The products of organic design and Art Nouveau movement are catching my attention. I love the elements that those products used from the movement. I love those design products with nature style very much. Since I always think that nature is the artwork of God and they are really perfect. Also, I would like to learn some other features of different design elements. It is because my designs are always using some simple rectangular shape or some lines. I think it is a bit bore. I hope to learn a lot from these two art movements.
Let me introduce some background information about these two movements. For Art Nouveau, it was a movement that emerged in Europe in late 1880. Designers and architects want to create new art and bring it to people’s everyday lives. The term ‘Art Nouveau’ comes from French and means ‘new art’. Under the British Arts and Crafts movement, Art Nouveau represents the rise of historicism and is therefore often referred to as the first modern and international style. The Art Nouveau design style is dominated by the curves of Spain, France, the United Kingdom, and the United States. There are many straight lines in Scotland and Germany. Use simple geometric abstract linear patterns in Scotland. Use gorgeous flowing lines in France. In Belgium, using organic wire-based lines, it is good at combining iron and glass. In Spain, ceramic mosaics and concrete structures are used for arc modelling. The Art Nouveau movement spreads in most cultures and European countries and is also spreading in North America. The artist hopes to combine art and applied art, even practical objects. In response to the advancement of the modern era and the spirit of its transformation, the movement rejected blind plagiarism of past styles and tended to choose and manipulate styles that are relevant to the present.
And for organic design, it is a product design style that starts with organic, flowing natural forms. Using nature as the basis of our design, buildings or designs must grow from nature’s growth. Most architects design their buildings into a shell and force them into it. Nature grows from the concept of seeds, and extending to the surrounding environment. Therefore, buildings resemble organisms, reflecting the beauty and complexity of nature. The organic design originated from the concept of organic architecture pioneered by American architects Frank Lloyd Wright and Macintosh in the late 19th century. Wright and Macintosh believe that individual elements such as furniture should be visually and functionally integrated into the indoor environment and the overall building. In addition, they believe that the building should pass through the structure, and the materials or colors used to have a special relationship with the surrounding environment. Although the concepts of nature and integration exist in their minds, they do not indicate that it is not common to use organic shapes when their work appears. Before applying organics to design, the flow and organic circuits we are seeing now begin to emerge. In recent years, organic design has received more attention in the 1990s.
The most important features of the Art Nouveau style are vibrant, wavy and smooth lines. It’s like making a vibrant traditional decoration, and the expression grows like a plant. For the art movement, it has a close relationship with the pre-Raphaelite and symbolic painters, but the Art Nouveau movement has its own unique image. Unlike the conservative Raphaelite predecessor, the Art Nouveau movement uses new materials. The appearance of the machine and the abstract pure design service. The word ‘whipping’ was also often applied to the characteristic curves used by Art Nouveau artists. This decorative ‘whiplash’ pattern is formed by dynamic, undulating and smooth lines in a split rhythm that runs through architecture, painting, sculpture and other forms of Art Nouveau design.
The organic design features natural materials and a smooth round form. It usually uses a seemingly natural amorphous form. It usually mimics naturally occurring structures such as cells, nets, bones or crystals. It leaves the classic heavy-duty load-bearing structure with a more flexible and flexible structure. Cycling methods include streamlines and soft shapes, asymmetric structures, plastic volumes, and dynamic forms.
These two movements have some same and differences in their characteristics. Firstly, the Art Nouveau movement advocates the use of highly stylized natural elements as a source of inspiration and expansion of ‘natural’ elements such as algae, grass, and insects. Therefore, it has begun to widely use organic forms, curves, especially flowers or plants. But for organic design are using the wavy lines, dynamic curves and powerful arches stand in stark contrast to the geometric functional style represented by functionalism. Somehow is using the lines of the organic biomagnification.
The product of organic designs is forming a form of natural style, as a design method, has a long history, giving life and fun to the product. They are the result of many generations of observations and studies of nature. But for Art Nouveau is using vibrant, wavy and smooth lines to present.
Texture materials are a key element in organic product design. Functionally or aesthetically. But Art Nouveau is to pursue something virtual.
Organic product design and Art Nouveau are pursued the functional nature of the functional system is considered to be the highest level of product design. The functionally oriented organic design draws inspiration from the outstanding features of existing natural systems and technically imitates them to create more beneficial products for human life. Designers have been working hard to produce better, more aesthetically pleasing, and more powerful products while improving their design thinking and skills.
