The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether there is any relationship between Narcissism and self-efficacy , to see if participant who score high on Narcissism also score high on Self efficacy. For the present investigate a sample of 60 were selected and is segregated into 3 age group , Adolescents ( 10M 10F) , Young Adulthood ( 10M 10F), Middle Adulthood ( 10M 10F). Correlation Analysis , t-test and ANOVA was done on the data. It was hypothesized that people having traits of Narcissism will not be high on Self efficacy . From the results obtained it is observed that there is a postitive significant correlation between Narcissism and self efficacy, which means people having narcissitic trait will be high on self efficacy. The results also show that there is no significant gender difference in the scores of Narcissism and Self- efficacy.
Narcissism is the pursuit of gratification from vanity or egotistic admiration of one’s idealized self image and attributes. Narcissism is characterized by a grandiose sense of self-importance, a lack of empathy for others, a need for excessive admiration, and the belief that one is unique and deserving of special treatment.
Narcissism is characterized by an inflated self-image and addiction to fantasy, by an unusual coolness and composure shaken only when the narcissistic confidence is threatened, and by the tendency to take others for granted or to exploit them. The disorder is named for the mythological figure Narcissus, who fell in love with his own reflection. ( Rhodewalt, F )
In 2008 psychologist Jean M. Twenge of San Diego State University and her colleagues found that narcissism scores have been climbing among American college students in the U.S. for the past few decades. Although the data are controversial, these scholars argue that we are living in an increasingly narcissistic culture. Some of the opprobrium heaped on narcissists is surely deserved. Yet research paints a more nuanced picture. Although narcissists can be difficult and at times insufferable, they can also make effective leaders and performers. Moreover, because virtually all of us share at least a few narcissistic traits, we may be able to learn something about ourselves from understanding them. Lilienfeld, S.O., Arkowitz, H. (2013)
On the other hand Self-efficacy refers to an individual’s belief in his or her capacity to execute behaviors necessary to produce specific performance attainments (Bandura, 1977, 1986, 1997). Self-efficacy reflects confidence in the ability to exert control over one’s own motivation, behavior, and social environment. These cognitive self-evaluations influence all manner of human experience, including the goals for which people strive, the amount of energy expended toward goal achievement, and likelihood of attaining particular levels of behavioral performance. Unlike traditional psychological constructs, self-efficacy beliefs are hypothesized to vary depending on the domain of functioning and circumstances surrounding the occurrence of behavior. ( Carey, M.P., Forsyth, A.D )
Since Narcissism is all about excessive self love and belief that one is unique it is thought that people who are having Narcissism trait will be high on Self efficacy since they would have a high confidence in themselves that they have capacity or an ability to complete a certain tasks. If narcissism trait people only think about themselves and considers themselves to be in a need for admiration that means they will be very particular about completing their own tasks with a lot of confidence and perfectness.
But according to the only research conducted to investigate the relationship between Narcissism and Self efficacy titled The moderating role of Narcissism on the Reciprocal relationship between self- efficacy and performance,6(2), 199-214 by APA showed the result that when Narcissism was high, performance had no relationship with subsequent self efficacy. ( Beattie, S., Dempsey, C., Roberts ,R., Woodman, T., & Cooke, A., 2017 )
Our results indicate that people belonging to middle adulthood score more in self efficacy then other age groups, and this results follows the previous study that has been taken place on Age, Socioeconomic Status, and Exercise Self-Efficacy, which also shows us the results that individuals belonging to age group of 45 years to 65 years score more on self efficacy. Clark, D.O
- H1 There will be no significant relationship between the scores of Narcissism and self efficacy
- H2 There will be no significant gender difference in the scores of Narcissism and self efficacy.+
- H3 There will be no significant difference in the score of narcissism and self efficacy among different age group.
- Due to small sample size this findings cannot be generalized to the larger population
- The sample was only restricted to Mumbai City.
- Only educated respondents knowing English language participated in the study.
- Since google forms were used there is no way that participants’ mental and emotional state could not be assessed.
The results indicate that there is a significant positive relationship between Narcissism and Self efficacy, which indicates that an individual who score high on Narcissism will have a high score on Self efficacy. Middle Adulthoods individuals are high on elf efficacy, this may be because of more experience in life and maturity. And the results indicate that young adulthoods are high on narcissistic trait. There is no relationship between the scores of Narcissism and self efficacy of Males and Females.
- Ames, D. R., Rose,P., and Anderson, C.P, ( 2013 ). The NPI- 16 as a short measure of narcissism. Journal of Research in Personality, 40, 440 – 450 www.midss.org
- Ames, D. R., Rose,P., and Anderson, C.P,(2013) https://www.statisticssolutions.com/narcissistic-personality-inventory-16-npi-16/
- Beattie, S., Dempsey, C., Roberts, R., Woodman, T., & Cooke, A. (2017). The moderating role of narcissism on the reciprocal relationship between self-efficacy and performance. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 6(2), 199–214. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/spy0000092
- Carey, M.P., Forsyth, A.D https://www.apa.org/pi/aids/resources/education/self-efficacy
- Clark, D.O .The Gerontologist Vol. 36, No. 2, 157 https://academic.oup.com/gerontologist/article-pdf/36/2/157/1522796/36-2-157.pdf
- General Self-Efficacy Scale by Schwarzer, R., & Jerusalem, M. (1995), www.midss.org
- Lilienfeld, S.O., Arkowitz, H. (2013) https://www.scientificamerican.com/author/scott-o-lilienfeld/
- Rhodewalt, F https://www.britannica.com/science/narcissism
- Schwarzer, R., & Jerusalem, M. (1995) https://www.statisticssolutions.com/general-self-efficacy-schwarzer-gses/