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Essay on Tesco Functional Areas

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Tesco is a household name and a giant in the world of retail. With over 6,000 stores in 12 countries, it's an impressive feat to keep everything running smoothly. One of the ways Tesco achieves this is through its functional areas, which are specialized departments responsible for specific tasks. From finance to marketing, human resources to operations, each functional area plays a crucial role in the success of the company.

In this essay, we will explore the different functional areas of Tesco, their responsibilities, and how they work together to achieve the company's goals. Join us as we take a behind-the-scenes look at one of the world's largest retailers.

Marketing Department

The marketing department of Tesco plays a significant role in the success of the company. Its main role is to develop and implement marketing strategies that attract and retain customers, enhance brand awareness, and drive sales. The marketing department uses various strategies, such as advertising, promotions, product development, and pricing, to achieve these objectives.

The marketing department of Tesco places a strong emphasis on understanding its customers' needs and preferences. It gathers market research data and customer insights to develop targeted marketing campaigns and tailor product offerings that meet the specific needs of different customer segments.

Effective marketing is vital to attracting and retaining customers. By creating a strong brand identity and conveying the value of its products and services, Tesco can build a loyal customer base and differentiate itself from competitors. Tesco's marketing department also focuses on driving sales and revenue by using pricing and promotional strategies to incentivize customers to make purchases and increase the overall volume of sales.

Human Resources Department

The Human Resources (HR) department at Tesco plays a critical role in managing the company's workforce. The primary role of HR is to attract, recruit, and retain talented employees while ensuring compliance with employment laws and regulations.

HR is also responsible for the training and development programs of Tesco employees. These programs ensure that employees acquire the skills and knowledge required to perform their roles effectively. Training and development also help employees to develop their careers and progress within the organization.

Performance management and appraisal is another critical function of HR at Tesco. It involves setting performance goals, providing regular feedback, and assessing employee performance. This process helps to identify areas where employees need improvement and provides opportunities for recognition and career progression.

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Finance Department

The role of finance in Tesco is crucial in ensuring the financial health and stability of the company. The finance department is responsible for managing and planning the company's finances, including budgeting, forecasting, and financial analysis. They are responsible for tracking the company's financial performance and making recommendations for improvement.

The finance department also plays a key role in financial reporting, providing accurate and timely financial information to stakeholders. They work closely with other functional areas, such as marketing and operations, to ensure that financial resources are allocated effectively and efficiently.

Operations Department

The role of operations in Tesco is to ensure the efficient and effective management of the company's resources to meet customer needs and achieve business objectives. The operations department is responsible for the supply chain management of products from suppliers to stores and inventory management to ensure that products are available for customers when they need them.

They also focus on quality control and assurance, ensuring that products meet or exceed customer expectations and regulatory standards. Operations work closely with other functional areas, such as marketing and finance, to ensure that operational resources are allocated efficiently and effectively.

Information Technology Department

Information Technology (IT) plays a vital role in Tesco's operations as it helps the company to stay competitive in the retail industry. The IT department at Tesco is responsible for developing and maintaining the necessary technology systems and infrastructure required for efficient operations.

The systems used by Tesco include point-of-sale systems, supply chain management systems, and customer relationship management systems. The IT department also provides support and maintenance for these systems to ensure smooth functioning.

With the increasing use of technology in retail, the IT department plays an essential role in providing innovative solutions to enhance the customer experience and increase efficiency in Tesco's operations.


Tesco's success as a retail giant is a result of the effective integration of its functional areas, including marketing, HR, finance, operations, and IT. Each department plays a crucial role in achieving the company's goals and objectives.

The marketing department ensures that Tesco attracts and retains customers by employing effective strategies, while the HR department ensures that the company has the right personnel with the right skills to deliver its services. Thus, effective coordination among the functional areas ensures Tesco's continued success in the competitive retail industry.

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Essay on Tesco Functional Areas. (2023, October 25). Edubirdie. Retrieved March 4, 2024, from
“Essay on Tesco Functional Areas.” Edubirdie, 25 Oct. 2023,
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