Mindfulness meditation is imbued with centuries of Buddhist tradition and philosophy. Based on Jon Kabat-Zinn’s Mindfulness-Based Stress reduction method, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) was created by Zindel Segal, Mark Williams, and John Teasdale. Mindfulness has received a great deal of popularity in the therapeutic environment in the last two decades. Empirical results suggest that multiple clinicians utilize Mindfulness-based interventions techniques in interpersonal counselling environments. Michalak et al. (2019) published a study of the usage of mindfulness by German psychotherapists in private practice. In this research, more than 80 percent of psychotherapists identified utilizing mindfulness techniques at least once during individual psychotherapy with their patients. In addition to growing prominence in the fields of physical and mental wellbeing, mindfulness methods are often seen in a variety of other areas: in the United States, mindfulness techniques are also utilized in colleges, companies, the film industry, and the military. There are currently four well-recognized therapy frameworks that integrate mindfulness practices:
- In the 1970s, Jon Kabat-Zinn, the inventor of a mindfulness-based stress-reduction system, was one of the first people to try to incorporate Buddhist concepts of mindfulness into his research in science and medicine.
- In the 1970s, Marsha Linehan formed DBT with the aid of some Western and Eastern philosophical influences.
- ACT, founded at the end of the 1980s by Steven Hayes, Kelly Wilson and Kirk Strosahl often combine Eastern theories and strategies.
- At the beginning of the 21st century, Zindel Segal, Mark Williams and John Teasdale founded MBCT on the research of Kabat-Zinn.
There are several forms of mindfulness meditation conducted in and out of therapeutic environments. Gentle yoga motions and sitting, cycling, or mountain exercise should be found in relaxation methods as a means to enhance the perception of bodily experiences. Visual signals help an individual retain the knowledge of activity, breathing, and feelings during a variety of different exercises.
In the clinics if we perform ‘Two Steps, One Breath”, will take a moment to pause, feel both feet on the surface, and then experience inhalation and exhalation. A simple action like this just requires a moment and will help us focus, move through the current moment, and stay in contact with the individual. Let’s imagine that we are stuck with an angry patient. And we are feeling nervous, frightened, or puzzled. We note that we are beginning to clench teeth and tighten our hands and curious what to do. Until formulating an answer, we may want to pause for a moment to return to our breath, to the sensations of sitting, or the sounds in the house. And, in silence, we may say to ourselves, can we all be safe. That we all live with knowledge and compassion. Mindfulness practices may be effective strategies to improve our capacity for negative feelings, increasing our willingness to be alert when seated in discomfort. As part of a holistic approach to treatment, mindfulness is also incorporated into many therapeutic approaches. Also, mindfulness is suitable for people who are searching for more intense and vibrant interaction with dealing with reality. Mindfulness activities should be used to reinforce contemporary fashion as a powerful outlet for communication with the beauty of the moment (Geschwind et al. 2011).
While there is currently no definition about how to describe mindfulness, the basic definition applies to the practice of cultivating, in a nonjudgmental way, a greater understanding of what is occurring within one’s mind and body from moment to moment. MBCT lets people understand how to identify their sense of self and to perceive themselves as distinct from their emotions and moods. This intervention is conducted as a weekly group recovery regimen for a span of eight weeks. Many mental health providers have implemented thoughtfulness-promoting practices into therapy sessions, and such exercises have been found to significantly relieve signs of distress, alleviate tension, and enhance cognitive regulation, irrespective of the actual problems being discussed. More research is required to recognize specific neural changes due to mindfulness meditation, particularly in clinical communities who are progressively undergoing meditation-based therapies. Mindfulness allows us to communicate with ourselves and others, to respond productively to difficult circumstances, and to find more harmony in our busy lives. Mindfulness work has found that there are multiple advantages of mindfulness, including:
- Reduced stress response
- Enhanced immune system function
- Enhanced caring capability
- Strengthened ability to regulate emotions.
- Changes in anxiety and depressive symptoms
- Increased willingness to observe situations of more insight and objectivity.
To conclude, an increasing number of practitioners have incorporated mindfulness into interpersonal counselling during the last decades. Several reviewers have reported methodological deficiencies in certain MBCT research, such as low sample size, lack of test groups, and lack of randomization, both of which can affect the findings obtained. Since research on this issue is in its infancy, we are conscious that our guidelines are preliminary and just one of a few different viewpoints on the problem of what healthy incorporation of mindfulness into individual counselling would look like. In fact, the extension of mindfulness to various medical areas has the character of a mass campaign that is being sought by practitioners. Consequently, the ideas that we are advocating would undoubtedly need to be updated and expanded in the future.