Depression and Suicidal Ideation in Children: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is the Strongest Way to Get Rid of Child Depression

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Introduction Title (Cause and Effect Design Map) In sad fact, there are many children who suffer from child depression and suicidal depression which is causing a lot of child deaths each year. As an illustration Webster dictionary defines suicidal as destructive to one’s own interests. Whereas they define ideation as the capacity or the act of forming or entertaining ideas. So with those definitions, suicidal ideation means to have thoughts of suicide. In fact, 2% of preschoolers and school-age children are affected by depression. Sadly according to Ryan's story a presentation in 2003 Ryan Halligan a 12-year-old boy committed suicide. One reason for his suicide was school bullies who even broke his arm and one of them even got charged by the police in youth court. The main cause to his suicide was cyberbullying one example is he told an online friend that he was going to take his own life, and his online friend said, “The last time I hear u complain? Ur finally gonna kill urself?! It's about (Blank)ing time.” Ryan had responded by saying, ”You’ll hear about it in the papers tomorrow. In 2003 Ryan was found hanging by his sister.

One example of the problem now is that 1/9 or .111% of high school kids who have suicidal thoughts or commit suicide have tried it before. Surprisingly A study from 2014 showed 2 to 3 percent of children who were ages 6 to 12 had at least one major depressive episode. According to CNN Hope Witsell was another 13-year-old girl who had committed suicide. Hope Witsell had sent a nude picture to her boyfriend and another girl had got it and sent it to a lot of people. When that happened things began to get worse for her that students would walk up to her and call her a ‘slut’ ‘whore’ and even a ‘skank’, and it got so bad that her friends had to make a wall surrounding her and she was scared to walk alone. After that things got worst that the kids wrote mean things on myspace, made a page called “Shields Middle School Burn Book” and they made a “Hope hater page”.

The suicide happened on September 12th, 2009 when she helped her father mow the lawn, and they made a dinner as a family then hope went to her room to hang herself with her favorite scarves from the canopy bed. Clearly, if the problem with suicidal ideation and child depression is not resolved then many children will have suicidal thoughts and will possibly even commit suicide such as Hope Witsell and Ryan Halligan. There are many causes of child depression which leads to suicidal ideation or even suicide. Clearly, the environment a child is in can cause depression. Rashmi Nemadethe author of lifestyle factors and environmental causes of depression says, “Some authors consider events like childhood abuse, long-term stress at home or work, coping with the loss of a loved one, or traumatic events as environmental”. Researchers have found that electric pollution can be linked to mood disorders, but electrical pollution is odorless, silent, tasteless, and invisible, but they found the particular radio wavelengths promote depression and rage.

Another, cause of child depression is school and the stress it puts on people. In fact, National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) said, “An estimated of 3.1 million adolescents aged 12-17 had at least one major depressive episode.” In sad fact, between 2010 and 2014 about 20 children and young adults killed themselves annually. Indeed those are some causes of depression and suicidal ideation in children. With the causes of suicidal ideation and depression in children, there are also many effects of depression and suicidal ideation such as academic decline. In fact, one effect for child depression in academic failure and an academic decline. Elijah R. says, ”when you have one of your ‘episodes’ so to speak, you just sit in class and can't take anything in or concentrate, then you don't learn, and when it happens often you find yourself having no idea what's been going on for months”. Also, depression makes people feeling anxious, agitated, irritable, and unable to focus, but it makes another find that they’re not interested in hobbies, or learning new things. Another, effect of depression and suicidal ideation is substance abuse. Substance abuse during depression for some is to feel normal, but sometimes substance abuse may start as early as 10 .years old due to child depression. According to Savannah, she had two addicted parents and she became depressed and said, “I was only 7 when my drug use started”. If the causes are not solved then these effects will be happening to many children which could even lead to suicide if things are not fixed and treated. Title of Solution #1 As many as 1 in 10 people use antidepressants in America.

