The Code of Hammurabi and the Twelve Tables: Compare and Contrast Essay

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The Code of Hammurabi is intriguing on numerous levels, one of which is to contrast the laws in this code and those in the Hebrew Bible. The correlation shows that the Bible was more empathetic than the Code. Coming up next is some data about the Code. The Code is unquestionably more unfair and ruthless than the scriptural laws. The Hammurabi laws contrasted significantly by the way they treated the different social classes. Rich men were dealt with as superior to all ladies, poor men, youngsters, and slaves. The Code set the discipline for some violations and mishaps with the rich men saving money.

Individuals were additionally murdered for taking a slave having a place with someone else, for undermining observers in a capital case, for helping a slave escape, and for burglary. An eye was taken from a man who took out the eye of another, and so too a bone or other body part, even a tooth. In any case, in the event that he took out a tooth of a poor man, he just paid a fine. Specialists needed to pay on the off chance that they caused hurt. On the off chance that, for instance, he caused the demise of a man's slave he should give him another slave. On the off chance that a man hit his dad, his hand was cut off (Reading in World History, pg.2). In the event that a man slaughtered the child of someone else, his child was executed. Be that as it may, in the event that he just murdered a slave, there was a fine. A man who engaged in sexual relations with his mom is executed. A man who took a creature or ship must compensate thirty creases. In the event that the hoodlum has inadequate cash to pay the fine, he is slaughtered. In the event that a man asserts that someone else is holding property having a place with him and can't demonstrate his case, he is murdered.

The Code mirrored some superstitious convictions of the Babylonians. Individuals were condemned to death for doing magic on another without valid justification. On the off chance that the explanation was not plainly advocated for throwing the spell, the man upon whom the spell was cast dove into 'the sacred waterway,' If he passes on there, it shows that the spell caster was defended, and he can return home free. In the event that he endures, it is evidence that the spell was inappropriate and the man who cast the spell is murdered. In their society as well it was.

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The Twelve Tables were the primary legitimate code of the Roman Republic, drafted somewhere in the range of 451 and 450 BCE to assist resolve with clashing between well-off patricians and plebeians. These laws set up rights and obligations of Roman residents in territories of property, preliminaries, individual wrongs, open, and strict issues. Just like the Hammurabi code women were also restricted and not treated as women for example in table five “Female should remain in guardianship even when they have attained their majority” (Twelve Tables, pg 5). This can also reflect on their culture and how their outlook on women. The Romans twelve tables also played a part in their culture in specific table 10 which states “ A dead man shall not be buried or burned within the city” ( Twelve Tables, pg.6). The Romans accepted that the spirit of the dead would go underground to the waterway Styx. The spirit needed to cross the waterway. A coin was set in the mouth of the expired to pay Charon, the boatman of the black market, for the entry over.

The Ten Commandments were given to the Israelites by Moses in the Old Testament, they are as significant for Christians today. The Ten Commandments are a piece of God's ethical law, and they are rehashed in various areas in the New Testament. They are given to devotees by God to tell us the best way to have a correct association with Him and with others. These ten rules are just as similar as the laws previously mentioned and that will be mentioned, for example. The sixth commandment is “Thou shalt not kill” and the eighth commandment is “ Neither shalt thou steal” ( The Ten Commandments, pg7). The difference though is how the punishment will be if you go against the commandment, usually, it will be something physically done, but with Christianity, you displease God which is more of a spiritual punishment.

Just as Christianity has the Ten Commandments Muslims have Islamic Law which is a segment of laws and practices under Sharia. Sharia law acts as a code of living that all Muslims should adhere to, including prayers, fasting, and donations to the poor. The Islamic culture by looking at their laws and practices put the males first while women are not valued as they should be. For example, the divorce law “ The woman who desires to be divorced needs the consent of her husband, if he consents she had to pay back the dowry” ( A segment of laws and practices under Sharia, pg. 9). Just like the code of Hammurabi they believe in an eye for an eye theory, “ Theft is punished by imprisonment or amputation of hands or feet, depending on the number of times it was committed” ( A segment of laws and practices under Sharia, pg.9).

Just like the last two mentioned, the Jews have their own commandments just like Christianity, but unlike 10, it is 613 commandments.

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The Code of Hammurabi and the Twelve Tables: Compare and Contrast Essay. (2023, August 29). Edubirdie. Retrieved April 18, 2024, from https://edubirdie.com/examples/the-code-of-hammurabi-and-the-twelve-tables-compare-and-contrast-essay/
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