Issue of AIDS
Since 1981, there have been 940 thousand people whom have died from AIDS-related diseases globally and 36.9 million people whom are still living with HIV/AIDS. An estimated 5,000 new people are being infected daily as of 2017.There is an estimate that 45,000 people live with HIV or AIDS in Illinois and of that number, approximately 23,835 live in Chicago. While there are certain neighborhoods with higher numbers of people living with HIV/AIDS, the disease affects the whole city. According to AIDS Vu, there is not a neighborhood in Chicago that didn’t have less than 100 people living with HIV or AIDS residing in it as of 2016.
Black and Latinx men are at a higher risk for contracting HIV than their white counterparts. According to the AIDS Vu organization, their 2016 report stated 53.3 percent of black men, 20.5 percent Hispanic/Latinx men and 23.2 percent of white men were living with HIV in Chicago.
The City of Chicago completed a survey on residents and found that in 2017, there were 752 new HIV diagnoses and 337 new AIDS diagnosis, a slightly lower number than the 824 of new HIV diagnoses reported in 2016. While it appears the numbers of new reported HIV and AIDS diagnoses seem to be decreasing, the number of people living with HIV/AIDS is still high.
The biggest issue of aids is that there are no cure yes there are treatments and such but it has been growing more and more and back in the 1980 they were not scanning for hiv or aids which caused many people to contract it but that is no longer a worry to my knowledge
How can AIDS/HIV affect us
The big issue with aids is that yes it is a virus that can be transmitted with or through contact with infected blood or sexual intercourse you can be infected with it it’s not a treatable virus and it does destroy the CD4/T cells they are the cells that help the body ward off infections.aids is a disease that does permanent damage that hiv does to the body´s immune system and is a more extreme stage of hiv ,which can cause bacterial and viral infection to ruin your body even more which will lead to eventual death. Hiv can be transmitted through semen ,vaginal fluids ,anal mucus,blood and breast milk also can be transmitted by sharing needles ,receiving tattoos or piercings hiv and aids are not a issue that should be taken lightly it is a big problem because there are a lot of things that you can get these viruses from almost anything all you have to do is have intercourse with someone and all they have to is lie about having hiv or aids and your life is ruined
Anderson, Nicole F. ‘HIV/AIDS: The Epidemic Is Far from over.’ The Independent. Accessed May 03, 2019. https://neiuindependent.org/11806/news/hiv-aids-the-epidemic-is-far-from-over/.
The historical roots of the issue
Scientists have traced the origin of HIV back to chimpanzees and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), an HIV-like virus that attacks the immune system of monkeys and apes.
In the 1980s and early 1990s, the outbreak of HIV and AIDS swept across the United States and rest of the world, though the disease originated decades earlier. Today, more than 70 million people have been infected with HIV and about 35 million have died from AIDS since the start of the pandemic, according to the World Health Organization.
Though HIV arrived in the United States around 1970, it didn’t come to the public’s attention until the early 1980s. In 1981, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published a report about five previously healthy homosexual men becoming infected with Pneumocystis pneumonia, which is caused by the normally harmless fungus Pneumocystis jirovecii. This type of pneumonia, the CDC noted, almost never affects people with compromised immune systems.
How to prevent from getting AIDS
In 2001, generic drug manufacturers began selling discounted copies of patented HIV drugs to developing countries, leading to several major pharmaceutical manufacturers slashing prices on their HIV drugs. The following year, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) reported that AIDS was by far the leading cause of death in sub-Saharan Africa.A few years later, in 2006, researchers found that penile circumcision can reduce the risk of female-to-male HIV transmission by 60 percent. In developing countries with high levels of HIV transmission, circumcision is considered a tool to help reduce transmission risk.The FDA approved pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, for HIV-negative people in 2012. When taken daily, PrEP can reduce the risk of HIV from sex by more than 90 percent and from intravenous drug use by 70 percent, according to the CDC.At the end of 2015, some 36.7 million people were living with HIV/AIDS worldwide, and 1.1 million people died from AIDS-related illnesses that year. Sub-Saharan Africa is still the most severely affected region, accounting for nearly 70 percent of the world’s current HIV cases.
In conclusion aids and hiv are not a virus that should not be taken very lightly people should be more aware of this and stop acting as if it’s just some common cold because all that has to happen is for someone that has contracted the virus to give it to you if it’s by blood,semen,breast milk anyway it could ruin your life or even take your life in the end.To try and prevent yourself from getting this virus is if you have sexual intercourse use a condom every time and to use a new one ,you can consider taking a drug called truvada ,be honest and tell the truth if you do have aid or hiv ,if you are using a needle make sure that it is a clean needle
- Anderson, Nicole F. ‘HIV/AIDS: The Epidemic Is Far from over.’ The Independent. Accessed May 03, 2019. https://neiuindependent.org/11806/news/hiv-aids-the-epidemic-is-far-from-over/.
- Editors, History.com. ‘History of AIDS.’ History.com. July 13, 2017. Accessed May 03, 2019. https://www.history.com/topics/1980s/history-of-aids. PR Newswire Association LLC.FDA Approves New 20-Minute Rapid HIV Test.New York Publisher inc.2002
- Nan Aron, Sharon McGowan. ‘Trump Has Vowed to End the HIV/AIDS Epidemic. His Court Picks Have Other Ideas.’ The Daily Beast. April 18, 2019. Accessed April 28, 2019. https://www.thedailybeast.com/trump-has-vowed-to-end-the-hivaids-epidemic-his-court-picks-have-other-ideas.
- ‘HIV/AIDS.’ Mayo Clinic. January 19, 2018. Accessed May 04, 2019. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hiv-aids/symptoms-causes/syc-20373524.