers that he and Tyler are the same person. Even for a few minutes, he showed great greed for his companion's company. 'How do I get Tyler's attention' (Fight club). He genuinely wanted to embody all the characteristics of Tyler Durden; 'Tyler and I look more and more alike. We both punched the flippers out of our cheeks. Our feelings have lost their memory. After we were shot, we forgot where to slide back '(Fight club). In these two narratives, the characters' visual perception of the other self is different. There is also the urge to do the wrong thing. He has an evil side, ready to explode; He would say. 'That grown man is not real. But the real two '(74). Unfortunately. He would misbehave in any video. A terrible sense of guilt would form in his mind. Doctor Jekyll was willing to admit that he could see. 'Two competing natures in my field of consciousness (74). Dr. Jekyll then decided to apply his findings to the idea that people can be divided into two personalities. In the end, jack kills himself by swallowing a bullet that flies off his cheek. The film ends with a whole section of skyscrapers collapsing. With split personalities as the theme, both Frankenstein and Jekyll and Hyde end in self-destructive tragedies. But the fight club is a comedy from beginning to end. The films incisively and vividly display dual personalities and warn people that they are confronted with the problem of inner emptiness under the circumstance of gradually enriching material life. Maybe we all need to talk to ourselves and see if we can see ourselves in a ‘Fight Club’.

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'Fight Club' as a novel and movie of dual personality, and I think it is partly influenced by the classic book ‘The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Unlike Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, Tyler's character in the film isn't exactly evil. He's smart, unusual, and untouchable, always aware of his goal and attacking with all his might. Doctor Jekyll had his demons. There is also the urge to do the wrong thing. He has an evil side, ready to explode; He would say. 'That grown man is not real. But the real two '(74). Unfortunately. He would misbehave in any video. A terrible sense of guilt would form in his mind. Doctor Jekyll was willing to admit that he could see. 'Two competing natures in my field of consciousness (74). Dr. Jekyll then decided to apply his findings to the idea that people can be divided into two personalities.'It's all so far away. A transcript, transcript, transcript.' Insomnia distance everything. You can't touch anything, and nil can touch you '(Fight club). He described it as an out-of-body experience. And some of the richness later revealed in the narrative. When he fell into a state of insomnia. He's under the control of Tyler Durden as Tyler said. 'Every time you fall asleep, I run away and do something crazy.' Crazy stuff. It's all in my head '(Fight club). Taylor explained that the longer it took Joe to wake up. Lupus will he will fight to get his head back. This meant that he began to visit Tyler more and more frequently without his knowledge or free will. In both of these short stories the idea and theme of waking up emerge as another self-importance for you. Now at the fight club. The only time the main character turns into Tyler Durden is when he goes to sleep and wakes up half-asleep. Strange to say, doctor Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Doctor Jekyll invented an elixir of life that he could take away Mr. Hyde. Mr. Utterson said when he questioned Dr. Jekyll's control over Mr. Hyde. 'The moment I chose. I can get rid of Mr. Hyde '(58). Dr. Jekyll, however, overestimated his ability to control animals. Sometimes he wanted to prove that he didn't have to play Mr. Hyde anymore. But he is certainly tempted to do animals to get stronger every piece. This vision is similar to the way Joe embraced Taylor in his heart. How he wanted to be with Tyler.

Fight club is not just about destruction. Because of the great pressure in modern society, everyone needs to 'vent.' The reason why fight club exists is that people need to vent their frustration with pain. It was only later that Tyler went further. At the end of the movie, Jack's personality overpowers Tyler, which is the opposite of Jekyll and Hyde. Split personality is certainly not the only theme in the book, and Dr. Jekyll's split personality reflects the struggles of good and evil in each of us. The best part of the book, I think, is in the last chapter, the doctor's confession. Doctor Jekyll's account describes a great deal about the struggle between the two personalities. The conflict between doctor Jekyll and Mr. Hyde was only one between achieving a normal state before his reputation was ruined. He searches for elements that may help his metamorphosis back to his primary self. This did not work out as planned and ended in Mr. Hyde's self-destruction. It was to save him from the embarrassment of being exposed or to face the struggle of facing trial and being sent to the gallows.

These two different confrontations occur in two different ways because Tyler Durden's presence is the result of the psychological needs felt by the main character at the beginning of the novel. I feel sleepy. I'm too complete. I'm perfect. I want a lifestyle '(Fight club). He created Hyde in his own mind, and doctor Jekyll created Hyde in the immoral material expression of his own heart. Now a physical transformation is more difficult than a mental transformation. Thus, the novella ends with both characters trying to commit suicide, while the hero of the fight club shoots himself in the process. Not me. But when he thought about Tyler Durden, he made it. From the initial transformation to release myself to the description of desperate resistance that could not be changed back due to overuse -- from the initial release, happiness, and freedom to the final fear, despair and anxiety, I deeply felt a sense of despair and cold powerlessness in the process of reading.

I think the universe, the bottom of the sea and the human heart are the three most amazing beings. 'Know yourself is one of the eternal questions of mankind, but everyone looks at himself as if he were in a fog. So, I really admire Freud and Stevenson for their profound analysis of the duality of human nature. Our exploration of ourselves will never end, and how should we balance our inner good and evil and face our own desires? I think this requires us to explore and think more deeply.

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Double Consciousness in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and Fight Club. (2022, December 27). Edubirdie. Retrieved March 3, 2024, from
“Double Consciousness in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and Fight Club.” Edubirdie, 27 Dec. 2022,
Double Consciousness in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and Fight Club. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 3 Mar. 2024].
Double Consciousness in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and Fight Club [Internet]. Edubirdie. 2022 Dec 27 [cited 2024 Mar 3]. Available from:
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