Antidepressants were created by chance when scientists in a Swiss asylum were seeking a treatment for schizophrenia. They, fount it out when they found the drug tweaked the balance of the brain’s neurotransmitters, which are molecules used by the nervous system to transmit messages between neurons. Antidepressants were discovered in the 1950s. They were discovered by a group of researchers in MunsterLingen asylum in Switzerland. The oldest or the first antidepressant that was founded was Tricyclic. Klaus Schmiegel is a famous chemist who founded Prozac and moved to America in 1951. Prozac hit the U.S market in 1987 then Zoloft in 1991 and Paxil hit the market in 1992. The drug had provided relief to 60% to 80% of patients. The drug was such a success that in 1987 analysts predicted Prozac would make 105 million a year, but in 1989 they make 350 million. Prozac was taken by 10 million people around the world in 1993. In 1990 Prozac was the most prescribed antidepressant in the country. Also, the article that said these are the countries that consume the most antidepressants said, “Statista had visualized the data, in 2013, with Iceland ranking the highest for consumptions.” First top 10 list for antidepressants says, “researchers ranked the top 10 drugs in the journal. The Lancet. Zoloft and Lexapro came in first”.

Antidepressant help depression by tweaking the balance of the brain's neurotransmitters. Antidepressants usually are taken daily, and the goal is to relieve symptoms in the first few weeks and months or possibly make depression go away. People sometimes stop taking antidepressants when they start feeling better, but this makes it more likely for depression it has many side effects such as nausea, weight gain, fatigue and drowsiness, insomnia, constipation, etc. To get antidepressants you need to get them prescribed from the doctor. It is also proven that one in 5 Americans takes some kind of drug, but it's mostly antidepressants and twice as many white people take it more than African-Americans. How to keep SSRI from ruining sex life says, “sexual side effects include a decrease in sexual interest.” Antidepressants and differences say, “Examples of SSRIs include, Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft, Celexa, Luvox, Lexapro, Viibryd”. The article Antidepressants are More than Placebo treating depression says that “ The researchers found that every type of antidepressant they studied was more effective at lessening depression…”. Antidepressants are also more effective for reducing symptoms in severe or modern depression. Also, some believe antidepressants are much more modest that widely though and that there are fewer benefits than harms. Others believe that they work and their life-changing. Also, most antidepressants are safe, but they are required by the Food and Drug Administration to carry black box warnings. Researchers have found out that more than 12,500 patients for drugs were approved between 1987 and 2004, and about 50% were positive and antidepressants performed better than placebo, but the other 50% were negative. Antidepressants are very successful that studies show that 40 to 60% of 100 people noticed an improvement.

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Although antidepressants are successful certain antidepressants such as Paxil change people's personality traits. Clearly, antidepressants are successful and help depression. Obviously, antidepressants are very successful for most people and can help many children with depression and suicidal ideation. Title of Solution #2 Another really strong solution for depression and suicidal ideation children is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy that can be as or even better than antidepressants. In 1950 Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy or REBT was one of the two earliest forms of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or CBT which was developed by Albert Ellis. Also, CBT was bounded by Aaron T. Beck in the 1960s. The Merriam Webster Dictionary says that CBT is, ”Psychotherapy that combines cognitive therapy with behavior therapy by identifying faulty or maladaptive patterns of thinking, emotional response, or behavior substituting them with desirable patterns of thinking, emotional response, or behavior”. The author of History of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy said that “Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) was pioneered by Dr. Aaron T. Beck in the 19’60, while he was a psychiatrist at the University of Pennsylvania”. CBT was invented because Aaron T. Beck formulated an idea for therapy when one of his patients had internal dialogues and they were almost forms of them talking to themselves. CBT is one of the most effective treatments for depression that it is as effective as antidepressants. CBT does not only help depression it also helps, physical conditions such as rheumatism, timitys, and chronic pain. Although CBT can help many things its best use is for depression.

Ben Martin author of In-Depth Cognitive Behavioral Therapy says, “ Its goal is to change patterns of thinking of behavior that are behind people difficulties, and to change the way they feel.”Usually, you will meet a therapist for CBT between five and twenty weekly sessions and each session lasts 30-60 minutes. Also, CBT costs 175-290 for a licensed therapist while it's only 140 for a therapist that's pre-licensed. Most of the insurances cover CBT, but some do not. The author of NHS’s overview of CBT says that. “During sessions, you’ll break down your problems into their separate parts, such as your thoughts, physical feeling, and actions”. CBT therapies are usually taken or usually take place in clinics. CBT can be used as a short-term intervention, or it also can be applied over a long period. CBT is also the most researched psychotherapeutic model. CBT is also designed to help people learn techniques to work with their own problems. CBT is very successful that it is even the most effective psychological treatment for any depression.

