Obesity is defined as excessive body fat that increases your risk of other health problems. A person with a body mass index (BMI) above 30 is considered obese, while a person with a BMI between 25 and 30 is considered overweight. In NSW in 2018, more than 1 in 5 children (24%) aged 5–16 years were overweight or obese, of whom 75% were overweight and 25% were obese. This means about 270,000 NSW children are above a healthy weight. Between 1985 and 2004, the rate of childhood overweight and obesity more than doubled from 11% to 25%. Childhood obesity has reached epidemic levels in developed as well as developing countries.
Overweight and obesity in childhood are known to have significant impacts on both physical and psychological health. Overweight and obese children are likely to stay obese into adulthood and more likely to develop non-communicable diseases like diabetes and cardiovascular diseases at a younger age. The mechanism of obesity development is not fully understood and it is believed to be a disorder with multiple causes. Environmental factors, lifestyle preferences, and cultural environment play pivotal roles in the rising prevalence of obesity worldwide. In general, overweight and obesity are assumed to be the results of an increase in caloric and fat intake.
On the other hand, there is supporting evidence that excessive sugar intake by soft drinks, increased portion size, and steady decline in physical activity have been playing major roles in the rising rates of obesity all around the world. Childhood obesity can profoundly affect children's physical health, social, and emotional well-being, and self-esteem. It is also associated with poor academic performance and a lower quality of life experienced by the child. Many co-morbid conditions like metabolic, cardiovascular, orthopedic, neurological, hepatic, pulmonary, and renal disorders are also seen in association with childhood obesity. Behaviors can include physical activity, inactivity, dietary patterns, medication use, and other exposures. Additional contributing factors include the food and physical activity environment, education and skills, and food marketing and promotion. These are examples of health risks.
All causes of death (mortality), All causes of death (mortality), High LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, or high levels of triglycerides (Dyslipidemia), and Type 2 diabetes.Coronary heart disease. Stroke, and osteoarthritis (a breakdown of cartilage and bone within a joint). A primary reason that the prevention of obesity is so vital in children is that the likelihood of childhood obesity persisting into adulthood increases as the child ages. My opinion about obesity is the same as any doctor's, obesity should be taken seriously cause it's not a matter of how you look it is a matter of life and the human soul.