Protestant work ethic is a sociological concept developed by Max Weber in 1904-05. He looked at economic developments in regions of Europe and concluded that it was the result of religious belief that led them to success or failure. He suggested that Protestantism promoted a way of life and a daily code of conduct that pushed it ahead of Catholic countries. Acquisition and use of reported wealth is a major difference between Catholics and Protestants. This issue is studied in detail by David Landes in the book The Wealth and Poverty of Nations. Catholics accumulated great wealth through their empires, especially the gold and silver bars obtained in South America. Because they do nothing to obtain this wealth, it is easy for them to waste their wealth on luxury wars and wars. So even though Catholic countries, especially Spain and Portugal, once the gold flow is over, these countries will be indebted.
Without investing money, developing the means of production or saving, they end up going bankrupt. The countries of Northern Europe, where Protestantism flourished, experienced a different kind of wealth; they have capital and wealth through hard work, investment and economy. They invested in the development of production materials. Protestantism views wealth as potentially dangerous. According to Weber, the pursuit of wealth only becomes questionable if it is done for the purpose of leading a carefree and happy life after acquiring wealth. However, when wealth is acquired through hard work, it is not only morally permissible, but also expected. This leads to the concept of asceticism. According to the OED, asceticism is serious self-discipline, severe abstinence, austerity. This is where the characteristics of the Protestant work ethic emerge. Protestantism encourages an organization of asceticism. An individual must be orderly, economical, serious, diligent, productive, rational and autonomous. It is through this work ethic and the enforced sparing of asceticism that Protestants begin to accumulate capital and move up the social ladder.
Although marked by a myriad of regional and regional differences, Linda Colley argues that Welsh, Scots and Brits define themselves as British because they see themselves as a different and different ethnicity. Differences from other countries and peoples: a series of internal differences in response to contact Else and especially in response to a conflict with Else u201d. In particular, Protestantism served as a unifying agent in eighteenth-century conflicts with other nations, often involving colonies and trade routes across the world. The Protestant British viewed them as God's chosen and supported by God. This does not mean that the British are necessarily a very pious people. However, the Protestant worldview is such a fundamental aspect of their culture that it informs their thinking and identity, even when regular church attendance is not a priority. While the sincerity of Crusoe's conversion and his religious commitment have been disputed by critics since Defoe's novel was first published, Defoe portrays Crusoe in Crusoe.
Protestant scores were as close to him and as important to colonial abilities as he envisioned them in fiction. He created a Protestant who tolerated, engaged in essential practices rather than arguing over doctrine, deeply appreciating his own behavior in relation to his religion, a strong individual in encounter with the Lord and engaged in explanatory actions to see God Entrust Everything From the global characteristics to the daily details of his life. The British see themselves as saving the indigenous peoples from Catholicism as well as from their own ways. A historical fact helps shed light on the geopolitical implications of the Crusoe-Friday relationship. By isolating his main character on a desert island, Defoe effectively established Crusoe as a different and distinct character from the rest. Most importantly, Crusoe views his isolation as the result of the Divine Will; that is, God is both aware and responsible for his isolation.
Crusoe's Protestantism, developed and perfected through his island experience, and the plight of the other crew members appear to be a small dot without some anti-Cong references. Referring to the Friday described among his people, Crusoe noted that the policy of implementing a secret religion, in order to preserve the people's reverence for the clergy, was not only found in Rome, which may be part of it. of all the religions of the world. even among the most brutal and barbaric atrocities. This leads to the next question: How does the Protestant work ethic relate to Daniel Defoe's novel, Robinson Crusoe? While on the island, Crusoe displayed a strong Protestant work ethic. He exhibits several of the above personality traits: orderly, hardworking, economical, rational, self-reliant, diligent and efficient. Thomas Kemple points out that despite nature's infinity, Crusoe spends his time, allocates his resources, and closely notes the tools he can save from being wrecked in a non-transparent way. the expansion of capitalism. The system of methods he established for his calendar demonstrates the regularity of the Protestant work ethic. It is also safe to organize his daily routines, schedule work time, go out with [his] gun, sleep time and boating time, for savings and conservatives. Instead of eating corn right away, he uses corn to produce a larger crop to sustain him during the time he is on the island.
This shows a tendency to reinvest and reinvest Protestant wealth instead of using it without leaving it behind. The majority of his accounts on the island are descriptions of his work, so it's undeniable that he worked hard and had a strong work ethic. Crusoe's religion fluctuates throughout the book, for sometimes he reads the Bible diligently every day and other times with little or no mention of God. However, it was through hard work and dedication to his vocation on the island that Crusoe proved her faith. There were times when he found himself giving up the will of God and accepting his position and occupation on the island. It is the acceptance and acceptance of this call that has important implications for Protestantism.