China has the most diversity compared to most other countries. China has some well-known animals such as the giant panda, the golden monkey and the snow leopard. China has some of the most diverse plant life and one of the best ecosystems in the world. China has the greatest diversity of wildlife in the world. There are more than 2,000 species of terrestrial vertebrates, more than 10 percent of the world’s total. There are 1,189 known species of birds, nearly 500 animal species, more than 210 species of amphibians and 320 species of reptiles. Among the wild animals, there are many rare species found only in China. These include the giant panda, golden monkey, white-lipped deer, takin, Chinese river dolphin and Chinese alligator.
Marsupials were saved from competition with more highly developed mammals. Birds unique to Australia also survived, and distinctive trees and plants developed. There are about 280 species of mammals, 800 of bird, 300 of lizard, 140 of snake and two of crocodile. Of the mammals, almost half are marsupials. The rest are either placental mammals or monotremes and most are unique to Australia. Australia’s best-known animals are the kangaroo, koala, platypus, wombat and spiny anteater. Australia has 20,000 species of plants, including living fossils such as the cycad palm and the grass tree, and brilliant wildflowers such as the waratah, Sturts desert pea, the flowering cones of banksia trees, and the red and green kangaroo paw. The continent has 700 species of acacia, which Australians call wattle, and 1,200 species in the Myrtaceae family which includes eucalypts or gum trees. Wildflowers turn the arid and savanna grassland areas of Australia into carpets of colour after rain. Native forests are limited mainly to wetter coastal districts and rainforests are mainly in Queensland.
Education is required and free for Chinese citizens age 6 to 15 though parents must pay fees for books and uniforms. Chinese children all get a primary and middle school public education. Each class averages 35 students. After middle school, parents must pay for public high school. Most of families in cities can afford the fees, but in rural parts of China, many students stop their education at age 15. For the wealthy, there is a growing number of private schools in China as well as dozens of international private schools. In china high school students start preparing for the national Gaokao. The Gaokao is an extremely important test which decides the fate of the student’s education. If they pass the test which only 40% pass they will be accepted into year 10, 11 and 12 and have a better chance at getting into a better university then the others. If they don’t pass they will leave school at the end of year 9 and must find their own way to live their lives.
School education in Australia includes preschool, preparatory (or kindergarten), primary school, secondary school (or high school) and senior secondary school (or college). Schooling lasts for 13 years, from preparatory to senior secondary. School is compulsory until at least the age of 16. Types of schools include government schools, non-government schools (including faith-based schools such as Catholic or Islamic schools) and schools based on educational philosophies such as Montessori and Steiner. All schools must be registered with the state or territory education department and are subject to government requirements in terms of infrastructure and teacher registration. Australian schools do more than just educate students. They prepare them for life − developing communication skills, self-discipline and respect for themselves, their peers and their world. Schools offer a broad curriculum in the key learning areas – English, mathematics, studies of society and the environment, science, arts, Languages Other Than English (LOTE), technology, health and physical education. They also believe strongly in the benefits of a rounded education – including the teamwork, self-expression and personal development that happen outside the classroom. In Australia, students will enjoy a diverse learning environment that is as personally enriching as it is educational, and develop the skills and qualities needed in a changing world.
Taoism or Daoism is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao it literally means ‘the Way. The Tao is a fundamental idea in most Chinese philosophical schools in Taoism, however, it denotes the principle that is the source, pattern and substance of everything that exists. Taoism differs from Confucianism by not emphasizing rigid rituals and social order but is similar in the sense that it is a teaching about the various disciplines for achieving ‘perfection’ by becoming one with the unplanned rhythms of the universe called ‘the way”. Taoist ethics vary depending on the school, but in general tend to emphasize action without intention, ‘naturalness’, simplicity, spontaneity, and the three treasures, compassion, frugality and humility.
Religion in Australia is diverse. Section 116 of the constitution of 1901 prohibits the Commonwealth government from establishing a church or interfering with the freedom of Australia. In an optional question on the 2016 Census, 52.1% of the Australian population declared some variety of Christianity. Historically the percentage was far higher; now, the religious landscape of Australia is changing and diversifying. In 2016, 30.1% of Australians stated, ‘no religion’ and a further 9.6% chose not to answer the question. Other faiths include Muslims (2.6%), Buddhist (2.4%), Hindus (1.9%), Sikhs (0.5%), and Jews (0.4%). Australia’s aboriginal people developed the animist spirituality of the dreaming and some of the earliest evidence on earth for religious practices among humans has been found in the archaeological record of their ancestors. Torres strait islander religion bore similarities to broader Melanesian spirituality. The general isolation of indigenous Australian religion ended with the arrival of the first British settlers in 1788, where after subsequent immigrants and their descendants have been predominantly Christian.
Sport in China has been long associated to the martial arts. Today China (including mainland china, Hong Kong and Macau) consists of a variety of competitive sports. Traditional Chinese culture regards physical fitness as an important characteristic. China has its own national quadrennial multi-sport event similar to the Olympic games called the national games. The largest audience for a single sporting event within the boundaries of mainland China was a football match in the Tianhe Stadium in Guangzhou. soccer is a popular sport. The average attendance of the Chinese super league games in 2017 was 23,766 spectators. Badminton and table tennis are also popular sports in China. Prior to the 1990s, sports were entirely funded by the government.