An American abolitionist also known as ¨The Conductor¨ named Harriet Tubman was one of the most famous and let’s not forget, successful conductors a woman who escaped the slavery that she was born into. She was born in 1822, her exact birthday is unknown. Araminta Ross had changed her name to Harriet Tubman as we know it today. She escaped slavery in the South and started dedicating her life to helping others escape slavery and to find freedom. In 1849, she became one of the famous conductors of the Underground Railroad (“Harriet Tubman’s Achievements.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. March 13, 2021).
Tubman escaped and made many missions to rescue more than 70 slaves, many of them were helped, and some were even family members, using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad (Sarah Bradford’s Harriet Tubman.” Harriet Tubman, 2007, March 11, 2021). There was no exact estimate of how many slaves she helped escape from slavery. Even though they say she never lost someone that she led every single one of them to safety.
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The Underground Railroad ran north and grew gradually until the Civil War began. One estimate suggests that 100,000 slaves had escaped through the underground network. Because the law required documents that claimed a person was a fugitive. There used to be slave catchers which were people who returned escaped slaves back to their owners that also went by the name of slave masters or slaveholders.
Politicians always misreported the number of escapees and they ended up blaming them on Northerners interfering with the Southern rights. The regulation deprived people suspected of being slaves the proper to defend/ protect themselves in court, making it hard to show free status (University, Eastern Illinois. “EIU Teaching with Primary Sources.” Eastern Illinois University, March 11, 2020).
Although there was a risk of people finding out about the routes information and safe places, which we now call safehouses, were passed along. There was a newspaper in the south that had information about the people (slaves) who were escaping slavery and they were offering rewards for them to be captured and returned. Members of the Underground Railroad often used secret codenames. One of Harriet Tubman´s codenames was ¨Moses¨ or ¨Moses of her people¨. The people who helped others find the railroad went by the name
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Harriet Tubman: 5 Paragraph Essay.
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