At the beginning of the story, Bilbo shows domestic features. He is at home and has no adventure and he goes on life as comfy. Also he is timid character. He just does something at home. We see that he gives importance to ethical behaviours and respect. When somebody comes his home, he tries to do best. So, we know Bilbo with some feminine qualities. Bilbo’s thoughts, feelings and actions shape its plot so his characterizations change from beginning to ending. Bilbo is the perfect example to show that ordinary person can become a hero. When we read the book of Hobbit, Bilbo character grows through the book. His characterization is developing thanks to some valuable duty like being thief. While the story is advancing Bilbo changes his characteristics but it is not intentionally. This chancing is not happen suddenly. Bilbo fights against the villains and take some courage after beat them. So, Bilbo converts to brave from coward. When Bilbo steals the cup from the dragon and it shows he is brave and a true thief. When we analysis the Bilbo character in these examples, obviously we see that, Bilbo character changes from beginning to ending. One of the example of Bilbo’s character chancing is game of riddles. Bilbo solves the riddle and according to result of riddle Bilbo lives or dies. Thanks to Bilbo good at riddle and his intelligence he rescues. So, tthis example shows us Bilbo get more self-confident. Namely, Bilbo’s characterization changes from lack of self confident to becoming self confident, so Bilbo’s chancing character changes the structure of novel at the same time.
Bilbo’s characteristic of being brave and a warrior comes out when he fight the spiders and save the dwarfs. Bilbo task is to save the dwarves and kill the spiders. Also, Bilbo’s warrior characteristics grow when he fights with and kills many spiders. Bilbo’s noticeable characteristic growth when he steals a cup from Smog. He becomes a perfect thief. We all considered, Tolkien identifies to Bilbo Baggins as dynamic, round and main character at the end of the story although he identifies as a static, flat and main character at the beginning. So, Bilbo’s characterization changes because the writer would like to point out the main idea and structure of novel gives us a message like everybody has a power inside them and they can find out accidentally. The characterization depicts the people in the society and some good, hidden qualities makes people change.
We said that Tolkien tries to take attention, teach some values and give the main idea thanks to some techniques so; one of them is using rhyme and rhythms. In the beginning of the novel, thirteen dwarves comes to Bilbo’s home and they introduce themselves. Their names are like a riddle and consist some similar letter like; Dwalin, Balin, Kili, Fili, Dori, Nori, Ori, Oin, Gloin, Bifur, Bofur, Bombur and Thorin. These names show us Tolkien would like to take attention. For example, Bilbo feels strong and decides to save dwarves from spiders and Tolkien takes children attention to point out that goodness and good people will win by using a song with rhythms and rhymes. Bilbo starts to sing a song about spiders to make them follow him and save the dwarves from them. Dwarves get rid of spiders and Bilbo becomes hero. Firstly, Tolkien takes the children’s attention and provides that children focus on the story much more by using a song. Also writer gives importance to onomatopoeic sounds. For instance, Thorin and Gandalf ring the bell ‘ding-dong, a ling dong’. After that, Tolkien gives the story, the situation and children can realise goodness and its winnings. Namely, the writer gives the meaning with the help of language devices.
As a conclusion, when we analyse the structure of Hobbit, Tolkien’s main purpose is to create strong impact gives the messages so, some process which is binary opposition, rhyme, rhythm and identifying the main character in the novel gives form to the Hobbit. We see that Tolkien uses binary opposition such as good vs. evil, hero vs. villains and he gives the general meaning and teach us moral and values idea. Also we learn that how to treat good character or evil character so, the structure connects the meaning. Also, hero vs. villain in the story helps to understand the features of hero and villain and the reader realize the general structure of the novel. Tolkien also uses the main character, who is Bilbo Baggins, as a device to teach the importance of being brave, warrior and self confident so; the writer gives the main idea. The writer calls attention to reader by using rhyme and rhythm. Tolkien makes that children comprehend the story much more by using a song. Thus, Tolkien gives the story, the situation and children can realise goodness and its winnings. Shortly, Tolkien provides the main idea more stable and lasting with the structure of novel and he influences to reader deeply with the help of using language in the novel.