CBT is so effective that is it even as effective as antidepressants. Dan Vladon author of 10 facts you need to know about CBT says, “CBT has been researched more than any other psychotherapeutic model.” which shows why it is so effective. Dan Bladon also said that “CBT is designed ultimately to help people learn techniques to work through their own problems without becoming reliant on therapy.” which helps people help themselves with depression. CBT is also the most used and really effective for anxiety disorders. Also, a survey of 2,300 people in the United States showed that 69% of people used CBT. CBT is also considered the gold standard of therapies. That is how successful and effective CBT is. With those stats and examples, it is obvious that CBT is one of or the best solution for child depression and child suicidal ideation. Argument Towards Successful Solution Many children have depression and suicidal ideation. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a better solution because it has fewer side effects and is a drug-free solution. Both parents and children should care because for the parents they want their child to feel better and the child wants to feel better. Also, many people should care because of how many children dying because of being depressed. Undoubtedly, CBT is the best solution because it is a drug-free solution and it does not have many side effects. Some side effects of CBT are anger, stress, flashbacks, etc, where other solutions have many more side effects. It is also a drug-free solution so there are no hallucinations and it is not as much of a risk.

Another reason CBT is better is because it is a better long-term and it also helps physical conditions. One reason it is better is that the physical conditions it can help such as, tinnitus, and chronic pain. Dan Bladon said, “CBT is designed ultimately to help people learn techniques to work through their own problems without becoming reliant on therapy. Clearly, CBT is the best solutions for many different reasons such as the low amount of side effects and how it helps more than just depression. Although Cognitive Behavioral therapy is a good solution, some may believe that antidepressants are a better solution for many reasons. In fact, some people will argue that antidepressants are better because of how quick it is to use it. One reason people think it is a better solution is that it takes a couple of seconds while CBT takes 30 minutes each session. Also, antidepressants only take up to 8 to 12 weeks to work which is quicker than other solutions. Another reason people think antidepressants are better is that they don’t affect your memory. The New York Times article, In Defense of Antidepressants, says, “ Antidepressants are good at treating post-stroke depression and good at preventing it. They also help protect memory”.

They are also better with memory because CBT can cause some flashbacks. Although antidepressants are a much quicker solution, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy benefits outweigh the side effects of antidepressants. When looking at the high percentage of the success rate of CBT and it helping child depression it is obvious that CBT is a better solution for child depression. In fact, if depression and suicidal ideation in children is not treated, then a lot of children will lose their lives because of it. One example is 14 year old Hannah Smith who had a lot of people making fun of her weight and making fun of a family death. She killed herself by hanging herself, and she said, “As I sit here day by day I wonder if it's going to get better. I want to die, I want to be free. I can’t live like think any more. I’m not happy”. After her death, her sister Jo was getting messages from people, “ mocking her loss and blaming her grieving father parenting skills for the tragic death.

Since the loss of a child life so young is so devastating, especially because it was a loss of a young child because of suicide, it is really important that parents make sure their children is fine at school and they help children through their depression, and that children stay out of bad situations such as cyberbullying. Clearly, therapy is a great solution for depression. Cognitive behavioral therapy is the strongest way to get rid of child depression.

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Depression and Suicidal Ideation in Children: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is the Strongest Way to Get Rid of Child Depression. (2022, September 15). Edubirdie. Retrieved May 25, 2024, from
“Depression and Suicidal Ideation in Children: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is the Strongest Way to Get Rid of Child Depression.” Edubirdie, 15 Sept. 2022,
Depression and Suicidal Ideation in Children: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is the Strongest Way to Get Rid of Child Depression. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 25 May 2024].
Depression and Suicidal Ideation in Children: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is the Strongest Way to Get Rid of Child Depression [Internet]. Edubirdie. 2022 Sept 15 [cited 2024 May 25]. Available from:

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