Art and Architecture Essay
The question of what separates architecture and art is very confusing and has been repeatedly discussed for a long time. Artists and architects create visual compositions using a common knowledge base, but their goals are completely different. Some designers or architects consider themselves artists, but only a few artists consider themselves designers.
Perhaps the most fundamental difference between art and architecture, with which we all agree, is their goal. As a rule, the process of creating an artwork begins from scratch, with an empty canvas. The work of art stems from the representations, opinions, or sensations of the artist. Artists create a work of art to share their feelings with others, allow viewers to learn from them, or inspire them. The most famous (and successful) works of art today are those that establish the strongest emotional connections between the artist and his audience. On the contrary, when the architect is going to create something, he almost always has a starting point, be it a message, an image, an idea, or an action. The work of the designer or architect is not to invent something new, but to combine something for a specific purpose.
Another difference between art and architecture is how the meaning of each of them is interpreted by the audience. Although the artist expresses his point of view or emotions, this does not mean that point of view or emotion has one meaning. An artwork is perceived by people in different ways because it is interpreted in different ways. Da Vinci’s painting “Mona Lisa” was interpreted and discussed over the years. Why is she smiling? According to scientists, this is an illusion created by your peripheral vision. Romantics say she is in love. Skeptics say that there is no actual reason for her smile. None of them are right. Architecture has the opposite meaning. Many will say that if the design can be “interpreted” in some way, the designer has failed for his own purposes. The fundamental goal of design is to transfer the architect’s ideas to the user and his motivation to do something. If your design conveys an idea different from the one you intended to convey, and your user does some action based on this received idea, then the design fails. With a good design, the exact ideas of the designer are conveyed to the user.
Most often, an artist has natural abilities. Of course, from an early age, the artist grows painting, drawing, sculpting, creating, and developing his abilities. But the true value of the artist lies in the talent with which he was born. Good artists, of course, have the ability, but artistic skills without talent, perhaps, are useless. However, designing is an ability that is taught and practiced. You do not need to be a great artist to be a great architect, you just need to learn good design. Some of the most respected modern buildings in the world are known for their minimalist style. They do not use a lot of colors or textures, but they pay a lot of attention to the size, positioning, elements, and distances between elements, which can be learned without innate talent.
Architecture is referred to as a spatial type of art, as the architect organizes the masses, volumes, lines, and silhouettes, not only in three-dimensional space but also in the time of perception of the composition by the viewer. Only in motion, that is, in time and direction of the composition unfolding in space, when points of view vary in a certain sequence, as the spectator passes along, around, and in the building, do the design, idea, and artistic image of the architectural composition reveal.
Architecture – artistic and imaginative organization of space based on building structures. Utilitarian construction and the concept of construction corresponding to this technical activity should be distinguished from architecture as an artistic creation in stone, wood, and clay. The architect uses the concept of composition and uses expressive (compositional) means meter and rhythm, symmetry and asymmetry, and ratios of quantities and proportions. These tools correspond to the methods of emphasis, balancing, and proportioning.
The architecture belongs to the bifunctional arts, in the composition of which utilitarian and artistic functions are combined. Their combination and interaction are determined by the genre of architectural creativity. Architecture is traditionally compared with the cosmos arising from chaos, “humanized matter”, and frozen music.
It has long been known that the architecture of buildings affects the human psyche. The human brain subtly influences the shape of buildings and the color scheme. Monotonous and gray-colored buildings of the same type introduce people to anguish, increase the level of stress and fatigue, and their mood worsens.
After the 60s in Russia began a massive building of typical structures. The reason was the idea order to provide a separate apartment for each family. So, they needed to build a lot of apartments in an extremely short time, so the construction of identical houses began. All buildings were not multi-story, with compact apartments, painted in gray. The main goal at that time was the construction of a large number of houses in a short time, and the social factor, like the psychology of people, was not taken into account. As a result, years after, we can see the terrible situations with psychological illnesses among the population.
