Everyone knows that Tibet issue was starting from 1951, especially later the Dalai Lama leading more than 80 thousand Tibetans exiled to India. In fact, Chinese communist government were invaded Tibet and between Chinese communist Government and Tibet government signed so-called “Seventeen Point Agreement” in 1951.
The Dalai Lama’s Press Statements (Statement issued at Tezpur 18th April 1959) showed us ‘ 2-In 1951, under pressure of the Chinese Government, a 17-Point Agreement was made between China and Tibet. In that Agreement, the suzerainty of China was accepted as there was no alternative left to the Tibetans. “
The Central Tibetan Administration of H.H the Dalai Lama which was formed after 1960 and international law expert Eckart Klein consider it invalid and as having been signed under duress.
Actually, Tibet were becoming the colonial of Chinese Communist Government in the past nearly 70 years. At the same time, Tibet people never stopped as against for the colonial of Chinese Communist Government during this time. Especially since 2009, there are starting self-immolation in Tibet, which show the world as there was no choice left to the Tibetans, also it is a sort of highest action of non-violence in the world.
Now we can see what happening in there but perhaps we don’t know why we should support Tibet Issue. In my opinion, the following three things very important to know as soon as possible.
Firstly, Tibet civilization has long history and highest protect value. There are three situations display to us. One, we know that Tibet is the water tower of Asia, including mother rivers of Asia such as Chinese mother river (Yellow river) and India mother river(ganga), Southeast Asia mother river (Mekong river). What is mother river? Everyone impossible to deny that means their civilization origin as these rivers. Even though we need to research details, but Tibet rivers were created as Asia civilization. At the same time, according to science news: “Denisovans reached what’s now called ‘the roof of the world’ at least 160,000 years ago. Found in a Tibetan Plateau cave, a partial lower jawbone represents a Denisovan who is the oldest known hominid to reach the region’s cloud-scraping heights, researchers report online May 1 of 2019 in Nature.” Which shows Denisovans lived on the Tibet Plateau long before humans, perhaps later Denisovan and Homo sapiens were mixed in there and became modern Tibet people? Is that Tibet Denisovan Asian ancestor?
Two, Tibet language is carrying on four major religions such as Tibet traditional religion of Bon, Tibetan Buddhism, Tibetan Christianity, Tibetan Islam from before twenty centuries. There are over 7,000 languages in the world today, each with their own histories and sounds. The question is how many languages are carrying on those major religions before twenty centuries? Does Tibetan language have harmony value? Why Tibet language has self-confidence more than other major languages before twenty centuries?
Three, what is the future civilization in the world? Nobody knows the answer, but We could guess it. Our world is changing which means will be establish a new civilization, because we just crossed from River civilization, nomadic and agricultural civilization to industrial and commercial civilization. Now facing many challenges and problems, which should to resolve it and I believed that humans use a new civilization can resolve it. Tibet culture already involved establish of the future civilization (such as H.H the Dalai Lama is leading Tibetan Buddhists philosophers dialogue with scientist and set up non-religion education) if this new civilization builds on existing civilization.
Secondly, The Tibet Plateau plays a key role in protecting the global ecology. Ten of Asia’s major rivers and lakes originate in this region, nurturing more than three billion people in China, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand, Myanmar, Laos and Bangladesh, an area that accounts for half of the global population.
Since the eco-environment of the Tibetan plateau has suffered varying degrees of damage, the plateau that previously provided so many benefits to the environment has gradually become a source of meteorological hazards to nature and man, including blizzards, strong winds, frost, drought, deluges and hail. Most serious is the significant flooding resulting from the melting of mountain snows in the summer, and desertification from sand carried by strong winds. And then there is the huge impact on those making a livelihood in farming and herding as a result of hail, drought, excessive rain and frost, as well as the diseases that accompany these disasters.
As a source of great rivers and lakes, the Tibetan snow plateau’s practical value for humanity and society far surpasses the political demands of the Tibet issue. As a result, examining, or re-examining, the multifaceted and complex Tibetan issue has become a top priority.
Several years ago, someone predicted that there would be a “water war” in the not-so- distant future. The factors described above suggest that this is an objective reality. Which means ‘water war’ refugees will be cross whole of the world, especially Western world.
Thirdly, according to introduced as ‘ ‘The Geographical Pivot of History’ is an article submitted by Halford John Mackinder in 1904 to the Royal Geographical Society that advances his heartland theory. In this article, Mackinder extended the scope of geopolitical analysis to encompass the entire globe. ” “The Heartland lay at the centre of the world island, stretching from the Volga to the Yangtze and from the Himalayas to the Arctic. Later, in 1919, Mackinder summarised his theory thus:
‘Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland;
who rules the Heartland commands the World-Island;
who rules the World-Island commands the world.’
(Mackinder, Democratic Ideals and Reality, p. 150)
Mackinder’s Heartland was the area then ruled by the Russian Empire and after that by the Soviet Union. We can see that why Joseph Stalin were directed Mao Zedong to invaded and occupied Tibet in 1950s. Actually, Tibet issue is an unresolved problem left in the battle of between liberalism and communism.
Given that the current situation affects not only Chinese or Tibetans, but all of the earth’s inhabitants, we need to come up with a solution that will ultimately benefit the entire global village. And this solution should begin with the advantages inherent in the Tibetan snow plateau. We should turn this into a mutually beneficial “natural park for the global village.” Which I was wrote an article as the fragile ecology in 2005 and described the solution suggestion. You can read it in English online.
Clearly Tibetans do not have any objective elements to support the success of their demands for the future – for example, they appear at a disadvantage in politics, culture and economics. However, they do possess the amazing courage of their convictions, a deep longing for freedom and a strong determination to maintain their struggle. Therefore, the ‘right to self-determination’ is an amulet (providing power and protection) for Tibet. It has flexible and its results are determined by Tibet people.
In my opinion, the ‘right to self-determination’ for Tibet people is also supported by internationally included the Chinese Communist Government) accepted codes of conduct, as follows:
- UN General Assembly, reaffirming its resolutions 1353 (XIV) of 21 October 1959, 1723 (XVI) of 20 December 1961 and Resolution 2079 (XX) 1965 on the question of Tibet and including their right to self-determination.
- The People’s Republic of China (PRC) signed the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), on October 5, 1998, but has yet to ratify it. However, the PRC has signed The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) on 27, October 1997) and ratified it in 2001.
- The ICESCR defines a broad set of rights related to the economic, social, and cultural elements of life that States must provide to their citizens. Specific rights relate to:
- Cultural rights (including language and religion)