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Psychology Essays

1186 samples in this category

Understanding Role and Appeal of Horror in Popular Culture Using Psychoanalysis

Humanity has always sought to capture certain moments and feelings and that way give it immortality. Hence film, bearing the features of an art form operating within the narration of time and space seemed to be a perfect medium. The world of film seems to support the illusion of immortal and immutable reality in the likeness of artificial sleep and rule the subconscious instincts of the viewer. Sleep, consciousness and subconsciousness are the first intuitively found psychoanalytical threads in cinema,...
6 Pages 2949 Words

To Be Autonomous and Interact in Social Environments Robots Must Have Motivation: Analytical Essay

Humans are the most socially advanced of all species and use this specialty in day-to-day situations. However, it’s not clear what skills a robot must acquire in order to have appropriate interaction. There are two types of robots: 1st controlled by others and 2nd autonomous robots, that acts on the basis of its own decisions, and are not controlled by a human (Matari´c, 2007). Duffy (2003) states that a human-centric machine such as a social robot requires human traits as...
3 Pages 1510 Words

Impact of Dieting in Adolescence on Health and Well-Being

Dieting is commonly known as the intentional and sustained restriction of calorific intake for the purpose of reducing body weight or changing body shape. The prevalence of dieting in the younger generation is concerningly high with population-based studies concluding that 30% of adolescents consider themselves to be dieting. In this essay I will explore why more young people are dieting, how dieting can lead to psychological problems and how dieting behaviors can have a negative impact on health. I will...
3 Pages 1402 Words

Suggestibility in Children and Its Effect on Their Eyewitness Testimonies

Many people feel as though they fully understand the concept of memory but when asked exactly what it is, they find it difficult to put in words or simply define it as how we store and recall past and present information. The study of human memory has been a subject of research and major interest for many years. There are plenty of questions and theories surrounding the concept, but the subject remains quite complex. Majority of the time, many people...
6 Pages 2698 Words

Should Children Be Able to Testify as Eyewitnesses: Discursive Essay

To suggest that the reliability of the memories of child witnesses had been a controversial issue for quite some time is definitely an understatement. There has been a variety of research and discussions worldwide about an ongoing controversy issue in the forensic psychology field. Should a child be able to testify as an eyewitness? An eyewitness testimony is provided by an individual who was present during an incident and could recall what happened from start to finish. Throughout many cases,...
3 Pages 1177 Words

Reliability of Eyewitness Testimony

On July 17, 1982, a young woman was raped by a black man in Virginia, who approached her on a stolen bicycle, and beat her, threatened her with a gun, and raped and sodomized her. After reporting the crime, due to the perpetrator mentioning that he had a white girl at home and was black, a police officer singled out Marvin Anderson, who was an 18-year-old local black man with a white girlfriend. As Anderson had no criminal record, the...
3 Pages 1335 Words

Reflections on Why Jazz Is Important

1920s. A smoke-filled bar rings sounds of complexity and enthusiasm. Jazz is at its peak and quite rightly so. There is an overwhelming sense of popularity amongst people of African American descent. The audience. The band. Still nothing gets around the fact that the point of this bar is to entertain, to satisfy the musical urges. Nowadays when we think of a bar we think of alcoholic beverages, socializing, perhaps even some romance. Why is this? One reason could be...
2 Pages 988 Words

Reflections on Whether Globalization Is Diluting Musical Individuality of a Culture Using the Example of K-Pop

Just like society, music will experience evolution. Said evolution may manifest itself through factors such as the ability for the world to be globally connected. Through this inevitable evolution and connectivity, the loss of cultural meaning may be a consequential factor for some genres of music, however, this may not reign true for all genres. The possibility for redefinition or emphasis of cultural facets within music is still achievable. Pop music is generalized category which includes music that adheres to...
4 Pages 1685 Words

Reflections on the Movie ‘The Truman Show’

‘The Truman Show’, which is regarded as the turning point of Jim Carrey’s career, is a movie that has been examined in many respects and opportunities. ‘The Truman Show’, which is often handled by Plato’s cave allegory and our constant observance in today’s society in other words, securitization, makes the audience laugh with his witty approach to the contemporary world and is equipped with many elements beyond its time. It’s the story of a life surrounded by a director’s approach...
2 Pages 825 Words

Reflections on the Movie ‘Gattaca’

From the movie entitled ‘Gattaca’, it shows a world that uses genetic information in order to produce genetically enhanced people, by selecting certain genes. Scientists ensure that individuals were born using reproductive technologies have desirable traits and prevent undesirable traits. This movie spread awareness about ethical issues that people may not be aware. The movie shows an imaginary place within the government, laws, and social conditions are perfect. The movie introduces uniformity and identifies people as valids and in-valids. This...
2 Pages 790 Words

Reflections on the Movie 'A Beautiful Mind'