The influence of architecture on a person at the present stage is estimated highly. Formation of the appearance of cities solves not only purely special planning and stylistic tasks. Given the influence of architecture on the mental characteristics of a person, the architecture of cities is one of the active factors in the formation and development of the psyche and mental activity of citizens, whose impact has not yet been thoroughly studied, but is indisputable. American architect Louis Henry Sullivan argued that ‘architecture is the art that affects people most slowly, but most firmly’
The question of the place of emotions in the professional consciousness is complex and controversial. We are forced to judge architectural emotions not only by our own experiences or personal data but also by texts expressing the contradictory opinions of different people. We brought up on unconditional admiration for the Renaissance architecture, is difficult to understand, for example, John Reskin, who spent his extraordinary talent on proof that the architecture of the Renaissance was a shameful fall of taste, a betrayal of the courageous ideals of the Middle Ages and the expression of luxurious effectivity, moral degradation, and powerlessness. While reading Reskin’s passionate periods, one involuntarily thinks not only about the relativity of judgments based on feelings, but also about the relativity of feelings based on judgments.
The Nineteenth Century and the Modernist period was a time of rapid growth and development in almost every aspect of human exploration, shaping design in a monumental way and which still continues to have an influence on Architectural work that is produced today. Developed as a means to improve quality of life, Modernisation took Architecture out of the perpetual loop of meaningless ornamentation that it seemed to be stuck in and gave it a new purpose beyond aesthetics, provoking a...
History of architecture refers to a record of man’s effort to build beautifully. It was organized along a global timeline, a global history of architecture (Francis et al; Michael et al) presents an innovative approach to the study of architectural history which spans from 3500 BCE to the present. This unique guide was written by a group of architectural experts who emphasize the connection, contrast, and influences of architectural movements throughout the span of history, such influences are geographical, geological,...
Introduction Gothic architecture is a well know and extremely recognizable style of architecture, but do we know what actually defines a building as gothic and where the style originated? In this essay, I will give a brief look into the history of gothic architecture. Furthermore, I will pick out and discuss in depth the key characteristics of gothic buildings while also explaining looking at how the gothic style differs from other similar styles. As a result, I will come close...
Pre-historic “It has been truly said that protection from the inclemency of the seasons was the mother of architecture and according to Vitruvius, a man in his primitive savage state began to imitate the nests of birds and the lairs of beasts.” – Banister F. Fletcher, (Fletcher, 1905: 1). Materials such as arbors of twigs covered with mud and branches of trees covered with turf were used to form huts and dwellings such as shielings, beehive huts and dome-like structures...
Ancient Greece – The Classical Period The history of ancient Greek society is a classic example in the world history of the collapse of family relations and of the development of particularly robust slave relations, which F. Engels characterizes as a necessary and important stage in the world-historical process. Sources provide enough information for the complexity and duration of this process, which started in the II millennium BC. In the first half of the 5th century BC on the other,...
Green and eco-friendly Architecture. ‘We are nature – all changes to the habitat have an impact on us.’ (Sustainable design, 2007). People who were brought up in the early 30s and studied architecture could not imagine that the technologies would rapidly develop, and many possibilities could be opened in the architectural world by the end of the 20th Century. As the knowledge of humans is developing every year and new technologies with new digital processes are being invented, I think...
Ethnography and ethnographic research help in exploring how interactions of human beings with their surroundings eventually impact the way the spaces are designed. The purpose of this study is to understand the terms and establish a relationship between ethnography, vernacular architecture and designing of spaces, and how these factors could make the planning and designing of spaces more efficient and organized. The ultimate goal of doing ethnographic research, using vernacular materials is to improve the design of buildings for the...
Introduction: The architecture of Ancient Greece is the architecture produced by the Greek-speaking people (Hellenic people) whose culture flourished on the Greek mainland and Peloponnesus, the Aegean Islands, and in colonies in Asia Minor and Italy for a period from about 900 BC until the 1st century AD, with the earliest remaining architectural works dating from around 600 BC. Ancient Greek architecture is best known for its temples, many of which are found throughout the region, mostly as ruins but...
Architecture is constantly associated with its functional purpose, physical appearance and its amenity. However, maintains a much more inadvertent role which surpasses far beyond the physical and material world in which we live and enters the intangible realm of our existential memory. ’A mental meditation between the world and our consciousness’ . Successful architecture is displayed in the completeness, credibility and the unquestioned prestige of experience. Memory is involved indisputably throughout this, between the space and experiencing person lies an...
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