In social influence, Art Nouveau architecture and interior design steer clear of the 19th-century eclectic renaissance style. Hyperbolic and parabolic lines in windows, arches, and doors are common in buildings, and the decorative lines ‘grow’ into plant-derived forms. Like most design styles, the Art Nouveau movement seeks to coordinate its form. The text above the entrance to the Paris Metro uses the quality of the rest of the ironwork in the structure. While Art Nouveau designers choose and ‘modernize’ some of the more abstract elements of Rococo styles, such as flame and shell textures, they also advocate the use of very stylized organic forms as a source of inspiration to extend the ‘natural’ repertoire using algae, grass, and insects. Just like the soft fusion of the 17th-century auricles, the best example of Dutch silverware is another influence.
In social influence, designers are inspired by organic design in the development of modern product design. For examples, Piaggio’s 1946 Vespa electric scooter uses a streamlined dome chassis. Charles Eames’ fiberglass ‘Dax’ armchair was designed in 1950 with an organic molded seat. In the 1970s, organically designed plastic furniture flourished. Since 2000, automotive design has been characterized by a strong trend in flow patterns (such as the redesigned Mini Cooper). The designs of product designers such as Ron Arad, Luigi Colani, Massimo Iosa Ghini, Ross Lovegrove and Philippe Starck are clearly influenced by organic design.
In cultural influence, Finnish architect Alto Aalto is one of the founders of organic design. His design philosophy has deeply influenced later designers such as Charles and Ray Eames. Otto advocates the use of natural materials. Meet the user’s psychological and functional needs for the product. In 1940, the Museum of Modern Art in New York hosted ‘Home Organic Design’, curated by Eliot Fete Noyes. The purpose of the competition is to display furniture and household items using organic materials or design methods. The plywood chair designed by Charles Eames and Eero Saarinen won the Best Seat Award in the living room category. His architectural work also reflects the organic design style, which is particularly evident in the US global airline TWA terminal at JFK Airport in New York.
In cultural influence, Japanese painting tsunagu is inspired by the curves of Art Nouveau, the appearance of patterns, contrasting spaces and flat screens. Also, designers of Art Nouveau and the ‘modernization’ of elements extracted from certain Rococo styles (such as the texture of flames and shells). For examples, Arthur Mackmurdo’s book cover for Wren’s City Churches (1883), with its rhythmic floral motif, is often considered the first realization of the Art Nouveau movement. At about the same time, the plane perspective and strong colors of Japanese prints, especially the prints of Katsushika Hokusai, had a strong influence on the production of Art Nouveau. Japonisme, popular in Europe in the 1880s and 1890s, has a particular influence on many organic forms and artists in the natural world.
In technological influence, the London Design Museum held the ‘Organic Design Exhibition’ in 1991. In order to show a new manufacturing process, technological advances in new materials (especially plastics) and computer-aided design to help restore organic design styles. For today, a British designer Ross Love describes his own design style, combining ergonomic near-sculpture shapes with the latest materials. The manufacturing process has created many classics, including pressure injections made of high-formed magnesium alloy Go chairs. Lovegrove believes that when life is combined with an inanimate object, it creates a sense of harmony and subtle shape. Since then, this is the most attractive forest, strongly promoting organic design.
In technological influence, Artists and designers of Art Nouveau observe the balance of tension, rhythm and mechanical principles from the stems of plants. They combine the art and technology They also understand that machinery itself is an autonomous organism and uses technology to express artistic forms or design concepts. Also, using math and styling applications, the plant and animal tissues are magnified by a microscope and their structural patterns are inferred mathematically. The artist will construct the equivalence and equivalence formulas on the line and geometry and apply them to furniture, interior design, building facades, etc.
After study these two design movements, I learn more about the different characteristics of the past design movements. I love the style of organic design. The functionally oriented organic design draws inspiration from the outstanding features of existing natural systems and technically imitates them to create more beneficial products for human life. The design projects that I find in organic design either imitate or were inspired by nature in terms of their shape, texture or function. This product design is currently the global messenger of this new revolutionary way of thinking, and in the near future will promote changes in production systems, making them more sustainable and compatible with life. I learn to enjoy those products designed by the past. They are also full of enchantment.