They are all most of ancient Hindu texts which define truth for Hindus religion, and they are also helping giving spiritual advise and wisdom to the Hinduism believers. All consisting of hymns, prayers, praises, spiritual guiding, meditations and mystical and philosophical teaching. So they have a huge benefit in Hinduism. For instance, Vedas are a huge body of Hindu texts, stands for the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. Considers to be apauruṣeya, it means not of a man, superhuman and impersonal, authorless. And also Veda, the earliest collection of hymns to the gods. Agni, the deity associated with fire and sacrifice, was one of the most popular. As a fire, Agni prayed as one that was accessible to people and could receive light. He was also addressed as a messenger, the one who communicated between humanity and the other gods. Others also important too, they are focus on concern worship, spirituality, ritual activity, and the attainment of magical powers, so on.
There are two foundational concepts that almost all Hindus believe: reincarnation and karma. Reincarnation is the process that the atman, the eternal, uncreated soul, must endure while on the great wheel of samsara (where a soul must go through thousands or even millions of lives all full of suffering before reaching moksha. Moksha is the goal as it is liberation from suffering and uniting with the infinite (the end of the soul cycling. For the Hindu, karma is the cumulative value of one’s life actions, good minus bad, which determines one’s reincarnation level after death. Positive karma would seemingly raise one’s station and negative karma would lower it. Brahman is the supreme reality for the Hindu. It is the “thing” to which the also divine atman is trying to unite. While the Brahman is impersonal, many gods or incarnations of gods who are worshiped by Hindus have personal attributes. Chief among them are Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. In the Hindu “trinity”, Brahma is the creator.
Vishnu and Shiva in the Hindu “trinity”, Brahma is the creator, Vishnu the preserver and Shiva is the destroyer. Avatars or incarnations of Vishnu have been sent to earth to bring the message of salvation to man. Vishnu’s incarnations include Rama, a benevolent king, and Krishna, an impetuous, violent, and erotic figure. Shaktism is, together with Viashnu and Shiava, one of the major forms of modern Hinduism. The gods are sometimes amoral; their freedom from the usual restraints necessary to humans is often celebrated, and they are often represented with sexual imagery.
For centuries the notions of reincarnation and karma have been used to support the cruelties of the Indian caste system, which relegates the majority of people to poverty and subservience. Probably as a result of Western influence the caste system has been substantially dismantled, although the idea that all human suffering is deserved is still responsible for a great deal of injustice.
Shankara is known as the revival of the Hindu religion, established his spiritual capitals in Mutts on the four sides of India. They were quite strategically well organized placed to ensure that religion can be handled in parts of Bharat.
Gandhi was involved in social reform and transformation of the modern India with reference to her valuable spiritual traditions. He also developed his ideas and actions as one of the colonized in the context of British rule, sometimes imitating, sometimes adversarial, but always influenced by Western images of India and Hinduism.
Bhaktivedānta Svāmi was an Indian spiritual teacher and the founder-preceptor of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness, commonly known as the ‘Hare Krishna Movement’. Members of the ISKCON movement view Bhaktivedānta Swāmi as a representative and messenger of Krsna Caitanya. Bhaktivedanta Swami is widely regarded as the foremost Vedic scholar, translator, and teacher of the modern era. He is especially respected as the world’s most prominent contemporary authority on bhakti-yoga, devotional service to the Supreme Person, Krishna, as taught by the ancient Vedic writings of India. He is also the founder acharya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness, the science of Self Realization explains by example how to attain the highest platform of blissful super consciousness -the transcendental , loving condition of all living beings.
During the fourth century BC Aryan – the same people who developed Greek culture – conquered much of today’s India. Their god-pantheon, similar to the Greeks, combined with native Indian traditions of meditation to form a loose combination of beliefs and practices known as Hinduism. Hinduism is not really a religion, but many different religions that interact and blend into each other. There are no known founders and no beliefs. In fact, there is no agreed authority except the extensive sacred text, Vedas, which was written over the 1500 year period. The contents of the Vedas are practically unknown to most Hindus and the texts are rarely drawn for information or advice.
Although emphasis is placed on personal spirituality, the history of Hinduism is closely connected to political and social developments, for instance, the rise and fall of various kingdoms and empires and others issues. The early of Hinduism’s history is difficult to date and Hindus themselves tend to be more concerned with the content of a textual matter or story rather than its date.
There are different opinions in Hindu texts about the role of women, such views of the position of women is to limit her role to an obedient daughter, housewife and good mother, and children bearing special children were her virtue. As it is written in the book, ‘ A good wife should serve even a bad husband as god. She should not leave him and, once widowed, she should not remarry’ (pg 83). However the script recipes were intended for the women in the two-born classes and were certainly of less importance to those with lower status. For example, submissiveness to the wishes of the spouse and family, tolerance of abuse, preference for sons and limited freedom permeated Hindu society. Women were not marginalized to the same extent as chandalas, but they had no direct access to religious writings and institutions or to spiritual progress and a relationship with the divine.
Hinduism is really the smorgasbord of religions (Mixture) there is a little something for everyone, unless of course you happen to be born an Untouchable (those so low in India, they are not even part of the caste system and therefore not eligible for salvation-they are continually reincarnated as Untouchable) in which case, your uncreated, eternal atman will never be united with Brahman.
What there is not is absolute truth. Our personal, loving God became incarnate only once in human history and teaches that He is “the way, the truth and the life” not one of many ways as Hinduism proposes. Our God created our souls for the purpose of communing with Him we are not divine within ourselves. While our soul is eternal, it is appointed for men to die once and after this the judgment (Heb 9:27). There is no need for constant recycling because we serve a God of grace who gives us all we need on our path to Him—first and foremost the conquering of our greatest enemy death through His crucifixion and resurrection.