Benefits of Free Trade for Developing Countries

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A free trade policy is one in which imports and exports are not limited. It can also be described as the application of the free market concept to foreign trade. Government will not discriminate against imports or interfere with exports by imposing tariffs or subsidies on import. Countries, especially those in the developing stage, profit from free trade in a variety of ways. A developing world is one country with limited economic resources and/or a low standard of living. Strategic free trade agreements would also aid the development of developing countries’ economies.

Free trade can help developing countries increase the amount of or gain access to economic capital. Economic resources are normally scarce in most countries. Land, labor and capital are all economic tools. In the economic marketplace, small developed countries often have the smallest quantities of natural resources. Small countries may receive the economic tools they need to manufacture manufactured products or services thanks to free trade agreements. Below are some of the benefits of free trade towards developing countries.

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Free trade will increase a country’s citizens’ quality of life. Imported goods are those that are not readily available within a country’s borders. For a developing world, importing products may be less costly than manufacturing consumer goods or services within its borders. Many developing countries lack the manufacturing processes needed to transform raw materials into valuable consumer products. In addition, developing countries with friendly neighbors will be able to import products more frequently. Importing items from neighboring countries ensures a reliable supply of ready-to-eat goods. Making the process work for citizens, on the other hand, necessitates a well-regulated and functioning government, which is uncommon in developing countries.

If trade expands, domestic businesses will face increased competition from abroad. As a result, there would be more motivation to reduce costs and improve performance. It has the potential to discourage domestic monopolies from charging excessively high prices.

Unintended implications of free trade include stronger foreign relations. International threats also target developing countries. Developing strategic free trade relations with more influential countries would assist a developing nation in becoming more stable in the face of external threats. International trade and economic ties often result in cross-national exchanges of information, ideas and culture. This also leads to a better understanding and amity among certain countries, and theory reduces the risk of commercial conflict and war.

In summary, developing countries can boost their production by taking advantage of free trade. Almost every country is capable of producing some kind of product or service. Lack of expertise or resources, on the other hand, may render output inefficient or ineffective. Free trade may be used by developing countries to fill in the gaps in their production processes. Local businesses also profit from their multinational partners’ access to cutting-edge technology. Employment prospects expand in tandem with the growth of local economies. Local workers receive work training from multinational corporations.

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Benefits of Free Trade for Developing Countries. (2022, October 28). Edubirdie. Retrieved May 30, 2024, from
“Benefits of Free Trade for Developing Countries.” Edubirdie, 28 Oct. 2022,
Benefits of Free Trade for Developing Countries. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 30 May 2024].
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