The Financial Crisis: An Essay on Its Causes and Consequences

Essay type:
This essay sample was donated by a student to help the academic community. Papers provided by EduBirdie writers usually outdo students' samples.

Cite this essay cite-image

A financial crisis is a situation when businesses and consumers are unable to pay their debts, asset prices depreciate, and financial institutions go through a shortage of liquidity. There are several types of crises, including stock market crash, financial bubble or a currency crisis (Dabla-Norris et al., 2015). All these crises have similar causes, and the consequences are much more alike.

Among the most common causes of the financial crisis include a mismatch in liquidity. On rare occasions, financial institutions have asset-liability mismatch. In this scenario, the association of risks and the institution's assets and debts are not aligned appropriately. The institution is left unable to pay off its debts. For instance, a bank with deposit accounts that can be withdrawn at any time, but uses the proceeds to offer long term loans. This leaves the business at a disadvantage when the reports are removed, thus, crisis.

Save your time!
We can take care of your essay
  • Proper editing and formatting
  • Free revision, title page, and bibliography
  • Flexible prices and money-back guarantee
Place an order

As business goes on, often investors and business owners make rash decisions. And there is the tendency of individual choices and trends to spark uncertainty among the investors (Claessens et al., 2014). And in odd herd behavior, several investors make a move that turns out to be a mistake and harmful to them, their businesses, and the economy at large. Such causes a financial bubble, which is often a result of new economic and technical innovations that seemingly present the investors with opportunities like the dot com bubble of 2001.

Another concern when it comes to the financial crisis is the governance and regulations in play in a state. Finance affects the citizens and as such, governments seek to regulate the financial sector. Critical for management is transparency and helping commercial outfits have enough assets to support their operations. With this in mind crises arise from insufficient regulations and changing regulations without basis.

There are other causes for financial crises, but all lead to the inability of a commercial outfit to perform and meet its obligations. When this happens, the first public response often is panic (Claessens et al., 2014). Investors and clients alike fear which leads to withdrawal of funds and assets from businesses. It leads to falling of markets and loss of jobs, which also reduces a society’s productivity.

With jobs reducing and lost incomes, social lives are affected as well. There grows acute inequality among people, which contributes to the poverty levels. It is either you have something or not, and gives rise to social tensions with those considered poor worrying over their future while the rich scrambling over the safety of their assets.

Thankfully, financial institutions have measures and policies in place for handling crisis events. Unfortunately, however brief the crisis was, there always will be the long-term consequences. With panic and fear still fresh in the minds of business owners and public in general post-crisis, there is always the pressure for economic reform. This is an effort to avoid any future loses and protect investments. For those that last longer there is the fear of having a legacy of debt or the adoption of protectionism which limits the economic growth and development of a nation (Dabla-Norris et al., 2015).

Make sure you submit a unique essay

Our writers will provide you with an essay sample written from scratch: any topic, any deadline, any instructions.

Cite this paper

The Financial Crisis: An Essay on Its Causes and Consequences. (2022, October 28). Edubirdie. Retrieved June 21, 2024, from
“The Financial Crisis: An Essay on Its Causes and Consequences.” Edubirdie, 28 Oct. 2022,
The Financial Crisis: An Essay on Its Causes and Consequences. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 21 Jun. 2024].
The Financial Crisis: An Essay on Its Causes and Consequences [Internet]. Edubirdie. 2022 Oct 28 [cited 2024 Jun 21]. Available from:

Join our 150k of happy users

  • Get original paper written according to your instructions
  • Save time for what matters most
Place an order

Fair Use Policy

EduBirdie considers academic integrity to be the essential part of the learning process and does not support any violation of the academic standards. Should you have any questions regarding our Fair Use Policy or become aware of any violations, please do not hesitate to contact us via

Check it out!
search Stuck on your essay?

We are here 24/7 to write your paper in as fast as 3 hours.