Nobel Prize laureate John Forbes Nash Jr. still teaches at Princeton, and walks around grounds every day. That these customary clarifications nearly brought tears to people’s eyes suggests the power of ‘A Beautiful Mind’, the record of a man who is maybe the best mathematician, and experiences schizophrenia. Nash acknowledged for a period that Russians were sending him coded messages on the principal page of the New York Times. ‘A Beautiful Mind’ stars Russell Crowe as Nash, and Jennifer Connelly...
2 Pages 894 Words

Reflections after Watching the Movie 'The Shawshank Redemption'

In the movie ‘The Shawshank Redemption’, the main character Andy Dufresne is accused of the murder of his wife and her lover. Andy’s wife was having an affair with another man. Andy is sentenced 19 years in prison for a crime he did not commit. Andy is put into one of the worst prisons at the time, Shawshank. The life Andy lives at Shawshank is a life no person could imagine. The first day, Andy was sent to Shawshank on...
2 Pages 756 Words

Reflections about Classical Music

The fact that the strict principles classical music from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries adhered to became the foundation of pretty much any musical genre that was going to emerge after the heydays of its original composers should not be surprising to anyone remotely into music. Listen to how Beethoven epically channeled his inner turmoil, Handel’s oratorios, the complexity of Bach’s compositions, Mozart’s focus on three to four chords and specifically Schubert’s arrangements, and it becomes obvious that their reoccurring...
1 Page 447 Words

Psychoanalytic Analysis of Grendel

Thesis in ‘Grendel’ much of the internal conflict came from components of his individual psyche and influenced the way the world was portrayed around him. When it comes to the components of the psychoanalytic perspective there are three main parts to focus on: the id, the superego and the ego. First, the id is incredibly prevalent in ‘Grendel’ for many reasons, but one being that it can be interpreted as the monster inside of you or the voice telling you...
1 Page 668 Words

Misidentification of Eyewitness Testimony

In 1980, Elmer Daniels was wrongfully convicted for a crime he didn’t commit. In 1980, Daniels was accused of raping a 15-year-old girl to the first degree. He was trialed and convicted solely by an eyewitness testimony. The conviction proved to be a misidentification, which led to Daniels serving 39 years in a Delaware prison. In this essay I will be analyzing and explaining the psychology behind this misidentification and why an eyewitness testimony shouldn’t be used as a primary...
2 Pages 981 Words

Key Issues of Situation in Jerusalem and Possible Ways to Solve Them

Jerusalem is the major holy city of Judaism and Christianity, and third holiest city in Islam (Mecca and Medina in Saudi Arabia are more significant). Major religious sites are located there, such as the Temple Mount (Haram al-Sharif, where the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa Mosque are located), the Western (Wailing) Wall, and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. A summary of the significance of these places, including tips for visiting, are included in the blog article ‘What...
1 Page 560 Words

How Music Therapy Transforms the Disadvantaged and Disabled: From Classical Music to Modern Styles

This essay will provide research (both found and from personal experiences) based upon how disadvantaged and disabled people react to music of different genres ranging from classical to more modern styles of music. Music therapy has been used to help disadvantaged and disabled people for hundreds of years dating back to 1789. Musical therapy is considered to be a healthy form of therapy especially for children and adults with autism. One of the reasons that music has quickly become a...
3 Pages 1524 Words

Factors Influencing the Reliability of Eyewitness Testimony

Evidence shows that witness testimonies can be unreliable. For instance, 75% of wrongful convictions are due to inaccurate eyewitness testimonies (The Conversation, 2017). Bartlett’s (1932) theory of reconstructive memory was pivotal to understanding how factors may impact witness testimony reliability. In 1932, Bartlett demonstrated how people reconstruct memories when participants relayed a story and changed it from person to person. For example, details were altered to become more conventional, such as ghosts being omitted from the story. Bartlett theorized that...
5 Pages 2491 Words

Eyewitness Testimony: Definition, Importance and Influencing Factors

In this paper, I am going to talk about eyewitness statements. I will discuss what they are and why they are important, as well as analyzing and evaluating two different influences on eyewitness testimonies. The two influences which I will discuss are misleading information and anxiety. Firstly, what are eyewitness testimonies? Well, an eyewitness testimony is evidence that is provided in a police investigation or in court. The information is provided by someone who has witnessed a crime or an...
4 Pages 1674 Words

Eyewitness Testimony and Its Reliability

The term ‘eyewitness’ is a legal term that refers to an account by people of an event that has been witnessed. The testimony is slowly being treated less and less credible because DNA evidence is becoming more accessible and accurate memory testing reveals the errors of your memory. The eyewitness testimony involving criminal justice is being questioned and becoming a controversial topic because the human brain can only hold so much memory. Recalling information can be very difficult as well,...
2 Pages 728 Words

