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Effects of Early Childhood Trauma

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There is a lot of evidence to suggest that negative early life experiences have a profound impact on the growing brain. Changes in the brain that take place in response to early life stress can lead to lifelong trauma. Children who are exposed to sexual or physical abuse or the loss of a mom or dad are at higher threat for development of depressive and anxiety issues later in life. Clearly, exposure to early life stressors leads to changes in the brain that enlarge the threat of trauma in both kids and adults. In psychology, schema is when you learn one idea and continue thinking that idea is true even when substantial evidence is provided to show that the idea is incorrect.

Many youth go through all of their childhood with few major upsets. But an unlucky variety face the opposite fate, struggling with repeated and regularly serious traumas everything from abuse and neglect to continual community violence to caregivers impaired through illness, alcohol or depression. No one knows how many kids are affected, however one way of telling is the number of children reported yearly to child protection services for abuse and neglect. About 3 million each year 1 million of those cases are substantiated (ACF 2014).

Early childhood trauma typically refers to the hectic experiences that happen to kids aged zero and five. Because babies and young kid’s reactions can also be different from older children’s, and due to the fact they might also not be able to verbalize their reactions to threatening or scary events, many people depend on that young age protecting children from the affect of stressful experience which is now not true. A developing physique of research has set up that younger kids may also additionally be affected via things to do that threaten their security or the safety of their dad and mom or caregivers, and their behavior have been closely studied. These traumas can be the result of intentional violence such as a childs physical or sexual abuse, or domestic violence or the end result of natural disaster, accidents, or war. Younger kids also might also experience trauma because of the sudden loss of a parent or close family member (Perez, 2019).

Every kid deserves the opportunity to succeed, and the first 5 years are a vital time in their development. This is the time when children’s brains and their bodies develop rapidly, and the senses, language, and different fundamental cognitive competencies develop. Smart investments assist adolescents attain their full potential through getting rid of barriers. Every kid wants to have love and care that keeps them healthful and offers them a strong beginning to life. Young children can get a strong start by making sure families have access to clothes, doctors, healthy food, educational stimulation, physical activity, etc. all of which will help kids grow up healthy and strong. Without this children will be affected for the rest of their life. Many neglected kids never understand necessary fundamentals of healthy, trusting, and loving relationships, growing the possibility that they will battle with relationships of all types later in life. However, children who have suffered neglect in childhood can recover. Individual or group therapy can help them learn how their character has adapted and compensated for the neglect they experienced in childhood. With help, it is feasible for adults and teenagers to strengthen healthful relationships and successful lives regardless of past traumas (Perez, 2019).

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Parenting is no longer a part-time job. Children require continual encouragement and support. Parents are the leaders who supply hope and optimism for the future. Parents understand that disciplining a their children is not easy. Although it’s not often appreciated, it’s frequently in the child’s great interest. Parents understand that it takes a village to raise a child, however they do not outsource responsibility for constructing a proper foundation for their kids. They additionally teach their kids to accept duty for their actions and choices. When children grow up, they hear their parent’s voice in their subconscious. Make sure the words they hear offer nice messages. Parents recognize their behavior will be emulated. Therefore, they can instill appropriate personal values and a sturdy work ethic through serving as exemplary role models. Furthermore, they understand that friends and family, teachers, celebrities, video games, movies, and music affect behavior. Family offers a kid with roots, much-needed structure, and unconditional love. Families also supply their kids with a joyful home a area where a infant is constantly safe and welcome (Mastering the World of Psychology, 2018).

Picture a tree with roots. The roots symbolize the prenatal stage of growth, the place the tree touches the ground is birth, the trunk is infancy and early childhood, lower branches are childhood, and up to maturity at the top branches. If trauma happens at any stage, the rest of the tree’s growth, past that point is negatively affected. The older you are, the greater life experiences and know how you have to cope with how much less actively the brain is developing (Perez, 2019) (Mastering the World of Psychology, 2018).

Traumatic events have a profound sensory influence on young children. Their experience of security might also be shattered through scary visual stimuli, loud noises, violent movements, and other sensations related with an unpredictable, scary event. The scary pictures have a tendency to recur in the form of nightmares, new fears, and actions or play that reenact the event. Lacking an correct understanding of the relationship between motive and effect, young children trust that their thoughts, wishes, and fears have the power to grow to be real and can make matters happen. Young adolescents are much less able to anticipate threat or to be aware of how to keep themselves safe, and so are specifically susceptible to the effects of exposure to trauma. A 2-year-old who witnesses a hectic match like his mom being battered can also interpret it much differently from the way a 5 year old or an 11 year old would. Children may additionally blame themselves or their dad and mom for not stopping a scary tournament or for no longer being capable to change its outcome. These misconceptions of reality compound the bad influence of stressful outcomes on kid’s development. As with older children, young kids experience each behavioral and physiological signs and symptoms related with trauma. Unlike older children, younger kids can’t specific in words whether they feel afraid, overwhelmed, or helpless. Young kids suffering from traumatic stress symptoms normally have difficulty regulating their behaviors and emotions. They may be clingy and apprehensive of new situations, easily frightened, tough to console, and/or aggressive and impulsive. They might additionally have issues sleeping, lose recently obtained developmental skills, and exhibit regression in functioning and behavior (HBO, 1990).

A schema is a concept that helps organize and interpret information. Schemas can be beneficial due to the fact they permit us to take shortcuts in deciphering the massive amount of data that is reachable in our environment. However, these intellectual frameworks additionally cause us to exclude pertinent information to focal point rather only on things that verify our preexisting beliefs and ideas. Schemas can make contributions to stereotypes and make it hard to keep new facts that does not conform to our established thoughts about the world (Perez, 2019).

We structure schemas primarily based on our experiences in life. Once they are formed, however, schemas have a tendency to stay unchanged even in the face of contradictory information. In other words, your brain creates an automatic model of how it thinks the world should work, and occasionally you keep using it even when it’s no longer proper or helpful. For example, in someones life they have been raised with certain ideas and beliefs so that person normally will develop stereotypes of different people and cultures due to the fact schemas have a tendency to continue to be unchanged even even though they are not true. This is important due to the fact schemas no longer only impact the memories you have about the outside world, but also the things you trust about yourself (Perez, 2019).

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Effects of Early Childhood Trauma. (2022, August 25). Edubirdie. Retrieved January 28, 2023, from
“Effects of Early Childhood Trauma.” Edubirdie, 25 Aug. 2022,
Effects of Early Childhood Trauma. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 28 Jan. 2023].
Effects of Early Childhood Trauma [Internet]. Edubirdie. 2022 Aug 25 [cited 2023 Jan 28]. Available from:
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