Elon Musk is an associate exemplary leader, even as Father Jose Maria Arizmendiarrieta was. In but thirty years of existing on earth, Elon Musk went from being cowed, what others thought about as being smarty pants to attaining degrees in economic science and physics at the same time and beginning many undefeated businesses. One of which might be Zip2, which was sold out to Compaq for $307 million followed by X.com which then became PayPal, which was conjointly sold-out and accustomed to fund his alternative ventures like Tesla Motors, SpaceX, and Solar City. Father Arizmendiarrieta educated and power-assisted the primary founders of the Mondragón Cooperative that nowadays employs quite 80 000 individuals. Impressive achievements from two-man who merely can't be outlined by any 'textbook' leadership style. It seems that in reality leadership theories is also applied in synergism, permitting the pliability for a frontrunner to adapt their style because of the condition prerequisites. Whilst Elon Musk and Father Jose Arizmendiarrieta are both effective leaders, one stands out. Father Arizmendiarrieta led a population to independence and while not thus far the immense monetary success of Tesla, Mondragón’s continued existence is the heritage of a really superior leader. Five theories; trait, behaviors, power motives, charisma, and transformational leadership will be discussed in this essay, each one comparing and contrasting the similarities and/or differences Elon Musk and Father Arizmendiarrieta exhibited and how these dissimilarities made Father Arizmendiarrieta more exceptional leader.
Trait leadership is one in the first leadership theories and has resurfaced recently with Zaccaro (2006) contesting that traits and attributes combined, is a major predictor of leadership ability. Personality traits can be divided into general and task-related traits (Dubrin 2015, pp. 35-63). Effective leaders exhibit general traits of self-confidence, humility, core self-evaluations, trustworthiness, enthusiasm, optimism and warmth, authenticity, assertiveness, and extraversion. It cannot be contended that Elon Musk displayed these qualities. Substantial analysis, usually by alternative recognized leaders, cites these essential qualities. Jacoby (2011) gives various instances of how Elon Musk's passion, trust in his own capacity and decisiveness, led to the advancement of his fruitful undertakings over numerous years in front of his rivals. As per Ashlee Vance, who depicted the assembling floor at SpaceX, reports Kamens (2017) noticed humility saying “desks were interspersed around the factory so that Ivy League computer scientists and engineers designing the machines could sit with the welders and machinists building the hardware.” These qualities were typical in the two men. Father Arizmendiarrieta’s own words, (cited in Lorenzo 2000, p. 271; p. 273); ‘the education enterprise is the first enterprise of a people and ‘to create but not to dominate, speaks of humility, trustworthiness, and authenticity. Whyte (1994 pp. 274-276) additionally depicts Father Arizmendiarrieta's self-assurance and his decisiveness when the need emerged.
The men similarly shared the duty-related qualities of energy for their work, enthusiastic insight and strength (Raj, 2016; Whyte 1994, p. 275). Adaptability and inside locus of control was additionally present in the two men. Dubrin (2015, p. 52) depicts an adaptable pioneer as one who can adapt to innovative change. Elon Musk symbolizes the image of technological advancement; “From his first interest in Internet banking to his present-day inclusion in pushing forward space travel, clean vitality, self-driving vehicles and substantially more, Musk has exhibited a capacity to investigate the future and see its potential” (Raj, 2016). That respect goes to his capacity to foresee likely future results dependent on present markers, and his capacity to rapidly retain tremendous measures of new data and use it appropriately (Knight, 2016, p.14). In like manner, Father Arizmendiarrieta started the progressions in Mondragón by prompting education frameworks and in the long run the Cooperative Venture. Both men had similar identity qualities, however, they didn't have similar frames of mind and practices.
As per Dubrin (2015, p. 109) thought and initiating structure are critical leadership practices. A pioneer with high thought makes a domain of passionate help and accommodates the welfare of the gathering. The relationship-orientated practices and frames of mind of adjusting individuals, receptiveness to conclusions, making motivation, fulfilling larger amount needs, giving enthusiastic help, advancing standards and values, and being a servant leader are parts of thought (Dubrin 2015, p. 117). Father Arizmendiarrieta was a relationship-orientated pioneer with high thought. Barker (1997, p. 2) depicts Arizmendiarrieta as a sincerely religious man plan on giving profound advancement to his parishioners. To accomplish this, he expected to discover them work when none existed. His vision that training and network solidarity would make open doors for each native propelled individuals to join his motivation. Father Arizmendiarrieta was particularly a servant leader, working just to accomplish network objectives. At theological college school, he was encouraged that a disregard for one's own needs was required to accomplish social reclamation for the network (Molina and Miguez, 2008, p. 288) and he pursued these lessons devotedly.
