In the play ‘The Crucible’ by author Arthur Miller, it is very apparent that Miller presents an overall unbalanced view of men and women. The Crucible is a play about the Salem witch trials that took place in Massachusetts and begins with a girl named Abigail. She performs witchcraft and once caught, accuses others of the small village ruled by the theology of witchcraft. She does this to murder the wife of a man called John Proctor, with who she had an affair a few months prior. The theme of gender roles is portrayed through the characters in the play. It is thoroughly demonstrated that women in this society are inferior to men. Moreover, it is a given that women in the Crucible consist of stereotypical traits.
Arthur Miller shows the inferiority that women have to men throughout ‘The Crucible’. An example of Tituba, a slave from Barbados, is intimidated by Samuel Parris because ‘…her slave sense has warned her that…trouble in this house eventually lands on her back’ (Miller, 1, 8). This shows that Tituba is in constant fear of Samuel Parris as a male figure in the household, especially with the accusations of witchcraft that put her in a more uncomfortable and frightful situation with men. Furthermore, once Abigail Williams began bullying the girls into doing what she wants, even resorting to violence with Betty who is ‘frightened of Abigail’ (Miller, 1, 18), but once John Proctor enters the room where the girls are, Mary Warren ‘can barely speak for embarrassment and fear’, and Abigail ‘has stood as though on tiptoe, absorbing his presence, wide-eyed’ (Miller, 1, 20). Their terror and stillness indicate their subservience and inferiority to John Proctor. In addition, Elizabeth is also shown as inferior to John Proctor. An example being when John Proctor states, ‘You will not judge me more.’ (Miller, 3, 115) which indicates that Elizabeth obtains no obligation and right to stand up to the male figure, even though it is for John Proctor’s wrongdoings. Additionally, even in the court under the word of the lord, she denied Proctor’s affair with Abigail. Which further implies that women respect their husbands so much that they cannot bring themselves to say anything that could hurt their reputation. These examples demonstrate the servitude and unbalance of women and men.
The Crucible has portrayed a character by the name of Abigail Williams in many gender-related stereotypical ways. She has been seen in ‘The Crucible’ as a manipulative and evil person. Abigail sent many people of the village to their deaths because of pettiness against Elizabeth and John Proctor. Williams states, “You loved me, John Proctor, and whatever sin it is, you love me yet!” (Miller, 1, 24). With this, Williams confessed her acts of witchcraft to John Proctor and shows no remorse, with her only focus to do anything possible to get what she wants. Abigail represents the stereotypical angst female that only cares about what she wants.
In the end, ‘The Crucible’ by Arther Miller has an unbalanced view of men and women that shows that women are inferior to men and once given the chance at power, will take it even if they have to destroy lives to have it. Miller shows how women perceived that they were inferior through their reactions to the presence of men. He also telegraphs themes of the maliciousness of women through their deeds in the witch trials. Throughout the Crucible, these notions build an overall theme of imbalance between men and women.