Why Did Japan Attack Pearl Harbor: DBQ Essay

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On December 7th, 1941, Japan launched a surprise attack on the United States known as Pearl Harbor. This attack would be responsible for killing more than 2,000 American sailors, soldiers, and civilians. The attack happened on Pearl Harbor, a military base in Hawaii. It was considered a surprise attack because the US was not in the war and was not expecting the attack. What was the reason behind Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor? Japan attacked Pearl Harbor because Japan wanted to rule the “new world order”, the American government set embargos on Japan, and the expansion of the US Navy fleet.

One reason Japan might have attacked Pearl Harbor was the “New World Order” and Japan wanting to conquer the Pacific. The “New World Order” was Japan wanting to expand and control other countries in the Pacific and access to their natural resources. In Document B, the map shows how they occupied Manchuria and the map also shows how they controlled East Asia and China. They took the land to gain resources that they couldn’t receive in Japan. Japan attacked Pearl Harbor because Japan wanted to achieve the “New World Order.” For example, Japan wanted to conquer Asia and the Pacific to accomplish the “New World Order.” We can see they were trying to accomplish this by viewing Document B’s map and seeing that Japan was invading several countries. Not only did Japan attack Pearl Harbor because of the “New World Order” but because they needed more resources and in order to achieve this they needed to invade other countries.

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Japan attacked Pearl Harbor because the US stopped trading oil and aircraft supplies with them, which made their economy worsen and left them with little supplies. According to Document C, the timeline shows the timeline between the US and Japan. In 1939 the US set an embargo of aircraft and aircraft parts on Japan, an embargo is the stopping of trading between countries. Document D shows how much materials Japan was receiving from Japan, with the US supplying them with 80% of Japan's resources. Japan attacked Pearl Harbor because of the US setting oil and aircraft embargos. In Document C we can see the timeline between the US and Japan and see that the US slowly set embargos and strengthened their military. In Document D we get a clear visualization of the amount of materials that the US was giving Japan. Not only did the Pearl Harbor attack happen due to the US setting embargos against Japan, but there was also an increase in the US Navy, which greatly scared Japan.

Another reason behind Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor could have been due to the US expanding its navy fleet. According to Document E, Hideki Tojo mentions how the US has expanded its fleet. “ When I think about the strengthening of American defenses in the Southwest Pacific, the expansion of the American fleet.” In Document C, the timeline shows that in May of 1940, the US moved their Navy forces to Pearl Habor and in July US Congress passed a naval expansion act and promised to triple their fleet. A potential reason for Japan’s attack on Pearl could have been due to the US expansion of its navy fleet. Japan might have felt threatened due to the emergence of the US’s Navy fleet which made them think the US was going to target them.

Japan attacked Pearl Harbor because Japan wanted to rule the “new world order”, the American government set embargos on Japan, and the expansion of the US Navy fleet. Japan attacked Pearl Harbor due to Japan wanting to rule the Pacific and Eastern Asia, also known as the” New World Order '', the American government setting up embargos and ruining their economy, and Japan feeling threatened due to the US expanding their military fleet. I believe Japan was justified to attack Pearl Harbor because the US was setting embargos on Japan which caused their economy to fall and they would need resources to continue their ”New World Order.” The expansion of the US Navy fleet could have intimidated Japan. When Japan heard that they expanded their fleet and moved closer to them they may have thought the US was planning an attack on them next, so they decided to attack first. The relationship between the US and Japan today is good, with most Japanese viewing America as trustworthy.

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Why Did Japan Attack Pearl Harbor: DBQ Essay. (2023, October 09). Edubirdie. Retrieved June 12, 2024, from https://edubirdie.com/examples/why-did-japan-attack-pearl-harbor-dbq-essay/
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