Interestingly, Elon Musk's conduct underlines initiating structure, he composed and characterized gatherings (Dubrin 2016, p. 109) by determining the work to be led, building up objectives and setting desires. The duty-related practices and demeanors of versatility, route setting, elite gauges, focusing on individuals' qualities, chance taking, hands-on direction, posing extreme inquiries and arranging joint effort are parts of initiating structure (Dubrin 2016, p. 112). Elon Musks' authority was specially tasked centered, a pioneer who 'allots bunch individuals to specific errands,' 'anticipates that specialists should keep up unequivocal benchmarks of execution,' and 'accentuates the gathering of due dates.' Elon Musk is an individual 'who, through his own drive toward perfection, pushes you toward your fullest potential and maybe past, you may. He illustrates 'amazing devotion and persistence' as he endeavors to realize his vision' (Blazek, 2016).
While Father Arizmendiarrieta additionally has shown vigorous task-related practices (Molina and Miguez 2008, p. 290; Barker 1997, p.3), Elon Musk did not satisfy a similar guideline of consideration or relationship-orientated practices. a pioneer who helps representatives with individual issues, is neighborly and agreeable, regards all workers as equivalents, and communicates thankfulness and backing, yet, on occasion, representatives express that Musk can put the final product or the accomplishment of his associations' objectives as need, doing insufficient to address employee concerns or needs. His triumphs are huge, however so were his failings as a servant leader, absolutely unfit to support others' potential now and again.
consideration and initiating structure have been connected to initiative results (Dubrin (2016, p. 110). consideration is firmly associated with employment fulfillment, inspiration and leadership fulfillment while initiating structure corresponds all the more intimately with execution (Judge, Piccolo and Ilies, 2004). This relationship seems steady with the exhibition of Mondragón and SpaceX, as one organization developed all the more socially mindful presenting social security and medicinal services, the other made uncommon monetary progress despite the fact that with different disappointments. These practices are by all accounts not the only reason the associations created as they did, Leadership power motives also played a role.
Compelling leaders have solid power thought processes since they need to impact others (Dubrin, 2016, p. 53). Elon Musk did not fit the standard idea of having a customized influence intention, we have given numerous models and statements portraying Elon Musk's vision that proposes 'a future superior to status quo.' Dolly Singh, previous HR head at SpaceX, says: 'what makes Elon Elon is his capacity to influence individuals to have faith in his vision.' he was commonly not intrigued by cash or status. In any case, what isolates Elon Musk from a large portion of financial speculators is that he uses his vitality to affect individuals and affiliations, even governments, to change their acknowledgment on space travel (Junod, 2012). Indeed, even his endowment of influencing and scaring individuals could be viewed as normal for a personal power motive.
Like Elon Musk, Father Arizmendiarrieta did not look for power for monetary benefit, his faith required a 'social priesthood' (Molina and Miguez 2008, p. 288) to activate the working classes, 'the workers won't trust in the Church's social precept on the off chance that they can't see it set in motion through work for society' (Biography of Don Jose Maria Arizmendiarrieta, 2011, p. 2). Thus he was substantially more determined by a socialized power motive than Elon Musk. As indicated by Dubrin (2016, p. 54) pioneers with socialized power motives use the capacity to accomplish hierarchical objectives, basically to help other people. This skillfully depicts Father Arizmendiarrieta, whose words 'I have no power' (referred to in Whyte, 1995, p. 61) demonstrated that he held no authority inside Mondragón, still exerted a gigantic impact on the plan and development of the association. Dubrin (2016, p.54) proposes that those with socialized power motives processes have longer range points of view and this again is by all accounts the case. While Elon Musk was centered around the following creative thought, Father Arizmendiarrieta saw the requirement for Mondragón to set up a Cooperative bank, at that point social security services and health care (Whyte, 1994, p. 276) and he leads his people into these undertakings without, by all reports the charisma regularly connected with powerful leaders.
