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How Should the US Reduce Economic Inequality? Essay

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Over the past few decades, America has been experiencing a great deal of alterations. One of those changes involves the growth of the country. The expansion rate in America has been rapidly growing since 1950. Decreased death rate and an increase in average human age are some of the leading causes of skyrocketing population. Growth has tended to be more rapid, especially in lower-working categories. However, social disengagement arising from growing inequality has not altered. Poverty and inequality are interlinked with one another. Increasing income inequality in recent years has triggered an overflow of analysis and speculation on the causes and consequences of those changes. Several rising differences between the distribution of income and wealth as a significant social impediment has seen in both academic and public deliberations. Whereas most of these scripts highlight the adverse consequences, others argue that income inequality isn’t increasing considerably. If it is, then it’s a reasonable and natural outcome within the economy, during which rewards have distributed in keeping with differing contributions to economic output, in which people have diverging abilities and attitudes towards significant damage to the functioning of capitalist economies, that have bought large material edges throughout the world. But still, others claim that considerations regarding economic inequality are disturbed, observing poverty as the real enigma.

The last dimension elevates the question: ‘Whether there is something concerning about inequality within itself that is uncertain independently of the reality that those at the lower edge of the income division are always poor, at least by the suitable nationwide measures?’. Everyone agrees that poverty is a critical social defect that condemns many people to lives that not solely lacks comfort and basic necessities; however, conjointly dignity and respect that they might get if they weren’t in impoverishment. Imagine a community in which poverty has dropped so that everybody has sufficient to begin productive and fulfilling lives, however, during which there is still notable economic bias. Such society has never subsisted; however, if one occurred, ‘wouldn’t it be useful to adopt strategies to diminish inequality, and if so, how?’. If income inequality is pitching in, or at least not increasing, and if it has no critical consequences on discernment of social justice or economic and political systems, neglect in support of attempts to diminish poverty. If inequality is mounting, and it will have an effect on inherent social relationships, the relevant policy, acknowledgment would be to tackle both each economy and poverty.

Economic inequality might affect the expansion of the economy, and, therefore, the economical use of resources like labor and capital. Some argue that countries with high levels of inequality experienced enormous economic growth. If this is accurate, this may suggest that efforts of lower economic inequality are costly because they reduce growth and prosperity. Studies show that over the past few decades, countries like Korea, France, Norway have a lot of income distributions and had showed higher economic performance compared to the United States. Over the period 1960-2015, average annual French economic growth was 2.75%compared to 3.04% for U.S. However, the U.S. growth rate is rising solely because of the growing population: 1.03% compared to 0.65% in France. Apparently, per head, economic growth reflects an increase in productivity, serving as a better indicator of rising economic prosperity, highly influenced by the growth of the population.

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A possible method of concluding whether or not economic disparity disrupts social measures concerning justice would constitute on the stated views of voters themselves. While economists studied a typical unit of U.S residents on their opinions on income and economic inequality and their choices with regard, they discovered that the wealthiest 20% of the population held about 59% of the total wealth whereas the initial total through the course of the analysis comprised 84%. Once presented a questionable prospect among the United States income distribution and a uniform dispersion (comparable to that of Sweden), 92% preferred the uniform distribution. Individuals significantly depreciate the scale of inequality in employee profit, and, on the far side, their examples of countries, a considerable majority preferred more superior uniformity in the delivery of wages. Corresponding to different countries, they declared that there exists a higher forbearance for inequality in the United States. This conclusion denotes compatible by the survey outcomes on opinions approaching differences within the United States, explaining that a majority considers that the economic arrangement is verboten. Still, the traditionalists remain less vulnerable to accept the fact with the judgment than those toward the final left statement conclusions revealing that a significant primary dimension of Americans who believe that the wealth distributions are forbidden has endured over 60% since 1984. Eventually, a bulk of U.S residents continue to make their attempts to decrease these differences with the ability of distinctive support concerning philosophical attitudes and economic standing predictably.

However, critics state that ‘inequality provides greater incentive to hard work’. The tendency to make more wealth encourages people to achieve harder, furthermore aim to innovate and generate better and creative results. Without significant extra purposes for successful performance, there will be dramatically smaller inventions, development, including capital. If people who do not work hard and achieve their goals, obtain the equivalent or same honors as individuals those who strive vigorously, study, analyze and spend notable time, the latter succumbs motive to be prolific. A higher measure of sustenance helps a nation to support the poor and look after their needs. Inequality empowers major significant economies because there are rich people who earn a large amount of income compared to poor people. Large-income earners save more than lower-income earners. More enhanced gains unload resources concerning markets to obtain capital to higher purchases and investments toward technology and industry extension.

Also, aspiring, determinant and progressive learning and employment business methods are perhaps one among those numerous sturdy implements to boost the abilities of autochthones, molding them more ambitious. Effective employment business strategies can moderate many significant potential adverse consequences relating to work loss and promote departmental development through education dimensions or substitute fee payments. Furthermore, an expansion toward intergenerational movement produced by more significant ventures in childhood education would repay. Experiential instructive study reveals that substantial funding in youngsters provides tremendous profits toward literacy, health and well-being, and potency and skills. While inflation in minimum payment will lighten economic inequality within a precise time, a significant influence over the average time is questionable, as a high minimum wage can lead to a rise in unemployment, which could progress income inequality. Decreasing inequality by more ambitious and forward-looking education and labor market strategies will apparently possess a positive impression on the expansion of the economy, since we have bestowed, that vital disparities remain affiliated with the development of the economy moderately. Mostly these methods are equally supporting possible growth; the continuing obligation on the authority to proceed economic incentive attempts would manifestly handle.

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