Capital Punishment in Italy

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Presumably Italy is a country wrought with problems, corruption, division and a struggling economy, however Italy is no doubt unified when it comes to upholding human rights. And this includes the human right to live without the threat of state sanctioned murder. Italy expresses firm opposition and wishes complete abolition of the Death penalty. The Italian government believes capital punishment is “unjustifiable under any circumstance” and has long been on the forefront of the fight against it. Italy has long been on the support the movement, has abolished The death penalty in 1947 and has stood firmly in opposition ever since. Repeatedly, Italy tried before to call for an International moratorium on the death penalty at the United Nations, in 1994 and again in 1997. This delegate hopes foreign governments can learn from our collective violent history with the international cessation of the barbaric practice of capital punishment.

Italy believes capital punishment is a violation of human rights, a threat on both ethical and constitutional grounds and a financially consuming prosecution. Moreover, methods of execution and death row conditions have been condemned as cruel, inhumane, or degrading treatment and even torture. The very philosophical component of capital punishment itself contradicts with the moral of ethics, as executing criminals is never a morally defensible form of punishment. While ethical and legal objections are the most common reasons critics oppose the death penalty, the cost of capital punishment is growing as a reason some are citing to oppose the method of punishment. On average, due to the complexity of death penalty trials, it costs 2 to 3 times more than non-capital trials. If included the cost of incarceration, drugs for execution and appeals, the death penalty it is more financially consuming compared to life imprisonment.

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At a minimum, impose a national moratorium on the use of capital punishment. Prosecutors that committed heinous crimes are given the chance to plead guilty in exchange for a life sentence which will sentence them years depending on the seriousness of their crime, perhaps even life imprisonment. Italy’s constitutional principle is to aim for rehabilitation during an inmate’s sentence so imprisonment with parole are commonly trialed. However heinous crimes such as criminal associations with the Mafia and murder, are trialed with with imprisonments without parole, which are also based on the progress of rehabilitation and presumption if the inmate is dangerous.

To reduce the risk of recidivism, rehabilitation institutions provide education whilst recovery programs reactivates the offender’s respect for the fundamental values of social life, benefiting the mental and physical health of prisoners.Whilst imprisonments provides long term isolation from society, rehabilitation programs ensures the inmates are able to bridge between jail context and the outside world, effectively prevent further prosecutions humanely.

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Capital Punishment in Italy. (2022, Jun 29). Edubirdie. Retrieved July 15, 2024, from
“Capital Punishment in Italy.” Edubirdie, 29 Jun. 2022,
Capital Punishment in Italy. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 15 Jul. 2024].
Capital Punishment in Italy [Internet]. Edubirdie. 2022 Jun 29 [cited 2024 Jul 15]. Available from:

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