Charisma is a convincing leadership quality, it makes individuals need to be driven by an individual (Dubrin, 2016 p.74) and there is no uncertainty that Elon Musk is a recognized charismatic leader (Dubrin, 2016, p. 74; Snow, 2015; Blazek, 2016). Charisma works since it makes a connection between a leader and those being driven and thus charisma involves a point of view (Durbin, 2016, p. 74.) This clarifies why Elon Musk would be both adored and berated amid his vocation, no leader being constantly prevalent. Leaders have the vision and charismatic leaders can communicate this vision through their own enthusiasm and passion, creating influence over followers who then collectively help achieve their leaders' vision. Once more, proof of Elon Musk's expertise here is all over the place, with numerous models and statements depicting Elon Musk's vision that proposes 'a future superior to status quo.' Dolly Singh, previous HR head at SpaceX, says: 'what makes Elon is his capacity to influence individuals to have faith in his vision.' And Jim Cantrell, SpaceX's first engineer, includes, 'The person is pure ambition' (Snow, 2015). Elon Musk is extravagant, eager, and driven, he embodies the customized charming meaning of serving his own advantages and practicing his capacity voluntarily (Dubrin, 2016, p.77). There is no uncertainty that charisma was a key segment of Elon Musk's' prosperity.
Conversely, Father Arizmendiarrieta was not articulate, drawing in open speakers. Unobtrusively spoken and regularly reluctant he could be difficult to pursue (Whyte, 1994, p. 274) however despite everything he figured out how to move others to perceive what they could accomplish (Bass, 1995, p. 134). Like his power motive process, his methodology was that of a socialized charisma, utilizing his capacity to profit others (Dubrin, 2016, p.76). Father Arizmendiarrieta was a vital scholar and his expertise was in getting other individuals to think and after that to follow up on objectives that would profit the community, as one of his supporters cites 'he sees the future and makes us face it'(cited in Whyte, 1994, p. 277). Despite the fact that Elon Musk is by a long shot the more charming of the two men, Father Arizmendiarrieta's style was significantly more adjusted to making him a powerful transformational leader.
Transformational leaders realize real positive changes for an association (Dubrin, 2016, p. 89). Elon musk absolutely empowered PayPal's monstrous achievement together with Tesla and SpaceX, anyway at the center of transformational leadership is the transforming of individuals. Father Arizmendiarrieta took the uneducated common laborers and changed them into people equipped for running substantial enterprises. He enabled them, showed them self-sufficiency, and gave them equity. Education stays one of Mondragón's five core values today (Barker, 1995, p. 5). It is proposed that transformational leaders accomplish their outcomes in three different ways, by being charismatic, meeting the emotional needs, and mentally invigorating every representative (Bass, 1990, p.21). Father Arizmendiarrieta accomplished every one of these things however his moving vision, on a very basic level religious practices and his attention on education (Whyte, 1995, pp. 61-62).
Conversely, Elon Musk stays substantially more of a transactional leader, compensating individuals when they achieved the required standard yet, on occasion, representatives express that Musk can put the final product or the accomplishment of his associations' objectives as needed, doing insufficient to address worker concerns or needs. Bass (1990, p.20) recommends that transactional leadership, for example, can undoubtedly result in workers accomplishing basically to keep away from control. There is no passionate help. It could be contended that Elon Musk challenged them mentally, anyway once more, this was driven more by dread of frustrating him, a trademark adherent of customizing charismatics show (Dubrin, 2016, p.77). Bass (1990, p. 21) and Dubrin (2016, pp. 89-98) show that transformational administration is better than transactional leadership.
Observing the leadership of Elon Musk and Father Arizmendiarrieta against the five theories has featured various remarkable focuses. The two of them had similar characteristics implied to be vital for effective leadership. They were both charismatic leaders yet their natural qualities and practices saw exhibited in various ways. Elon Musk engaged with solid initiating structure conduct which gave him quality in task-related practices. Father Arizmendiarrieta had a strong dimension of task-related practices, however not to a similar degree. What he had was a lot higher relationship-orientated conduct base degenerated from a consideration structure. This made him progressively ready to help the more elevated amount needs of his people. Traits, behaviors and attributes consolidated in every individual made a socialized power motive and a socialized charismatic in Father Arizmendiarrieta however marginally an individual power motive process and a personalized charismatic in Elon Musk. This set the establishment for Father Jose Arizmendiarrieta's capacities as a transformational leader while Elon Musk still remains a transactional leader.
Elon Musk accomplished incredible things and he also is a remarkable leader, anyway his leadership drives his projects to do extraordinary things since he pushes others towards accomplishing objectives and does not so much transform them. Father Jose Arizmendiarrieta acknowledged giving up of one's own priorities in his conviction that the aggregate great was increasingly significant. A man who seeks after his vision without a requirement for individual reward is genuinely a predominant leader.
- Dubrin, A. (2015). Leadership. Florence, KY: Cengage.