Language is something that has already existed a long time ago because it is a way or method that is used for people to communicate with others whether it is spoken or written. Every person in this world uses language differently affected by many factors such as social class that is one of the factors that affect how people use language because of the purpose and the status that they have. People’s social class is also affected by other factors such as financial and educational factors. Now I’m going to do research for the relation between social classes and language and see the effect of social class on how people use language. The researcher aims to find out the difference in language use among people in different social classes. Research shows that there is a difference in the language use among people belonging to different social classes.
To begin with, dialect is a language from specific regions or social groups that have its own rules in grammar, vocabulary, and accent. So, a non-standard dialect is a type of dialect that doesn’t follow the rules in the dialect itself and doesn’t have the standards that are needed for the correct dialect rules. People in the low social class refers to people who have a low education background,low in financial income, and sometimes homeless. They usually don’t go to school because of their financial issues. According to the UNESCO, there are 264 million students that don’t go to school affected by their financial issues and this shows that people in the low social class will find it very difficult to go to school. Their children will also copy them with their non-standard dialects that they have been using to communicate to their children which makes them unable to learn the correct rules in their language dialects. That’s why people that belong to low social class often speak/use non-standard dialects. The International Linguistic Community Online said that children will use dialects from people around them and that proves that children that come from low social class will copy dialects from people around them such as their parents. Those are the causes which make the cycle of people in the low social class using a non-standard dialect continues.
Furthermore, the upper class people which usually belong to a royal/wealthy family are more likely well educated because of their large amount of financial income and all the facilities they have. Standard dialect is the opposite of non-standard dialect that means it is a type of a language dialect that follows all the standards and has more formality. According to Oxfam International, rich children are 7 times more likely to finish secondary school than a child that comes from a poor family. This shows that a child from a rich family is more likely to be well educated than children who comes from a poor family. Wikipedia also said that children coming from the royal British family use a private tutor to educate them in each lesson and there are a lot of lessons they will learn. Those statements show that people coming from the rich/royal family are more likely to be a well educated person and for that they will know how to speak a good standard language dialect to people around them.
In addition, people coming from the middle class are more likely to speak standard dialect and learn how to use standard dialect than non-standard dialect because of their wish to be in the upper class. The middle class people’s financial background is usually stabil and they have a standard amount of financial income. So, a lot of people in the middle class are able to go to school and learn how to use a standard language dialect. But they have some difficulties in going to the best education institution because of the expensive price. Brokings said that people coming from the middle class are less selective in institutions and colleges and Slideshare also said that people coming from the middle class often use standard dialect because they are hoping/wishing to be in the upper class. Those statements show that people coming from the middle class are more likely to use standard dialect than non-standard dialect because they want to upgrade themselves to be in the upper class.