Earthquakes’ Economic, Social and Environmental Impacts

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Table of contents

  1. Economic Impacts
  2. Social Impacts
  3. Environmental Impacts

The Nepal Earthquake occurred on the 25th of April and 11:56 AM, there was nearly 9,000 casualties and nearly 22,000 injuries with the main injures occurring in the capital Kathmandu. Earthquakes such as this one are quite common in the Nepalese area because the country is on top of the of two huge tectonic plates in the world the Indo-Australian plate and the Asian plate. While this was caused by the fault line along the gap between the Indian/Asian Plate and the Eurasian Plate. The Asian/Indian plate was diving under the Eurasian plate which caused Kathmandu to shift 3 metres in just 30 seconds. This earthquake caused a rapid avalanche from on and around Mount Everest, there were 700 – 100 killing 19 climbers and destroying the basecamp at the bottom. The Nepalese government has been criticized by many for not having precautions. Many people say that a lot of the damage was causes by the poor infrastructure and building materials due to the lack of good engineers so, many of the buildings were able to stand up with all the shaking let alone the extreme shaking that occurred in this earthquake.

Economic Impacts

The economic impacts of this would be mainly on the damage to the building and the cities which would cost a lot of money, in this earthquake around $10 billion worth of damage was causes to building all across the country which would have massive effects on the economy of the part of the country on a state level. On a local level even after the they have finished re-building the cities it would have a very bad effect on tourism as many tourists would be thrown of going to the country after the recent earthquake as they could fear for their safety. On a national level their trade could be affected because many other countries might not want to be involved with the country because of its lack of preparation for the earthquake and how Nepal haven’t really recovered since the event with nearly 70% of people still living in temporary shelters in 2017.

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Social Impacts

The impacts of this earthquake on people would be that people would generally stay in their houses, want to stay on high ground and always be basically waiting for another earthquake to strike. If it is not managed then the country and cities will not be a very happy place to live. If there is a lack of money in the community meaning that people would not be able to build houses for themselves, get food or clothes so this would be difficult to live in when you have no houses, no food, clothes and a lack of resources, this could have terrible effects on the citizens mental health it could cause anxiety of another earthquake or disaster and depression due to the lack of control over rebuilding their life that they have.

Environmental Impacts

Earthquakes cause faults in the ground and the extreme shaking can also start tsunami because of the movement in the ground that can cause the waves which make up tsunamis. They can also cause avalanches which was caused in this earthquake due to the shaking around the mountain and under the mountain causing some of the mountain to come down causing an avalanche.

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Earthquakes’ Economic, Social and Environmental Impacts. (2022, November 25). Edubirdie. Retrieved April 13, 2024, from
“Earthquakes’ Economic, Social and Environmental Impacts.” Edubirdie, 25 Nov. 2022,
Earthquakes’ Economic, Social and Environmental Impacts. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 13 Apr. 2024].
Earthquakes’ Economic, Social and Environmental Impacts [Internet]. Edubirdie. 2022 Nov 25 [cited 2024 Apr 13]. Available from:

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