Eyewitness Misidentification: Causes and Measures to Minimize It

Mistaken eyewitness identifications have contributed to approximately 75% of false convictions. Meaning that more than 100 people each year could be falsely convicted of violent or sexual crimes because of these false accusations from witnesses (Garrett, 2011). Eyewitness misidentification is believed to be the single greatest cause of wrongful convictions nationwide which are later overturned through DNA testing. Research studies since the 1960s (Brandon & Davies, 1973; Huff; Rattner & Sagarin, 1986) have demonstrated that there are significant reasons to...
5 Pages 2462 Words

Eyewitness Misidentification as the Most Common Element of Wrongful Convictions: Case Study

According to studies dating back to the 1930’s, eyewitness misidentification is the most common element in wrongful convictions. In this paper I will talk about a case where misidentification was truly show in honest spotlight. The defendant, Kirk Bloodsworth. a 59-year-old Caucasian man, born and raised in Rosedale, Maryland. An innocent man, only 24 years old at the time of conviction. On the early hours of August 9th, 1985, sound asleep at his cousin’s house in Cambridge, Maryland. Kirk Bloodsworth...
3 Pages 1311 Words

Exploring Behavioural Public Policies

Behavioral public policies, often known as nudges, are policies developed using behavioral economics and social psychology research, aiming to shape our psychological and behavioral tendencies to benefit individuals’ long-term interests, while preserving freedom of choice (Pykett et al., 2015). Thaler and Sunstein’s research (2008) exploring behavioral economics and nudges was pioneering in shaping public and private policy and administration, this was adopted by the behavioral insight team (BIT) in the UK, introduced under David Cameron’s leadership in 2010. The seven-member...
6 Pages 2879 Words

Disney's Impact on Children's Perception of the World

In this media content review, I’m going to talk about Disney princesses. My form of media I chose along with my topic is gender. The reason I chose this topic was because I love Disney and as a little girl, my favorite Disney princess was always Cinderella. This paper I chose discusses Disney’s way to feminism and how cartoons have a positive or negative impact on children as they influence a child’s perception of the world. Cartoons can have an...
2 Pages 776 Words

Destructive Nature of Isolation on the Example of Frankenstein and Grendel

Isolation can damage both our physical and mental health. As humans, we are hardwired to interact with others. When one is isolated from others, the brain begins to act in strange ways to preserve its sanity. The author of ‘Frankenstein’, Mary Shelley, uses the monster to develop the themes of the destructive nature of isolation, drawing one towards violence to fill the void of loneliness. When Victor Frankenstein is successful in bringing back the dead, he fears his creation and...
1 Page 632 Words

Advantages and Disadvantages of Eyewitness Testimony

Any statement made by an eyewitness, a sworn statement or oath, which is written either on affidavit or paper done in court testimony, is eyewitness testimony. It is the main researching field in human memory and cognitive psychology. Eyewitnesses are only acceptable if the story they tell is consistent, comprehensible, and cohesive. Many psychological factors can affect eyewitness testimony. They are: anxiety stress, weapon focus (focus on the weapon during the event), reconstructive memory (the ability to reconstruct memory), leading...
3 Pages 1321 Words

A Beautiful Mind' as a Film Depicting Elements of Abnormal Cognition and Behavior: Psychological Assignment

Abnormal psychology is a branch of psychology that studies people who are ‘abnormal’ or ‘atypical’ compared to what is acceptable and follows the social norms in a given society. Their behavior may be incomprehensible to others or make others feel threatened and or uncomfortable. With this definition, a person is seen as abnormal when he/she is unable to cope with the demands of everyday life. Such people are unable to perform the behaviors that are necessary for day-to-day living, such...
3 Pages 1152 Words

Tolerance or Acceptance in Improving Marriage and Relationships

Many today enter into relationships and insist over and over again that their partners are perfect, but soon the intimacy of marriage starts to reveal faults and habits that irritates them. They begin to say marriage life would be more enjoyable if their partners would conform to their ideas of how a perfect mate should order their lives. Accepting your mate means you view your partner as a person of worth, and that you like him/her as he/she is and...
1 Page 429 Words

Measuring Personality Traits of Psychopaths in Media and During Diagnosis Process

Psychopathic behavior is associated with a construct of social and behavioral problems including violence, criminal activity, and overall failure to conform to social standards. In this study, psychopathic and antisocial personality disorder-based traits are measured. Using reliability and factor analyses were used to validate the inventory and create factor-based indices that were used to predict anti-social behavioral outcomes including violence, seeking revenge on people and assisted suicidal plans for other people. Rationale The particular mental disorders I intend to look...
6 Pages 2849 Words

Comparison of Western Psychology with African Psychology Based on Self Concept

We live in a world that is so often conformed to one specific way of thinking. We have to expand our reasoning, step outside our comfort zone, and be willing to see ideas from others’ perspectives. In this essay, two Western psychology theories – Psychoanalysis and Humanism – will be discussed as well as the African Psychology theory. They will be contrasted to show the differences and the importance of providing African Psychology as an alternative to Western Psychology for...
3 Pages 1506 Words
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