‘A Class Divided’ Documentary Analysis Essay

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The documentary film 'A Class Divided' is a thought-provoking exploration of the impact of discrimination and prejudice on individuals and society. It documents an experiment conducted by teacher Jane Elliott in her third-grade classroom, following the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. In this critical essay, we will delve into the key themes and implications of the documentary, as well as analyze its effectiveness in challenging stereotypes and shedding light on social psychology.

The Eye-Color Experiment

In 'A Class Divided,' Jane Elliott divides her class into two groups based on eye color: those with blue eyes and those with brown eyes. She assigns privileges and advantages to one group over the other and observes how this distinction affects the students' behavior and attitudes. The experiment aims to simulate discrimination and create a firsthand experience of the effects of prejudice and bias.

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Examining Stereotypes and Discrimination

The documentary effectively exposes the power of stereotypes and discrimination. Through the experiment, the blue-eyed children quickly internalize the superiority bestowed upon them, while the brown-eyed children experience feelings of inferiority and exclusion. This portrayal vividly demonstrates how societal norms and prejudices can shape individuals' self-perception and interactions with others.

Emotional Impact and Empathy

One of the most powerful aspects of 'A Class Divided' is its ability to evoke strong emotions in both the participants and the viewers. As the experiment unfolds, the children grapple with the injustices they experience, and their reactions range from anger and frustration to sadness and empathy. These emotional responses humanize the experience of discrimination and highlight its damaging effects on individuals' well-being and sense of self-worth.

The Role of Education

The documentary raises important questions about the role of education in combating prejudice and discrimination. Jane Elliott's experiment demonstrates that discriminatory behavior is not inherent but learned, suggesting that education can play a vital role in challenging and dismantling stereotypes. By exposing her students to the experience of discrimination, she fosters empathy, understanding, and critical thinking, offering a compelling case for the power of education in promoting social justice.

Impact and Relevance Today

While 'A Class Divided' was filmed in the 1970s, its message remains relevant in today's society. Discrimination and prejudice continue to persist, highlighting the need for ongoing conversations and actions that promote equality and understanding. The documentary serves as a reminder that the fight against discrimination is ongoing and requires constant vigilance and awareness.


'A Class Divided' is a powerful documentary that shines a light on the damaging effects of discrimination and the importance of challenging stereotypes. Through the eye-color experiment, it provides a tangible representation of the impact of prejudice on individuals and communities. By eliciting strong emotional responses and highlighting the role of education, the film encourages viewers to reflect on their own biases and take action to promote social justice. 'A Class Divided' serves as a call to address discrimination and strive for a more inclusive and empathetic society.

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‘A Class Divided’ Documentary Analysis Essay. (2024, March 31). Edubirdie. Retrieved May 29, 2024, from https://edubirdie.com/examples/a-class-divided-documentary-analysis-essay/
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